Child Development / / April 03, 2016
Breastfeeding: how long?
If you decide on a long breast-feeding, it is important to take into account a lot and think.As an experienced consultant advises?
modern nursing woman faces a lot of misinformation about breastfeeding with negative social pressure and a variety of other factors that undermine its decision and the desire to feed feeding.
And if Mom still, despite everything, continues to feed the baby with her milk, and after a year, she has to listen to all kinds of "horror stories" about the dangers of breastfeeding «big" children.
This negative attitude - a direct legacy of the twentieth century.One hundred years ago, no one was surprised that children get mother's milk up to 2-3 years.Our grandparents remember that the lactation process - the best contraceptive (the hormone prolactin, which is responsible for the production of milk and suppresses ovulation).But with the 30-40-ies of XX century, when the ideal woman was not the devoted wife and mother, and shock worker labor front, opportunities to feed the baby for a long time became less and less.
In the middle of the last century, leave to care for an infant was 1 month.The consequence of the lack of breast-feeding was the deterioration of the health of the younger generation.Health is not only physical but also psychological: the children who did not know my mother's breast , are more prone to depression, behavior problems in adolescence and the difficulties in establishing a family life.
That is why the World Health Organization began to pay close attention to breast-feeding .Many studies on the composition of human milk collected materials about the impact breastfeeding on child development, wrote a manual for health workers and mothers brochures.
Together with UNICEF (UN Children's Fund) have been developed and put into action "10 steps to successful breastfeeding", was born the initiative to create safe conditions in hospitals to establish lactation ( "Hospital Baby Friendly").
refuted many false theories about feeding breast, called the minimum life expectancy of breast period in the life of the baby: 2 years ... Of special mention is the availability of tangible evidence of the use of long feeding -feeding for mother and baby and the lack of scientific evidence about the dangers of prolonged breastfeeding.
If some experts say that it is bad - require reference to the research.And rest assured: nobody you do not provide.Medically confirmed data about the negative effects of feeding breast after a year does not exist!
Breastfeeding after a year
Word that after a year in human milk is not anything useful - a myth.Studies show just the opposite.The fat content of breast milk after a year of feeding increases by 2-3 times.
number of antibodies with the growth of the child is growing, as the content of immunoglobulin A.
The level of the substances responsible for the maturation of the gastrointestinal tract crumbs.In the second year of life, 448 ml of breast milk provide energy demand - 29%, protein - 43% calcium - 36%, and the need for vitamin A - 75%.Requirements for folate (folic acid derivatives) are met at 76%, vitamin B12 - 94%, and vitamin C - 60%.
Other data show the effect of a long breast-feeding on IQ: greatest achievements have been in infants fed the longest.
was found between duration of breastfeeding and successful social adaptation in the 6-8 years of age, when the child goes to school.Babies older than one year rarely suffer from allergic diseases.Their immune system is more stable, and in the event of illness recovery period is shorter than that of their peers who are not receiving Mamochkin milk.
occurs last change of the composition of the milk, its task - to prepare chest to stop feeding (protect from infection, recover doberemennuyu form) and to prepare a functional child's body systems (endocrine, immune, nervous, and others) to parting with my mother's milk.
lactation involution may occur in the toddler age from 1.5 to 2.5 years.
People never a nursing baby or feed for long, usually with the words « breastfeeding » represent it like this: Mom looks at his watch and realizes that "it is time."Take the crumbs on his hands, arranged in a secluded place and gives chest .Then Mama takes chest and goes to express the milk residues.
In their imagination appears the baby the size of a newborn, and not the slider 2-3 years, who can speak and have their own adult meal!And the process of feeding seems just like mom initiative in relation to the child (it was time - offered chest).
In reality, the opposite is true.The initiative usually belongs to the kid.child requirement - the basic principle of natural feeding.Requirements that satisfies a child sucking breast , incredibly diverse!
Breast milk - is not only a means to stave off hunger.The composition of milk includes substances that help to ripen all functional systems of the body (eg, a substance for the development of the nervous system and brain), anti-stress and pain relief hormones, antibodies that protect against disease, substances having morfepodobnuyu structure and help detke sleep, unique polyunsaturated fatty acidsregulating processes of excitation and inhibition in the central nervous system.And a lot of other essential elements.
Mamochkin milk - a miracle of nature, designed to meet all the needs of the growing organism.That is why it is so important to a request for sucking give the child chest , and not "cheat" his pacifier as if there is some abstract "sucking reflex" that does not have a particular application to a particular intended nature of the subject to sucking, and to meet which can be suckinganything ...
that is why it is important not to separate the child from the breast before he let her go.The exception is a situation where sucking causes pain in the nipples.This is the first sign of poor attachment to the baby's chest .
In this case, it is necessary to remove from the mouth and offer it again, trying to capture the radius of the areola was at least 2-3 cm from the base of the nipple.
So, it is important to feed the baby with her milk for as long as it is necessary: one, two, three ...
Breastfeeding on demand
Please attach to your chest expresses pipsqueak, depending on age, Thereforedifferently.
Newborn shakes his head and opens her mouth in search of the nipple.It may be their desire through the anxiety and pohnykivanie or crying.A child older already delivers certain, clear signals to mum.
