Child Development / / March 27, 2016
Some babies are born too soon - for a period of 20 to 37 weeks.For obvious reasons, they are born not quite mature, and therefore need special care.The most important and the first advice that can be given to mothers who gave birth to a premature baby , - by all means try to keep their milk.Even if the baby will be a long time in the incubator and fed through a drip, still express and store milk, it is necessarily useful to the child.
Breast milk is able to compensate for injuries sustained at birth, and protect the baby from various infections.And hurt a premature baby is extremely undesirable: in contrast to the children who were born in time, premature harder to tolerate even the banal colds.Another factor that determines the need for feeding immature infant feeding, is a feature of the digestive system of the child.
Because of her unformed may have problems with food intake in different parts of the stomach, which is not at feeding mother's milk.Besides the necessary caloriesnewborn in large quantities, for rapid weight gain, and for the body's own heat.So mom will have to be patient, because feeding a premature baby who is poorly developed or absent sucking reflex may take quite a long time.
physical development of premature infants
Premature babies in the first year of life behind and physical and psychomotor development.But there is a good chance to catch up.To do this, doctors prescribe massage and exercises to be carried out with the babies.In the first months of life of the unborn child's life before the skin is very thin and fragile bones.Therefore, the first thing that prescribed child - is stroking massage that promotes relaxation of muscles.
But it do not begin with the birth, and about the second month in a period of two minutes.Later, when the baby put on weight and a little bit stronger, added to other massage techniques -. Light rubbing, effleurage, etc. Premature babies are often absent or poorly expressed some reflections inherent in a healthy newborn.To activate them, assign acupressure.His start to do almost from birth - as soon as it revealed the absence of a reflex.
Despite modern technology, professionalism of doctors and excellent medical care, the best way to "ripen" a premature baby - contact with the mother.Her warm voice, touch, care and dedication and patience are able to have in the first year to ensure the development of the baby in the normal range.In the West, premature infants often hung mother's chest - it allows bodies of mother and baby "himself" to synchronize the heart rate, set temperature balance, promotes psychophysical development of the child.Therefore, at the earliest opportunity take the baby in her arms, hugged him, stroking, put yourself in the abdomen or chest.The more time a child is to be with his mother instead of a sterile incubator, the faster he will catch up with their peers.
Special care for premature babies
- The room where the newborn, to maintain a certain temperature - 22-25S.The skin of a premature baby is too thin and does not provide the necessary heat to it.However, preterm infants in the first months of life is not only easy to freeze, but quickly overheat.Therefore, seeking to create your baby the most comfortable conditions, it is important not to overdo it.Do not forget to ventilate the room your baby while you are with him on a walk.
- When bathing a premature baby should also observe the temperature regime.The optimum temperature in the bathroom about 25 ° C, and the water in which the baby and that he poured, should not be colder than 37 ° C.
- Given the beneficial effects of water on the development of a premature baby, very good to start with him in swimming lessons.This type of hardening will quickly gain the cherished weight, get rid of the signs of immaturity and resist various diseases.
- Try to limit the baby's contact in the first months of life.His immature organism is not yet able to resist external infections.For the same reason carefully sterilize teats.In general, keep the baby in the room clean.
- swaddled baby in a warm, freshly ironed or warmed on the battery diapers.The baby should always feel the warmth and comfort.
- Bones premature baby is very fragile, and chest - is weak, so do not swaddle him too tight.
- Walking out useful to any child, but especially in a premature.Only if the summer on the street, you can spend an unlimited amount of time in the winter walks can be started with only two months of age and not more than two hours a day.