Child Development / / April 13, 2016
baby massage from the first days
massage Meaning Baby
Everyone knows that after the birth of the baby organs and systems are still in need of growth and development.This is especially true of the brain and central nervous system.It is proved that the pathways of the skin analyzer ripen early visual and auditory, and at the time of birth is already fully developed.
Since the first weeks after the birth of a child is most susceptible to the effects of the skin, massage we can stimulate the development of all organs and systems of the baby, and to a large extent of the central nervous system.
A newborn child, as a rule, there is a physiological hypertonicity - arms and legs bent, fists clenched, movement erratic, chaotic.Our task - to help the crumbs to balance the muscle tone, as soon as possible to start making meaningful movement, time to go through all stages of development.
First of all, you must choose a place for the baby massage .It must be hard enough broadside.Ideal - changing table.Cover the him a blanket, put the oilcloth and any clean or disposable diaper.The room should be well ventilated.The optimum temperature in the room - 18-22S.
Your hands should be clean, warm, with short nails.Watches, rings and other decorations must be removed.The time of the sessions (morning, afternoon or evening) is selected individually for each child.The main condition - the baby should sleep, as if he would want to sleep, exercise damage will turn out successful.
not forbidden to feed the baby if he is not asleep.Wait 10-15 minutes.let the kid otrygnet air, a little rest after a meal, and you can safely begin to massage.It's okay if a little child then srygnet - after a massage you feed him again.
For baby massage recommend using baby oil.Lubricate them with your hands, but not very abundant.During classes include music or sing yourself, or simply talk with the child during the massage.Learn a variety of funny poems, comment on their actions.Baby will follow the movement of your lips and remember everything, but when it begins to gulit, the first sounds to say, it is very useful to him.
necessary condition for a good lesson - your good mood!After all, the child reacts to the internal state of the mother.You must be sure that massage infant very useful - and then all the crumb will perceive positively.For a child to receive pleasure from the massage, you have to teach him to such pursuits. Massage for infant - this is a very big job.Therefore, it is necessary to deal with EVERY DAY, gradually increasing the duration and intensity of training.
child have to be naked - do not be afraid of cold handles, feet, nose.This is not an indication that the baby is cold.Check the back of the head if it's warm, it's all right.And hands and feet very quickly adapt and be warm at all times until the child is undressed.The very first lessons should be no more than 5-10 minutes.For 1.5-2 months training duration is increased to 30 minutes.
baby massage techniques
There are several rules that can not be broken:
- at massage the feet and hands, you can use techniques kneading and rubbing;
- for massage of legs, handles, back, yagodichek, chest up to 2-3 months, using stroking, light vibration and tapping.All of these techniques reduce the muscle tone, relax and stimulate blood and lymph circulation.
- movement during a massage the legs are made from the foot to the groin;
- at massage pens - from the brush to the axillary lymph nodes;
- at back massage - from the lumbar area to the back and to the sides of the spine;
- at massage yagodichek - from hip joints to the anus;
- at massage tummy - clockwise;
- at massage the breast - from the sternum to the sternum and shoulders of the side surface.
When foot massage Child avoid shocks in the knee joints, get the kneecap does not affect the inner thighs.When you go around the breast massage, breast cancer, and try not to touch the genitals during a massage the abdomen.It is impossible to produce a slap in the kidney area.Usually massage begins with handles or legs.The child lies horizontally.During the massage arms and legs should be kept in a state of mild polusgiba.
Massage is contraindicated in children:
- for all fevers;
- in purulent and acute inflammatory skin lesions, lymph nodes, muscles and bones;
- in diseases involving vascular fragility, or bones;
- in diseases accompanied by hyperesthesia (sensitive skin);
- in acute stages of different diseases (nephritis, hepatitis, tuberculosis, etc.);
- at hernias with a penchant for the infringement.
addition to massage the child
These simple steps you need to perform every day several times a day.
- If the baby pen clenched in fists, every day, regardless of massages, invest in palm crumbs of your finger.Thus, you will encourage the disclosure of her hands.Knead your fingers, draw a circle on the palm, thumb print out.The more you'll do it, the faster your child will rise to a new step in the development - it is ready to take to handle a toy.
- ground to exercise the child's feet, fingers on the legs.Thereby you stimulate a lot of active points on the foot, and thus activate the work of the various organs and systems.
- Knead ears crumbs for 30 seconds each, gently and carefully pull the ear lobe down 10-15 times.All these actions are aimed at improving the overall immunity.
- placing your arms and legs of the baby to the surfaces of the different invoice.Tapping, stroking hands and feet on a hard surface, touch the warm, cool, wet, dry, commenting on their actions.The kid then gets a huge amount of information for development.
- committed with baby smooth movements up and down, back and forth, in a circle.Movement should not be hard and fast!This guy is very useful, as the mild vestibular stimulation has beneficial effects on brain development.
- Wear baby around the house, telling what colors surround it, what smells, what subjects.
Take the left arm left leg of the child in the leg.The index and middle fingers of his right hand put on the back of the foot, creating a support.Thumb of his right hand begin to rub the soles - from the heels and back to Palchikov.Several times draw on the sole of the eight, seven.
