Exercise ball : exercise
Child Development / / April 13, 2016
Exercises on a gymnastic ball
birth of a baby - it's always a miracle.And we all want our children to be strong, healthy, strong, intelligent and happy.
Unfortunately, many parents, especially my grandmother (and many health professionals) believe that the newborn is very weak and at any moment can become sick.Therefore, it is necessary to create a comfortable environment - warmer, posytnee;God forbid, crumbs pull the handle or foot - suddenly something will come off or break.
Of course, all children are different, all strictly individually.Now we are going to talk about a situation where pregnancy and childbirth proceeded without a pathology, and the child was born healthy.It is necessary to understand and comprehend what the parents must do everything so that the baby has not lost the unique ability of the newborn to adapt to environmental conditions, because the whole life of the foundations laid in the first year, since the newborn period, that is from the 1st of the month.
very important way of life of the parents, the attitude to clothing, temperature, nutrition, sleep, celebrations and, of course, to the physical activity.Russian physiologist IMSechenov wrote that "the work of the muscles, the brain has a job", ie where the motor unit is in low activity, delayed and overall development of higher nervous activity.This is especially true for children in the first year of life.
Massage and "His Majesty" movement directly affects the growth of the brain in young children. Gym ball to practice with the kids used for a long time, but mostly recommend just jiggle, which undoubtedly is also very useful.Use a large gym ball (for feetball), and from an early age.
Now you need to choose a ball.The most optimum size ball - 75 cm in diameter.Such ball size makes it suitable for all family members.It is convenient to just sit and jump even adults.This reduces the load on the spine, relax the back muscles.
A gymnastics at such ball has a therapeutic effect on the entire body.Mothers it is useful for the recovery figure after childbirth.But for kids it can be used from birth up to 4-5 years, and for the game to continue.
gymnastic ball must be sufficiently robust and flexible to both you and your pipsqueak feel confident and calm.The stability ball is dependent on the quality of rubber, from which it is made, and the quality of the rubber is determined by weight, which can withstand the ball.On good balls manufacturing company always specifies this weight.The ball is stable if it maintains 200-300 kg.
Elasticity ball attached to latex.Usually gymnastic balls have a bright color - to select the color to your liking.The ball should be smooth, without "horns" and pimples.Do not skimp on the simulator for your baby.Once again - the ball must be stable.And you have to be confident in the safety classes.
So, you bought a ball.Inflate it with any pump (suitable manual or electric bicycle-pump).If there is no pump and can be inflated by mouth - just have to work a little longer.inflating do not need too much.Inflate so that the ball was quite elastic, soft and resistant.
first classes you can start with a 2-week-old (you and the baby already adapted the house, you have been got up slowly feeding, sleep and wakefulness, healed umbilical wound).Classes should be held not earlier than 40-60 minutes after feeding.
first lesson - short.First, you do have to get used to the ball.Sit on a chair or on the couch, put the ball in front of him.Cover it with a diaper and gently place your baby on his tummy exactly in the middle.Undress the baby first, not necessarily.If you feel insecure, let someone from the family initially insures you, holds the ball with his hands.
on gymnastic ball from birth!
- Swinging on a ball develops the vestibular system (an essential component of training with the child the first year of life).
- kid can make "passive" swimming like he used to do it in my mother's tummy.Thus, the crumb gets the necessary vestibular, visual and kinesthetic impulses.
- relaxing effect - in children from birth are usually prevails flexor tone. Exercises on a gymnastic ball relax the abdominal muscles, thereby improving digestion are fewer infant colic.If the abdominal muscles are relaxed, significantly improved breathing.
- Vibration - a kind of physiotherapy, which has analgesic effect, stimulating the adrenal cortex, liver, kidneys and other vital organs.
- on the ball with the birth you can do simple exercises, with the age of complicating it.At the same time strengthen and develop all muscle groups.Strengthening back muscles, especially around the spine, making it strong and flexible.It is a pledge of the normal functioning of the nervous system and the free distribution of nerve impulses throughout the body.
- Gymnastics on ball - interesting and fun to do.Catching an early age, very soon, you'll see content and happy attractive face of your baby as soon as he put on the ball.
Exercise gym ball 1
Place your right hand on the back of the baby and gently push it to the ball.With his left hand hold the left leg in the knee, his hand at the same time pressed against the ball.Thus, you'll fully control the situation.Start slowly shake the baby forward, backward, in a circle, a little vibrating.
carefully watch the crumbs, talk to it, sing a song, praise.This will give him the confidence.After 1-2 minutes, holding the ball down, gently turn the baby on her back.Again he put his right hand on his tummy, hold the left leg and repeat the movement.
