Immunity in children
Child Development / / April 06, 2016
first month of life - a serious test for the crumbs of the immune system.But she is just being formed.A child is born sterile.Mom microflora is not for him because of the danger of protective antibodies transferred through the placenta and enters the milk.
Microbes hospital far less harmless and opportunities to confront them in a little kid: own antibodies the immune system is not yet works out, the terrible cells - "eater" of pathogenic agents (phagocytes) is behaving too timid, do not show sufficient activity and protective proteins.
Even small local process, such as a pimple on the skin abscess or umbilical wound, in this age of rapidly affects the entire body, leading to pneumonia, blood infection and other dangerous complications.
To reduce contact with microscopic inhabitants of the hospital, the newborn trying to write home already on the 3rd day.In the native walls of the young newcomer attacks microflora apartment and its inhabitants - to adapt to it requires at least amonth.
But at 5-7 day in a child's blood dramatically increases the number of lymphocytes - the only protectors available in the location of the immune system.It is difficult to keep crumbs from infections if a "home" of bacteria, fungi and viruses are attached "alien".And there are more, because gaining momentum pilgrimage of relatives and friends.So set aside the bride at least six weeks.
second period of the weakening of protective forces observed in 3-6 months.By that time, the child's body ends stock antibodies transmitted mother through the placenta, and increases its susceptibility to influenza viruses and colds, intestinal pathogens, and childhood infections.In infants, they occur without typical symptoms and do not provide proof of immunity.This means that the baby can re-flu, measles, or chickenpox, which had just suffered.
order not to cause harm to his health, firstly, not invite to the house of strangers, and secondly, breastfeed - your milk will help the baby partly compensate for the lack of antibodies which protect it against infections and protect againstthe development of food allergies, which most often occurs in these months.
third period, when the child's immune system is again not up to par, it is necessary at the end of the first year of life.Baby begins to walk, showing interest in other children.Contact with the outside world expands, and the local immunity of the mucous membranes of the respiratory and digestive systems have not yet entered into full force, due to which increases the risk of recurrent viral and bacterial infections.Avoid this help tempering procedures, swimming, and breastfeeding.