Babes after a year you need to teach "the code" word (eg "yum-yum", "eat"), that the baby will speak, if he needs the mother's milk.
mode feedings associated primarily with the rhythms of sleep a child.The longest and full feeding - when falling asleep and during sleep.Newborns sleep almost round the clock - hence the sucking chest they are almost constantly.
are 2-3 distinct daytime sleep 6-9 months in a child.So suck breast is much less!After a year of children go on a one-time naps.If mom around, baby put to bed with feeding.If the mother is not at home, fine crumb sleeps with another man, whom he knew well.
Reasons for applying to the chest , described in paragraphs 4 and 5 (see table.), Easily adjusts itself mother: there is no reason for discomfort - no requests for sucking from a baby.
A child older than one year stored, usually 8-12 daily attachment to the breast .Awake, baby sucks briefly: as much as is necessary to overcome the difficulties.It can be a few seconds and a few minutes.It may be a desire to "drink" adult food.
night mode Sucking remains unchanged until the moment of weaning breast .Especially the kids eagerly suck in the morning: it was at this period was the peak of prolactin.To my mother could fully relax at night, it is important from the beginning to learn the safe position for the feeding lying - those that allow it to quietly doze off until the baby sucks the breast .
Tot, who is at the stage of weaning, reduced the number of attachment to 1-3 per day.He already knows how to fall asleep without the breast.Its main food - the same as that of the mom and dad.To overcome various stress hormone and nervous system of the child is no longer in need of a soothing composition of mother's milk.
Brain volume reaches 80% of the adult brain volume.It completed a fundamental stage in the formation of the maxillofacial unit (occlusion, articulation, diction, foreign loveliness).Gastrointestinal tract can fully operate and develop further without the help of breast milk.
Got out - thanks to feeding at the breast rather quietly and painlessly - all milk teeth.Kid talks about himself in the first person (the appearance of speech pronoun "I"), which marks the completion stage of psychological separation from the mother and the birth of a new consciousness.
Typically, all of the above occurs after the child is 2 years old.
How to respond to the "horror stories"?
very quietly.At any criticism in your address about feeding baby breast soak a small pause, gather my thoughts and try as much as possible in advance harvested benevolent answer phrase.
Reassuringly for others will hear words like: "Thank you for your trouble.I certainly think about what you said ... "Or you can refer to the doctor's recommendation:" In our situation, the doctor said that this is - the only way out ... »
At the time of the dispute, will likely not be able to calmly explain scientific arguments about the benefits of breast feeding after year.Therefore it is better to engage in "literacy campaign" surrounding the discussions before the emotional behavior of your child.
may not yield to provocations and not to join in the discussion, ignoring the unpleasant questions for you.If you have a well-developed sense of humor, use it to neutralize condemning remarks: "Oh!My dream is to feed the baby up to the army!? I have such beautiful breasts as he can give it up, "And it happens that a nursing mother and do better not to advertise that the child continues to receive its milk - it is a lot of women come to such a decision.
Psychologists say ...
Feeding baby breast after year is an important educational moment.The close emotional bond that occurs during breastfeeding has a positive effect on the establishment of a trusting relationship with her mother.And because kids are growing empathetic, attentive and obedient, and that may be more relevant for the education of the moving slider and curious!
deep attachment to the mother helps the child to learn it is her outlook on life, which will play a positive role in the transition to adulthood.
Social adaptation is much more productive than the "no infants' children.Baby, do not prematurely lost touch with her mother, is more open to the world, more confident it works, feeling behind him a strong rear.With such a child is very convenient to travel: the milk is always with you, and therefore food and drink always available to kids.
not have to create special conditions for sleep - just enough to make crumbs to breast .At night, the baby sleeps in the same place where my mother, allowing you to save on the purchase of a separate children's sleeping place.
If you plan to give birth to another child, the long feeding older, you get a chance to protect yourself from the problems of jealousy between the children.After all, the more completely you have satisfied the basic needs of love and care for the older child, the less he has reasons to resent you in the future.
What gives long breast-feeding a young mother?
- "Rest" for the reproductive system.One-third of women does not resume ovulation during the entire period breast-feeding.Especially effective contraceptive effect have the night sucking.
- moms, breastfeed more than 2 years, 54% less chance of breast cancer compared to women, fed up to 6 months.
- similar picture with ovarian cancer.Long feed mom is less exposed to the risk of occurrence of cancer.
- Promotes weight loss.For milk production consumes 400-600 calories daily!
- Completion of breastfeeding against the backdrop of lactation involution.In short: the involution - is the final stage in the reproductive chain "conception - pregnancy - labor - to develop a transitional milk - mature lactation."
Several varieties of breastfeeding
- Sucking chest when falling asleep.Especially long in the first six months after childbirth.The composition of milk includes elements that help the baby to sleep and create a healthy attitude towards sleep.This is the most nutritious feeding , since the rear milk, a fat and calorie starts ingested baby after 10-20 minutes after the start sucking, and while falling asleep lets pipsqueak chest in average minutes after 30-40 minutes.
- Night applying.Needed to produce my mother enough milk.Full stimulation of the hormone prolactin in the production of the desired amount of baby milk includes at least 2-3 night sucking.
- applying on waking.After sleeping baby as it again "born" into the world.Safely cross the border between sleep and wakefulness also helps unique composition of breast milk .
- Sucking to eliminate breast discomfort (pain, fear, disease, unusual taste "adult" food, fear of the dark, postpartum stress, stress associated with various life situations, etc.).
- Sucking chest to make up for the lack of bodily and emotional contact with his mother (mom rarely picks up, a long time is not at home, pays little time to communicate with the baby).
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