Childhood Diseases / / March 27, 2016
Bacteria intestinal dysbiosis
intestine Baby - overriding authority.The way it operates depend on the health and mood of the little man.But today, more and more doctors give kids the diagnosis « intestinal dysbiosis ».
on the skin and mucous membranes of man home to hundreds of species of microorganisms.It is hard to imagine, but their numbers are many times greater than the amount of their own cells in our body.More than 60% of microbial diversity falls on the gastrointestinal tract, and the rest - on the respiratory and urinary systems (approximately equal).
microorganisms that live in the gastrointestinal tract, it is very important to humans as they line the mucous membrane of the internal organs, preventing the penetration of pathogenic bacteria and the development of infectious diseases, involved in the process of digestion and absorption of food components, micro-and macro, and themselves produce vitaminsand biologically active substances.
Normal microflora supports the human immune system - it stimulates the immune cells and prevents the development of food allergies.But the composition of the "kingdom" of microorganisms bowel heterogeneous: here live good bacteria necessary for man, bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, coliform bacteria, bakteriody, "neutral" bacteria without bringing the body no good, no harm and do not live long in one place,peptostreptokokki, clostridia, stafillakokki, Proteus, Klebsiella, veylonelly and "bad" bacteria that can be harmful.
Dysbacteriosis bowel is a condition in which the amount of beneficial bacteria is reduced and the "neutral" and "bad" - is increasing.Often these changes are temporary in nature: beneficial microorganisms themselves restore balance.If for some reason this does not happen, restore microflora is necessary with the help of certain drugs.
Causes of intestinal dysbiosis
Initially intestines baby is sterile.intestinal microorganisms The settlement begins when the baby during childbirth passes through the mother's birth canal.Once the outside world, the child "acquainted" with a lot of bacteria that live in the air, at the hands of the medical staff, on clothing, on the mother's body.
first flora consists of different organisms, sometimes specific to the intestine, but it gradually replaced the normal under the influence of specific growth factors contained in breast milk.That is why it is important as soon as possible put the baby to the breast after birth and as long as possible to stick to breastfeeding.
intestinal dysbiosis may develop in the infant due to involuntary admission child or nursing mother antibiotics, late initiation of breastfeeding or no breastfeeding, hypoxic-ischemic injury of the central nervous system of the child, as well as related dysbiotic changes in the body most mothers.
Children older causes intestinal dysbiosis may be poor nutrition, stress, receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics or other pharmaceutical products - hormones, cytostatics, the ecological situation in the place where the child resides.
Symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis
What are the main symptoms of dysbiosis ?On the part of the intestinal tract - a significant amount of stool with undigested lumps, unpleasant odor of feces, increased separation of foul putrid odor, rumbling, and abdominal pain, abdominal tension, straining, loss of appetite, frequent vomiting.
Dysbacteriosis intestine can slow down weight gain in the baby, and even loss of body weight.Status of internal organs affects the appearance of the child: the baby looks pale.The skin becomes dry and starts to peel off in the corners of the mouth appear cracks.Child worried about itching, allergic rashes appear on the skin.Sometimes the rashes appear on the oral mucosa, developing thrush.Baby often suffers from colds and "picks up" intestinal infections.
Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis
Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis is complex and lasts a long time.All therapy requires parents to have enough patience and thoroughness in taking drugs.The first stage of treatment - a reduction in or complete freedom from unwanted microorganisms.For this purpose, specific bacteriophages ( "tamed" viruses that affect a certain type of bacteria without affecting the others), intestinal antiseptics (act on the majority of opportunistic bacteria).
In severe cases, and the ineffectiveness of other means may even be treated with antibiotics.In conjunction with antimicrobial therapy using sorbents which bind and remove unwanted bacteria in the intestinal lumen.In order to facilitate digestion and absorption of food your child is prescribed enzyme preparations.
After getting rid of the intestine from the large number of unwanted micro-organisms begin to colonize it representatives of the normal microflora - bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.There are special drugs that perform the function of normal microflora and create favorable conditions for the growth of beneficial microorganisms.Do not experiment, pick up that medication that is appropriate for your child, the doctor can only.
analysis of fecal bacteria overgrowth
To diagnose intestinal dysbiosis are most often used:
- coprogram - a method that shows the degree of intestinal digestion of food components, as well as the presence or absence of signs of inflammation;
- seeding feces on conditional-pathogenic flora - an analysis that shows the level of "neutral" bacteria without regard to indicators of normal flora;
- crop of a feces on a dysbacteriosis - the method of determining the number of normal and conditionally pathogenic flora, as well as their sensitivity to different drugs.Of particular importance are the conditions of feces collection assays: it must be freshly harvested not permitted long-term storage in the air at room temperature) and sufficient (at least 5.10 g).Upon delivery fecal bacteria overgrowth need to stop taking drugs of the normal flora.
intestinal dysbiosisDysbacteriosis children
intestinal dysbiosis in infants
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