Asthma in Children
Childhood Diseases / / March 25, 2016
Asthma: Causes, symptoms, treatment in children
The problem of immune deficiency in a child faced by many parents today.This is largely due to environmental degradation, increasing acute respiratory infections.As a result, become more common allergic diseases in children, in particular asthma.
Asthma - a disease which is based on an allergic inflammation of the airways, leading to the development of acute bronchospasm and increased mucus secretion.These changes cause a violation of the obstruction of the bronchi - bronchial obstruction.The shape asthma divided into allergic (atopic) and non-allergic (non-atopic).
the form of atopic asthma attacks triggered by exposure to various allergens: house dust and its components, library dust, pollen of trees and grasses, pet hair allergens, food allergens.Children predominant form of atopic asthma - it is diagnosed in 90% of patients with this disease.Non-atopic form appears only in case of hypersensitivity to infectious allergens.
flow asthma divided into mild, moderate and severe, depending on the frequency and severity of attacks of bronchial obstruction and the need to use a variety of anti-asthma agents.The development of allergic asthma as the disease is largely determined by genetic factors.Up to 60% of children with bronchial asthma have relatives suffering from allergic diseases.But for the formation of asthma usually requires a combination of family history and exposure to adverse environmental factors.
pristupnaya nature of bronchial asthma is characterized by the frequent occurrence of paroxysmal cough, which is dry at first, and then followed by expectoration of viscous mucus.If a healthy child inspiratory duration equal to the duration of exhalation, when the duration of attacks of bronchial asthma exhalation twice the duration of inspiration.Shortness of breath accompanied by noisy wheezing, sometimes audible in the distance.
Older children may complain of a feeling of lack of air, a sense of compression in the chest area.The kids are getting restless, whiny, they have disturbed sleep.Pristupnaya period of asthma is often preceded predpristupny period during which children may experience stuffy nose, runny nose, cough, itchy skin rash.
Despite the fact that asthma not a congenital disease, yet there are cases of its occurrence in children of the first months of life.In addition to child in utero can influence such negative factors as smoking expectant mother, excessive consumption during pregnancy allergenic foods (fish, nuts, honey, chocolate, eggs, citrus fruits, strawberries, etc.), Infectious diseases, pregnantand its reception of various drugs.
After giving birth, one of the causes of asthma is the development of an allergy to house dust.The most allergenic mites have the ability to house dust, the maximum number of which is contained in the bedding, as well as various objects that collect dust - in carpets, upholstered furniture, stuffed toys.
Onset of the disease in children often have to pre-school age, while in most cases the first asthma symptoms appear before the age of three years.The most common asthma attacks occur against a background of acute respiratory viral infections.And it should be noted that boys suffer thickets than girls.Allergenic activity has hair and epidermis pets.The reduced indoor allergen concentration pet after removal occurs over the next few years.
proved significant sensitizing role pen poultry, used for stuffing pillows, as well as mold spores found in damp areas with pockets of mold on the walls.Exacerbations of asthma can be caused by exposure to allergens and pollen of trees, grasses, which in high concentrations found in the air in a flowering period (from April to September).Currently, it proved the link between viral infection and the formation of allergic diseases in children.
air pollution by-products of industrial and transport increase the risk of allergic diseases in children.Weather conditions - atmospheric pressure, rainy or freezing weather - can also trigger the development of attacks of breathlessness.One of the risk factors for a child is an adverse psychological climate in the family.A more severe course of bronchial asthma observed in children from families with chronic stressful situations, when there are conflicts in the family or school.
If treatment is scheduled late, it can lead to severe attack of breathlessness with respiratory failure, the emergence of a variety of pulmonary complications.Prevention of bronchial asthma in children with a family history of allergic diseases should be carried out with the first years of life.Avoid early introduction in the diet of babies vysokoallergennyh products.It should implement prevention of respiratory infections, conducted massages, tempering, physiotherapy, sports activities.
When the first signs of asthma in a child, seek medical advice as only a specialist can properly assess the severity of the baby and to choose the optimal treatment.Self-medication using pristupnaya period asthma herbal medicine, antibiotics, production of mustard plasters, can significantly worsen the condition of the child!
There are many medications that contribute to relief of asthma attacks (bronchodilators, antihistamines, expectorants, membrane and other drugs).But in each case only a doctor can prescribe appropriate treatment, not harm the baby.It must be remembered that after the normalization of the status of the child need to be examined by an allergist to identify the causes of bronchial obstruction and to develop individual system of preventive treatment, shown without exacerbation of the disease.
If a child is asthmatic, from the premises need to remove carpets, soft toys, extra soft furnishings, open bookshelves.Feather pillows, blankets should be replaced with synthetic hypo-allergenic bedding.An effective way to deal with allergens from house dust is the implementation of air filtration using air cleaners, use a vacuum cleaner with water filter.
can not keep domestic animals and birds as well as fish that eat dry food.Patients with hypersensitivity to allergens tree and grass pollen during flowering should limit the stay in country conditions.On the walk is better to go out after the rain, in the evening and early morning hours, when the air decreases the concentration of pollen.In a family where there is a sick child, you should carefully follow the hygiene requirements: the room should be clean, spacious, enough fresh air.