Child Development / / April 04, 2016
16 myths about breastfeeding
You probably have heard that many women often do not have enough milk, that feeding breast is accompanied by pain and generally harmful towomen;that summer child needs extra amount of liquid ...
pediatrician Jack Newman wants to dispel the 16 most common myths about breastfeeding before you fall under their influence.
1. "Many women body produces enough milk."
not true!The vast majority of women in the vast milk is more than enough.In fact, it is common even an overabundance of milk.And the reason that some children grow slowly or losing weight is not that the mother does not have enough milk, and that his children do not get enough of them.The main reason for this is that the child incorrectly applied to the breast - which is why it is so important to show the mother on the first day of feeding, how to do it properly.
2. "It is normal that breast-feeding hurts."
Although some tenderness the first few days is normal, this is just a temporary phenomenon, which lasts for several days and can never be so severe that the mother dreaded the start of the next feeding.Any pain, which can be called more than "soft, silent", is abnormal and is almost always arises from the fact that the child is wrong to put the chest.Any nipple pain that continues unabated after 3-4 days and lasts for more than 5-6 days, can not be ignored.A new onset of pain after all is adjusted, can be caused by infection of the nipples.Limiting the time of breastfeeding in this case does not prevent them from pain.
3. "no (or insufficient) of milk in the first 3 or 4 days after birth."
Often it only seems so because of the fact that the child is not attached to the breast properly, and when he's just not able to get the milk in the right quantity.This explains the lamentations such as "but he was at the breast for 2 hours and is still hungry when I remove the chest."Because of this, the child can not receive and the first mother's milk - colostrum.Anyone who offers you to express milk, knowing how many important substances for the baby at the same time you lose, does not understand breastfeeding, and should be politely ignored.
4. "The child should be kept on the breast 20 (10, 15, 7, 6) minutes on each side."
This is wrong.However, we must distinguish the concept of "keep on the breast" and actually " breast-feeding."If the baby is actively sucking on one breast for 15-20 minutes, he may not want to take another.If he sucks a minute one breast, and then the "nodding" or sleeps, and does the same with the other hand, time is not a big deal.The child is saturated with better and longer if he put to the breast correctly.It can help to feed longer if the mother compresses the breast by hand, giving the milk flow when the baby sucks not himself.Thus it is clear that a rule under which "the baby gets 90% of the milk in the first 10 minutes of feeding," hopelessly wrong.
5. "In hot weather the child needs additional water (generally liquid)."
not true!Breast milk contains all the water a baby needs.
6. "Children who are breastfed, require additional quantities of vitamin" D "
It is not, except in extraordinary cases, when a deficiency of vitamin" D "was observed in the mother during pregnancy.
7." Mothers should washnipples each time before feeding. "
on the contrary, it is artificial feeding requires careful observance of cleanliness, because not only does not protect the child from infections, but is itself a fertile ground for bacteria and can easily be contaminated. Breastfeeding is the milk protects the baby against infection. Washing nipples before each feeding makes it unnecessarily complicated and washes away protective oils from the nipple
8.. "Expressing - a good way to know how much milk the mother."
Wrong Number of expressed milk depends on many factors, including the state!the mother (mental equilibrium, pressure, etc.). A baby who breastfeeds well can get much more milk than his mother can express.
9. "Breast milk does not contain enough iron."
iron for the needs of the baby in breast milk is enough.If a child is born in time, the iron from mother's milk to him would be enough, at least for the first 6 months.Artificial nutrition contains more iron, but it is necessary, to ensure consumption.The fact that iron in artificial nutrition poorly absorbed and most of it is not a child learns and simply throws naturally.Generally, there is no need to add anything to the first 6 months of life in the mother's milk.
10. "feed from a bottle easier than feeding."
It is not true, or, more precisely, it should not be true. Breastfeeding can be difficult because women often do not receive the necessary help and do not know how to feed the baby properly.Poor start can really complicate a lot, but it can be overcome.Sometimes it is difficult only initially and generally it becomes easier with time.
11. " Breastfeeding binds a woman."
It all depends on how you look at it.A child can be fed anywhere, anytime breast-feeding on the contrary frees woman.No need to lug with a bottle or packets of artificial nutrition.No need to worry about where to warm milk.No need to worry about the sterility, do not have to worry about the baby, because he with you.
12. "It is impossible to know how much milk the baby receives."
fact, difficult to measure how much milk a baby receives, but it does not matter if he gets enough.All right, if the child is actively drinking a few minutes at each feeding (mouth is open - pause - suction with mouth closed).
13. "Modern artificial nutrition is almost identical to human milk."
not true!The same is claimed in 1900 and earlier.But modern medicines only superficially similar to breast milk and artificial feeding any approximation to the original advertised as a great achievement.Essentially, it is inexact copies based on outdated and incomplete knowledge of what a breast milk.Artificial milk does not contain antibodies, live cells, enzymes and hormones.It is much more aluminum, manganese, cadmium and iron than in breast milk.It is significantly more protein with fats and proteins differ greatly in composition from the same components as those in breast milk.Artificial milk does not change the composition of the beginning and the end of the feeding, from the 1st day of the 7th or the 30th, or from one woman to another, from one child to another ... your breast milk as it is adapted to all the needs of precisely yourchild.Artificial milk is designed to meet the needs of any child (ie, "no specific").Artificial milk provides a good growth of the child, however, breast-feeding function is much broader than just providing good growth.
14. "If the mother has an infection she should stop feeding feeding."
not true!With a few rare exceptions, the child will be protected if it is continuing breast-feeding.After all, at the time when the mother felt the fever (or cough, vomiting, rash, and found, etc.), it is already handed over the baby the infection, sincecontinued feeding is already being infected and not knowing about their illness.The best protection for the child against infection is to continue feeding feeding.Even if he gets sick, then in a much milder form than when you stop feeding.Besides, maybe it was the child handed the mother infection, although he himself did not have signs of the disease, because it is fed breast milk.Breast infections, including acute inflammation of the breast, though painful, are not the reason for the termination breast feeding - moreover, the infection goes away quickly with continued feeding.
15. "If a child has diarrhea or vomiting, the mother should stop breast- feeding."
not true!The best medicine for the treatment of children's intestinal disease is breast milk.For a short time, cease to give any other food, but continue to breastfeed.Breast milk - the only type of fluid that is required to child during diarrhea and / or vomiting (except in extraordinary cases).
16. "If the mother is taking medicine she should not breastfeed."
* There are very, very few medications that a breastfeeding mother can not take safely.Only very small amounts of most drugs appear in breast milk, but usually they are so insignificant that it is not worth paying attention to.If some medicine is indeed a potential threat to the child, there are usually equally effective, but safe substitutes.* - In our view, during lactation need to take medication all the same with great care, carefully read the annotation and consulting with a specialist.(Note Ed.)
16 myths about breastfeeding.Jack Newman, a professor of pediatrics (USA)
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