Click on the middle of the foot under the fingers - fingers will flex;without lifting a finger swipe on the outer edge of the foot to the heel and press the middle of the heel - fingers straighten.This kind of gymnastics for fingers.
Rub the outer edge of the foot, knead (draw the spiral) in the same place, then do the same on the inner edge of the foot.Mash each finger.Rub and knead the arch and Achilles tendon.Be sure to tap the stack on a table surface - this leads to a decrease in the tone of the leg.Then proceed to massage the entire limb.
Stroking leg from the foot to the groin area on the front, side and rear surface 6-8 times.At the same time go around the kneecap.Now put your hand relaxed on the front surface of the legs and make a slight vibration.Then, two or three fingers of his right hand, follow a light effleurage on the outer surface of the legs, with the advance the hand from the foot to the hip joint.
Repeat this movement 3-4 times.Then repeat stroking and vibration repeatedly.Massage legs always finish stroking.Do the same on the right leg at the same time try to keep your right foot with your right hand and massage the left.
Then take the baby's left arm and leg and gently rolled onto his stomach.Do not be afraid, even a baby a few days old never choke in the prone position.The child is required to turn the crown on the flank to make it breathe.
Stroke from the heels to the buttocks right and left leg a few times.Stroke of heels to the underarm area on the body side surface of the right and left several times.Take the right kid in the handle area of the wrist and the right foot and pull up the river a little, and a little bit down the leg, that is, drag the crumbs.Do the same with the other hand.
Repeat this stretch a few times.This exercise is very useful for babies in the first weeks of life.Then proceed to massage the buttocks.
several times pat the palm of the right hand first one buttocks, then the second from the hip toward the anus.Gently pinch the buttocks.Once the right and left stroke.Take a slight poshlepyvanie yagodichek palms.Complete all the stroking.If the baby does not refuse to lie on the tummy, go to the back massage.
Stroke right palm right half back from the lumbar region to the hanger.Do the same for the left hand.Alternating movement, right and left, again stroking a few times.Then pat the back of the child's head from the buttocks to the back of the hand, and in the opposite direction from the head to the buttocks - palm.Repeat this movement several times.Stroke
palm side of the back surface of the trunk to the right and left simultaneously.Complete all stroking from the waist to the shoulders.Now the baby can be turned back to back, and begin to massage the abdomen.
start with stroking clockwise 5-6 times.Then we do a counter-stroking.Put your hands on the belly of the child as follows: the palm of the right hand on top of the left half of the abdomen, the back side of the fingers of his left hand - the bottom of the right half of the abdomen.And at the same time stroking down and the back of the fingers - up.Repeat 5-6 times, this movement improves peristalsis.
can do by stroking oblique abdominal muscles.Place the fingers of both hands under the lumbar region and direct hands toward each other, from top to bottom and front, fingers are connected above the navel.Repeat 5-6 times.
To prevent an umbilical hernia after two weeks (after complete healing of the umbilical wound) every day several times a day, pinch the skin around pupochka, collect pupochek in the crease with two fingers (pupochek thus must go inward folds) and be sure to turn the skin umbilical nodule.To do this, place the pad of the thumb nail in the navel down, lightly press your finger to the navel, and, without stopping, turn the finger nail up.Movement is performed for 1 second, and so 10-15 times in a row.
Place two fingers of both hands in the middle of the sternum.Work out at the same time stroking movements with both hands toward the right and left hangers (paint on the chest "tick").Also two fingers perform a circular motion around the breast (draw circles).Then swipe three fingers on the intercostal spaces from the end of the sternum to the side of the torso to the right and to the left (to brush the chest).Repeat the movement several times.
Put your left thumb in the left hand of the child, the other fingers grasp the upper arm, turn the baby on the flank.To handle relaxed, take a slight right hand effleurage or vibration.When the handle is relaxed, try to straighten it.Grasp the left handle all the fingers of his right hand and stroking a few times by hand to the armpit area.Effleurage vibration and repeat several times.Stroking primarily the outer surface of the handle.Then proceed to massage brush.
Knead each finger, bends the thumb outwards, thumb knead the hill several times, draw a circle on a palm.Shakes brush, spend it on the surface, tapping the brush on the various surfaces.
If you can not make the whole massage at once, do not worry!Start with individual body parts.First massage those who like baby - usually the legs and buttocks.Then, after a few days, start to massage the areas that are not very pleasant to the baby (back, breast, stomach).
not particularly like children massage handles.But to do it is very important, since it is usually more than the tone knobs, and two months pipsqueak have to pull in the mouth fist, hold a toy embedded in the handle.It all steps of development and they should pass in time.
Very gradually, but every day accustom the baby to massage .First, you can break the exercise into several parts (and do them throughout the day).But to a month and a half, try to make the whole massage, without any "grinding".During the lessons actively communicate with the little boy or little daughter, praise the child, talk gently, keep him happy mood.
baby massage necessarily have to be combined with exercises, with employment on a large gym ball and swimming in a large tub in the first weeks of life.Only this complex will give your crumbs powerful sound basis for life.Good luck and health to you and your children!
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05, 05, 2016