Childhood Diseases / / March 29, 2016
Otitis: causes otitis
middle ear infection, doctors most often associated with the crumbs left over colds and complications from them.Why children suffer the same basically the disease?This is due to the anatomical features of the body.
organ of hearing in children are much more vulnerable than adults.In its middle section in addition to the eardrum and auditory ossicles have (or Eustachian) tube that connects the ear to the nasopharynx.She is a child is shorter and wider than that of an adult.Because infection (mucus or pus) from the nasopharynx to the ear gets faster.When the pipe is clogged with mucus, this leads to a pressure in the ear cavity outcome variables and inflammation.
Otitis in the first year of life, krogda baby is mostly in a horizontal position, can provoke not only the infection, but even getting into formula or breast milk from the nasopharynx to the middle ear.With age
ear structure changes, inflammation and it occurs for other reasons.For example, after 1-2 years starts to grow adenoids.By 3-5 years they reach maximum size in response to infection inflamed increases and can even block the auditory tube.Among the causes of otitis media can also be:
- lack of natural immunity;
- predisposition to allergies;
- artificial feeding;
- pathology of bronchopulmonary system.
Symptoms of otitis
If your child 3 years old, he can already show on the tab that was bothering him.But the diagnosis of otitis media in infants is often difficult.It was then that you will be observation and intuition.The ears of the child fall ill, as a rule, a sudden and the evening.Mom should be alerted when there is obviously a hungry baby suckles and suddenly starts crying, wagging his head, anxious, throwing suck.Perhaps sucking movements aggravate the baby pain in the ears.
happens that a child's night fever (usually above 38 C, and sometimes up to 40 ° C).He begins to cry inconsolably, turn his head.Action: slightly nadovite on tragus - hryaschik, which Is located in front of the ear.And then the baby, feeling a lot of pain, try to dodge the mother's hands and burst into tears.Then, the crumbs exactly hurt the ears.Urgent call the doctor!
treatment of otitis media in infants
There are two common forms of otitis media: catarrhal inflammation in which no discharge and purulent , when flowing from the ear of the child.Symptoms of both one and the other may be a common cold:
- temperature (although in infants is not necessarily high);
- rapid breathing when the baby breathes the mouth.
most likely cause of the disease is associated with inflammation of the nasal mucosa.This will be a pain in the eye of an agent provocateur.Now your task - as soon as possible to cure nasal congestion.Interferon preparations are good only in the first few days to prevent infection.During this period, do not walk with your baby and do not bathe him.
morning wash your crumbs, wipe with a towel soaked in warm water, especially the forehead and neck, which can act potnichka.Carefully clean the cotton swab dipped in breast milk spout and drip medication that should not be cold.Before going to sleep better to vilify baby in her arms almost in an upright position, not to allow the mucus to get out of the spout into the ear.
Generally, treatment ends five days later, for a long time to apply the medicine is harmful.If you are breastfeeding your baby, he will recover quickly.Let only those medicines that are registered by the doctor, and watch the reaction of the child to them.Remember that an opening is formed through which the pus comes out when purulent otitis in the eardrum.Applying this case, an alcoholic solution, you will cause pain and your baby zatomozite membrane healing, which can lead to chronic otitis.It is necessary to avoid postraratsya.
After the peak frequency of acute suppurative otitis media accounted for by the age of 6 months.So, if a child has purulent otitis, do not cover the ear canal with a cotton swab - release should not accumulate in the ear, and come out of him!
When catarrhal otitis crumbs help any pre-warmed ear drops that are usually prescribed by burying 4 times a day.If they are not present in the house, drip 2-3 drops of boric alcohol, in extreme cases - vodka.After that, the auditory hole insert cotton wool.You can put a compress.
