Allergies in Children
Childhood Diseases / / March 24, 2016
Food allergies in children
Recently, doctors say, almost the main question that parents ask them was the question of how to feed the child, and that can have a nursing mother to the baby did not have a food allergy.And all because of an allergy has become the scourge of our time.
Cause allergies in children in the genes
allergy can manifest itself not every child.For this to be so-called atopy - a hereditary predisposition to develop allergic disease.And if the family of someone suffering from allergies, it means that the child is at risk.In the first years of life the baby allergies more often on food, more often than cow's milk protein.Therefore, prevention of allergies is breastfeeding.
If a mother has no milk, and thus proved that the child is allergic to cow's milk protein, is used for feeding special mixtures - hydrolysates.Lure in this case is introduced later, the timing and diet determined by a physician.With age, the list of foods that cause allergies, can increase.And it manifests itself on the skin rash called atopic dermatitis.Most often it affects children up to three years.
character and appearance of the rash may be different, but they share one common element, which does not change with age - the skin itching, constant and painful.The kid always shows anxiety, irritability.He often cries, eats poorly, may refuse the breast.And at night the child is constantly itching and so the night someone had to sit next to him and hold his pen, so it does not combed rashes that can go to weeping eczema.
mothers diet for allergies in the child
future parents who themselves suffer from allergies in the first place concerned about the issue that they need to take to prevent the appearance of a child atopic dermatitis.Since allergy is the body's response to an external stimulus in the form of the allergen, the expectant mother must do everything to prevent the penetration of allergens into the body of an unborn baby.Therefore, during pregnancy, she needed to comply with a hypoallergenic diet.And we must continue to do so after the baby is born, if it is to breastfeed.
hypoallergenic diet - it's just difficult.Just because a long time has already compiled a list of foods that most commonly cause allergic reactions.For example, the mother should be excluded from your diet all red and orange, canned foods, strong broth, chocolate, citrus fruits.
A difficult - because in addition to the generally accepted food each person has their own specific products - stimuli.And identify the range of these products can be quite difficult.Here it is important to clinicians to determine which type of allergies have parents, and on this basis to develop a diet for the mother.Yet experts recommend pregnant women to exclude from its menu, the products that cause them discomfort, nausea.
To help your child, you need to develop a customized diet for him.To do this, in the arsenal of an allergist, there are different ways.One of them - the so-called food diary.Keeping it will require additional time mom, but it is an effective way to identify allergens.Driving a food diary is simple: every time it is necessary to record the date / hour, ate a child, and what was his reaction.You can not miss any of the things that hit the child in the mouth, even a small piece, which he stole from your table.Based on the analysis of the food diary allergist and make an individual diet for your baby.
to determine the allergen is also a test - a skin test, which conducts allergist.It can be done for children older than three years.Up to three years to carry out the test on the baby's blood to determine specific IgE.Both these methods are quite informative, but they have a common drawback - they do not always help to identify the allergen.Only a physician can decide which way the child needs examination in each case.
Treatment of allergies in children
If the baby atopic dermatitis, it needs medical therapy - both internal and external.Usually inside the doctors prescribe antihistamines second generation.Their active ingredients do not cause side effects such as drowsiness, dry mucous membranes, decreased learning ability.There are drugs that can be given to children from two years old, and preparations with active ingredient desloratadine can be given to kids since one year.
These drugs are very effective: they reduce the itching, swelling and flushing of the skin.As a result, the rash becomes pale and later can pass completely.In atopic dermatitis, you should not use herbs in the form of baths or creams.Only a doctor can help to understand the causes rashes and choose the right treatment.Treatment of atopic dermatitis should be comprehensive and include not only the diet and antihistamines, and topical treatment.
Outdoor therapy depends on many factors: the total area of skin lesions kid, on dry or moist eruptions, whether there is a local swelling.If the skin is dry to the peeling, it is necessary to further moisturize and if weeping - it is necessary to dry.Improving on the background diet and therapy - is a favorable scenario for the development of atopic dermatitis lung flow.But often the disease retsidiruet and amplified.Therefore, treatment is required to be not only complex but also time-consuming.