If a child is worried at the first lesson, do not stop, repeat the next day, and later lay out the crumbs on the ball during the day several times.Gradually, you and your baby get used to such pursuits.
on the ball infant calms, relaxes, receives a light massage of the abdomen, back, better depart GAZ cars, no longer get sick tummy, normal stools, decreased flexor tone.Gradually increase the amplitude wiggles and spins.Before classes can be made light, stroking massage, useful lessons on time to undress the baby - then you and air baths, and tempering.
training time on the ball is not strictly set.If you and the child gets pleasure from it, go in during the day as you like.Up to 1 month, rocking and spinning on the ball, both of you adapt to the lessons on such a simulator.From the 1st of the month lessons can be complicated.Now, all exercises are performed while standing in front of the ball.
| Exercise gym ball 2 |
First try to remove his hand from the back and abdomen.At the same time hold the baby with both hands for the legs in the knee joints.Learn to feel comfortable with such support, shaking crumbs, rotating and vibrating.
| Exercise gym ball 3 |
then gradually learn to tear off your hands away from the ball, slightly lifting the legs of the child.The most important thing - to do everything slowly and carefully.Gradually, lifting the baby legs, his sway, with emphasis on the upper torso sections in position on his stomach.Then put the crumbs on his back and repeat.
| Exercise gym ball 4 |
increasing amplitude swaying and holding the baby for the knee, and then only at the ankles, try more and more to lower his head down.Do not be afraid of the situation upside down.Accustomed in position on the tummy baby will train the muscles of the cervical spine, longer, better and more confident to keep your head.The muscles of the back and spine while also engaged and strengthened.
in position on the back of the head down position reduces flexor tone.Hands are relaxed, straightened, dropping the tone of the brush, fingers are revealed.Accustomed to the provisions upside down for a short time delay in wyssachen, with a little shake baby, vibrate on the ball, relax.
| Exercise gym ball 5 |
When you are comfortable with visami upside down, you can try to keep the child only by the handles.Since this is a bit more complicated, ask relatives at first hedging you.
kid lying on the back.Pick it up by the handles in the region of the wrist or attach it in your palm thumb.Congenital grasping reflex will allow you to grip the brush crumbs.As before, first of all get your hands on simple swinging (begin very cautiously, gradually increase the range of motion).
If the child handles pretty good unbend, achieve full lift arms up in the movement.Feet while freely hanging down.Hold this position for a while.Relax baby, shaking and vibrating.Gradually Get full extension feet along a ball and full extension of the spine.Over time in the supine position can perform any hand movements: up, down, "the mill", crossing on the chest.
| Exercise gym ball 6 |
Having mastered these simple exercises for the 2nd month, you can move on to more difficult exercises.The child lies on his back.You stick to it by the legs in the knee joints, and if you feel confident - only in the ankles.Try slowly and carefully to do the following: bringing the baby to her, bend his legs at the knees and push to the tummy and when moving away from you straighten your legs.Repeat the exercise several times;gradually increasing the amplitude and speed of the swing.Now try the same movement at first only the right, then the left foot only.We obtain a kind of "bicycle" on the ball.
| Exercise gym ball 7 |
baby lying on his stomach.With your right hand, hold it in the lumbar region, and the left try to put in a pose "frog".In this position swing the forward, backward, vibrate on the ball.It is not only relaxing, but also very useful for the development of the hip joints.
Exercise gym ball 8
baby lying on his tummy.Hold the handle (as in exercise 5).Swaying forward, backward, slowly lift the handle of the shoulder girdle and chest.Received the "fish" on the ball.Gradually dilute pen in hand, while lifting the baby.Will "swallow" on the ball.
At the 3rd month exercises on gym ball should further complicate and diversify.The position on the abdomen is useful to bend and unbend legs, hold the baby in one leg, then another, holding it by the handle, lower down, do jumping movement, training thus support the entire foot.
When pipsqueak learn to grab things, you can throw on the floor a few small toys, and you will see how he will take your first one and then both handles of the ball, trying to take a toy.Your activity will become a merry fun.
in position on the back, you can sit down baby, bend and unbend legs straightened, make turns left - right;after a while begin to teach a child to roll from back to stomach and back, and even a little later - to sit down.
Toddler must be taught to roll over, sit, crawl, and when he will wake up on their own - to go right.Do not wait until the toddler starts to do it yourself.The more we bother our children, the better is their development.
need to be engaged for 10-15 minutes daily on gym ball .After such a class is very useful for a swim in the bathtub.Given that the activity starts with a light massage (10-15 minutes), plus 10-15 minutes of swimming, all you will have to go from 20 to 40 minutes a day (just!).But what benefit will get a baby!
body little man quickly responds to such classes.The results will be noticeable almost immediately.Scarce become more active, stronger, cease to be afraid of changing the position of his body, he will improve sleep and appetite, he will get a positive emotional charge.
gymnastic ball also very good for practicing with the kids, which there is any neurological (hyper, hypotonia, etc.) or orthopedic pathology (torticollis, hip dysplasia, etc.).In these cases, a class should only be a specialist, or you after going through the course.
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