Take a large piece of cotton, a sore ear close them entirely (like headphones), put the top tight priligaetsya to-head cap, hat or tie up a scarf.Warming moist compress
is put on for 2-3 hours or overnight.Vodka or compress poluspirtovoy do if the body temperature is not higher than 37.5S.To prevent burns (children's skin is very delicate) Do not apply a compress on the ear misuse.The folded several times thick linen cloth or gauze make the cut on the size of the ear.Around it are soaked in warm compress fluid to the tissue covering the parotid region.On top of the fabric, apply a little more on the size of a piece of wax paper with the same cut, pribintuyte thick piece of cotton wool and tighten bonnet.Place the compress on the night even after the pain is gone.As drip drops?
Before starting the procedure, your ear should be cleaned of secretions.Drops warms to body temperature, or cold liquid will cause the child pain.To this vial omit (or pepetku) in warm water.Place the baby on the flank sick eye upward.With one hand, pull the ear up and back to straighten the ear canal and drip into the ear.Close the ear canal clean cotton swab and let the tip of the swab stick out.Let the kid will lie down in that position for several minutes.Then drip in the other ear.
The warmth and cleanliness
pain can be facilitated by heating the "blue lamp", but it should be used very carefully.The greater its capacity, the greater the distance from which the procedure is carried out.The duration of 5-7 minutes.For the prevention of diseases that place the child with one, then the other ear on a heating pad for 10-12 minutes.
When any form of otitis media, even if there is no cold, the baby need to bury vasoconstrictor nose drops for children (3-4 times a day).Otherwise, the infection can easily pass on the second ear.Better drugs are used as a spray.The drug acts only on the nasal mucosa, sprayed on it.Drops of the nose occur in the mouth and the stomach fall out.Aerosol better to inject a child 1 times, wait a few minutes, it is good to clean the spout, and then repeat the procedure.
To make the ear of pus, it is necessary to treat it with 3% hydrogen peroxide.In no case do not use a match or other sharp objects that can damage the eardrum or vulnerable skin of the ear canal.How to act?Twist of the fleece somewhat tight flagella and gently turning them, in turn enter into the ear canal until it is fully cleared of pus.
If only one ear hurts, put your baby to sleep on this side, to not accumulate in the ear discharge.In the horizontal position, the pain increases, because lift cushion angle 30-45S.For the prevention of disease of the nose to drip breast milk several times a day.Do not forget to clean once a week shelf ear.
When otitis, do not pull on a visit to the doctor!Nedolechennaya otitis can become chronic, which has to deal with much more complex.Antibiotics only temporarily relieve the process of development, shortly flaring up with new force.It helps complex treatment in combination with an active lifestyle, hardening and a special diet.
- Try as long as possible the helm of the baby in breast milk.
- When feeding Keep Kids in a position close to the vertical.
- Bathe baby only in a rubber cap.In the bathroom, try not to fill the ear with water and thoroughly clean it, if all the moisture got there.
- Together with your doctor, develop a reasonable program of hardening.This will increase the body's resistance to disease, including otitis media.
- Avoid uncontrolled use of antibiotics.Let them only on prescription.
- Teach your baby correctly vysmarkivatsya: closing one nostril and mouth open.Unlearning habits involve mucus.
- Clean ears no more (and no less!) 1 times a week.In a healthy ear is happening self-cleaning, and sulfur in reasonable quantities is bactericidal.Those who have ears hurt, it is not necessary once again to annoy them.Be careful and delicate with ears baby!
treatment of otitis media folk remedies
In chronic otitis patients experience an allergic reaction to many drugs.They are becoming very relevant grandmother's recipes tinctures and lotions of various herbs, endorses many pediatricians.
- for pain relief in inflammation of the middle ear should be 3 times a day to bury him in a warm infusion of peppermint leaves or her relatives - Melissa.
- analgesic and anti-inflammatory action has a tincture of calendula flowers or sweet clover drug.Bury it advised at least 4 times a day.
- for heating (after removal of acute pain) is recommended to enter into the ear warm lavender oil or rose hips.
- Accelerate healing eardrum calendula tincture or hazelnut husk.
- When inflammation of the external ear canal should be instilled into the ear of the infusion of the leaves of eucalyptus or barberry.At night, lay in the eye of the ointment prepared from the leaves of yarrow and calendula flowers.
otitis Otitis in children
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