The tone of the newborn
Childhood Diseases / / March 31, 2016
muscle tone of newborn
There is a gloomy joke: "If your child is diagnosed with hyper- or hypotonia, which means you forgot to show it to a specialist."Recording "muscular dystonia," ie, high or low tone, is found in the medical record almost every child's 1st year of life.Most wrong, they can do with the parents - is to decide that the time is at all, hence, nothing to worry about.However, the other extreme - excessive anxiety and panic - the cause of only hurt.Here, the most appropriate to adhere to the old rules "forewarned - is forearmed."
What's the problem?
close attention of pediatricians, pediatricians, neurologists and orthopedists to the muscles of newborn justified.For baby tone - it is not only the basis of the movement, but also an important indicator of the state of the nervous system and general health.Disturbances in muscle tone is often a symptom of an important signal indicating a number of problems.For example, hypertension - increased intracranial pressure - in infants is always accompanied by muscular dystonia.
Of course, you will lead thousands of examples of "Life", when children with a diagnosis of "muscle dystonia" grew committed healthy, smart and happy.And it is true.But is it worth risking the future of your child?After all, most of the problems are solved in the first months of life, man is completely painless and disappear without a trace.
Any violation of muscle tone can cause a delay of mental and physical development of the baby.Children with high or low tone later than expected, begin to crawl, stand on legs to walk.
Diagnose "muscular dystonia" and determine whether a high or low tone pathology for each kid must specialist neurologist.Sometimes, only a doctor can distinguish the disease from the individual characteristics of the child.The task of parents at the slightest doubt, consult a specialist.Especially it concerns children, who are at risk.For example, children who were born prematurely, with low birth weight;"Kesaryata" - because a cesarean always a good indication;children in a family where there are genetic diseases.
There are many factors matter: my mother bore pregnancy, how old she is gone generations, whether the child immediately cried out in full and there appeared faded in time unconditioned, innate reflexes.Even if parents think that all is well within the 1st year of life the baby every 2-3 months is necessary to show a neurologist.
- raise or lower the tone can spoil a child posture, affect gait cause of clubfoot.
- Eventually hypertonicity can develop into hyperexcitability.These children difficult to concentrate on any occupation, they are extremely inattentive, aggressive, bad study.
- kids running low tone often grow sluggish both in physical and psychological terms.They are prone to obesity, physical inactivity, inactive in the knowledge of the world, too far behind their peers in development.
task of parents - to closely monitor the behavior of the child, because no one, even the most attentive doctor is watching the child 24 hours a day.Do not make conclusions on the basis of independent observations - leave this to the professionals!Remember, all babies are different!The fact that one is a deviation from the norm, for another just particular temperament.
for children in the first months of life is characterized by "fetal position": the handle bent at the joints, cams located on the chest, legs also bent and slightly apart.The kid is not able to control their movements, but his muscles are active.They are in good shape, and the word means "power" (from the Greek tonos).
Grudnichok constantly moving hands and feet, can "crawl" on the bed, or even roll over (which is why babies can not be left unattended on the changing table).This active work of muscles in the newborn is called "physiological tone" - is the norm.Physiological tone of the newborn - a consequence of 9 months in the mother's abdomen close.Standing on guard in the following cases:
- newborn Feet should be diluted by about 90 degrees.If the hip without resistance bred wider, can be suspected low tone.Conversely, too stubborn resistance may indicate hypertonicity.
- Always make sure the child's posture in bed if he sprawled like froggy, or, conversely, unnaturally compressed into a ball, there is a violation of tone.
- child is restless, often crying for no apparent reason, with the head throws back, not eating.
- cramps, especially at elevated temperature.
- delays in mental development: the baby does not smile, does not coo.
Never, even at night, swaddled baby tight.Elongated legs toe the line - a completely unnatural position for the baby's still in the stomach, he used to roam freely.Many pediatricians note that since the "hard swaddling" no longer widely practiced, problems with the tone and general neurology in newborns was significantly less.
Treatment of dystonia muscle depends on the reasons, which have caused it.Drug treatment is rarely required.Experts estimate the tone of the baby, guided by not only the knowledge, but also their own intuition.If there is the slightest suspicion of physician qualifications, before you give your child the strong drugs, contact the person you trust.Sometimes the side effects of medications may do more harm to the body than with the tone of the problem..
But professional massage is useful and necessary, even perfectly healthy children.The mechanism of massage miraculous.When exposed to the skin along the nerve paths are sent multiple pulse streams.They reach the cerebral cortex and have a normalizing effect on the entire central nervous system and, accordingly, on the functions of all vital organs.
A good massage therapist (only necessary special children and always guided by a doctor's prescription!) "Find" problem zones and select the right set of exercises.Typically, massage is appointed by the kids after 1.5 months, and repeated several times.On average, 3-4 sessions of 10-15 cycles is enough to forget about the problems with the tone forever.
Rest we can only dream of a healthy child
peace contraindicated.All the time, except when he is asleep, the baby should be on the move: for a baby no more senseless than lying in bed.Daily charge - the best prevention and treatment of muscular dystonia.Charging can be done in the first weeks of life.The exercises are very simple:
- stroking handles, legs, back (without affecting the lumbar region;
- massage heels, palms, each finger and toes Special skill is not necessary to tender, with some effort, massage each finger on the legs and arms.., heels, palms This massage has a positive effect on mood and mother and baby It can be done on the changing table or lying next to the crumbs on the couch
For 3 months the baby can perform for a whole set of exercises -... select and display their needsmassage therapist or specialist in physical therapy. Especially useful lessons on the gym ball. Buy a large inflatable ball, gently lay him naked toddler (in the belly and on the back) and while holding the legs and head, and ride down -to top.
. indispensable for correcting muscle tone varied baths can alternately add sea salt to the water, extracts of various herbs: motherwort, chamomile or soothing collection.Also try this procedure: rye bran (they are sold in pharmacies and stores) put in a tight bag and immerse in the tub, keep it there for as long as bran does not swell.Such a bath is not only a positive effect on the muscles, skin, and is a natural source of vitamin C.
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