Rickets in infants
Childhood Diseases / / March 30, 2016
Causes rickets in infants
Some scientists propose to consider rickets is not a disease, but a kind of state on the verge of norm and pathology, caused by the rapid growth of the baby, why the body creates a deficiency of calcium and phosphorus, and most importantly - of vitamin D, responsible forabsorption of these minerals bones.Therefore rickets often also called growing pains.
First rickets exposed babies born weighing less than 3 kg, and premature.It is the accumulation of bone mass during the last months of pregnancy.The child, born before the 30th week, is born with a low mineral content in the bones.This is a symptom of rickets!That can also happen with the full-term baby, if at the end of pregnancy in mothers was toxemia (preeclampsia) or other health problems.
Mothers of preterm and LBW babies should be breast-fed them.For artificial feeding - an additional risk factor for rickets!Although the composition of the mixtures as close to breast milk and they are richer in vitamin D, from a food calcium and phosphorus digested worse.A deficiency of the mineral "bricks" to build bones leads to rickets.
contribute to its development and atopic diathesis, food allergies, exudative enteropathy, liver disease and biliary tract.Pay special attention to the prevention of rickets is necessary and if the infant receives some medicines which are administered to neonates to remove the seizure and excitement, as well as reduce the appearance of physiological jaundice.
These drugs reduce the activity of an enzyme that participates in the formation of the active form of vitamin D. Liver With its deficit falling levels of calcium in the blood, because of what the possible convulsions and even fractures, and by the end of the month if the child continues to take medication -the first symptoms of drug rickets.A mechanism able to run it as antagonists of vitamin D - glucocorticosteroid hormones, drugs administered for increased intracranial pressure, the aluminum-containing antacids, sodium bicarbonate, and blood transfusion.
inclined to rickets infants deprived of the opportunity to actively move: those who are tightly swaddled, or forced to be in a special design with hip dysplasia.When muscle activity is enhanced blood flow to the bone and, therefore, is better bone augmentation.The same effect gives a massage - it is doubly immobilized baby needs!
noticed that young citizens are subject to rickets much more than their peers who were born outside of the big cities: the dust and industrial emissions create a curtain of light that promotes the synthesis of vitamin D in children's skin.If your baby is at risk for rickets, in the first visit a pediatrician consult with him as to better protect the child from the disease of growth!