Measles in children
Childhood Diseases / / March 28, 2016
As with other infectious diseases, measles in children usually occurs in autumn-winter and spring periods, although the disease are recorded throughout the year.And like any infection, measles and undermines the body provokes complications that are sometimes stronger than herself.Moreover, from a week to three a child can wear a capsule of this invisible and then get sick.The infection is transmitted by airborne droplets (talking, coughing, sneezing), by surrounding objects (toys, kitchenware) infection is not transmitted due to the low stability of the virus in the environment.
Yes, measles has matured, so the common perception is still a misconception of her childishness often leads to a delay of diagnosis and the spread of infection within families, schools and other groups.On the other hand, comforted by the fact that children under the age of measles rarely get sick due to the small number of contacts and to convey thanks to the immunity of the mother.But if the mother has not had measles and has not been vaccinated against it, the baby under unfavorable circumstances it may be ill.
Symptoms, treatment of measles
Everyone knows that the measles rash appears.But this is only the end of the week (a 4-6 day) the baby from head to toe in pink blossoms, and before that you can think of-guess what it is: the flu?bronchitis?conjunctivitis?intestinal poisoning?Because it really is a bit of everything.That sudden fever to 38-39S, there were abundant muco-purulent nasal discharge, hoarse voice, his eyelids swollen and reddened, dry tortured compulsive cough.There were abdominal pain, soft stools, cramped toes.
picture becomes clearer pediatrician, looked into the baby's mouth: grayish-whitish lesions the size of a poppy seed to the buccal mucosa in the molar teeth and gums - these are signs of measles.Additional picture of a typical for this disease blotchy rash.It "comes" excrescence: Day 1 - the area of the face and neck, 2-1 - the torso and shoulders Day 3 - legs and arms.Rash fades in the same order as comes, leaving traces of their crimes - brown pigment spots.The disease at this time is on the decline.
However, measles is not always proceeds as described.Sometimes it lasts and lasts, gathering with new companions.These evil companions - laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, otitis, stomatitis, encephalitis, polyneuritis, and others - are the cause of adverse outcomes.Normally measles cope at home, only hospitalized patients with severe illness or those who do not have appropriate conditions at home.
When treatment of measles is very important is the content of hygienic skin and mucous membranes.Several times a day to wash the eyes with warm boiled water or 2% sodium bicarbonate solution, and then 3-4 times a day to bury sulfacyl sodium or vitamin A Nose cleaned with a cotton swab moistened with warm liquid paraffin.Dry, chapped lips smeared with boric Vaseline or grease.Also, be sure your doctor is carried appointed medical therapy.
are ill should be for the whole period of fever comply with bed rest, they need to ensure the full, age-appropriate meals with plenty of liquid (tea, fruit juices, fruit drinks, liquid, jelly, fruit drinks, etc.).It is easier to carry measles patients who underwent prior immunoprophylaxis.Emergency immunoprophylaxis (in contact with measles patients) performed previously healthy and vaccinated children aged from 3 months to 4 years by a single intramuscular immunoglobulin (older - Special indications).
most reliable way to prevent the disease - vaccination of live measles vaccine in children aged 12-15 months followed by a booster at 6 years old.Contraindications for vaccination are the only acute infectious diseases, blood diseases, organic heart disease in the period of decompensation, acute nephritis, acute rheumatism and podstroy stages.
vaccination in most cases protects against measles, or contributes to facilitate its flow, and prevents long-term preservation of measles virus in the body ( "slow") infection, which in recent years associated with the development of some chronic diseases of the central nervous system (diffusedsclerosis).