Nutrition during pregnancy
Pregnancy And Childbirth / / August 12, 2017
Nutrition during pregnancy monthly
Mom should keep in mind that everything she eats, "eats" and her child.Therefore pregnancy - it is an occasion to announce the 9-month-old "fight for quality" food.
Spirits from this point is prohibited.Consumption of caffeine better limit (not more than two cups of coffee or tea four cups per day).In the 1 st trimester, when there is a bookmark of the central nervous system is very important folic acid (vitamin B9).Lack of folic acid provokes various pathologies neural tube and contributes to the development of iron deficiency anemia in the mother.
On the day you need to get at least 600 mg of folic acid: it is found in liver, beans, beets, avocados, celery, fish, nuts, asparagus, spinach.
30% of expectant mothers suffering from morning sickness.The mechanism of toxicity is still poorly understood, but noted that it often occurs in women, nutritional proteins that are lacking.Do not provoke vomiting and abundant fatty foods.Eat every2 hours, but in small portions.Eat breakfast in bed, keep nearby apple or cookies.Avoid unpleasant cooking odors.Do not wash down food and give up on the soup from time, but in general, try to drink more: the fruit juice or fruit compote easily digested and make up for the lack of carbohydrates in the body.
If early toxicosis is accompanied by vomiting, is no reason to sound the alarm (exception - uncontrollable vomiting more than 6 times per day).The child still take all the necessary for growth substances from the mother's body.However, the mother in this case will be in difficulty.But, according to some studies, morning nausea - a guarantee of a favorable outcome of pregnancy.
If you really want, you can pamper yourself occasionally herring or pickled cucumber.Other taste "strange" (chalk, lime) are usually associated with a deficiency of iron, calcium and phosphorus.Pregnant women need 1200 mg of calcium - as much is contained in a liter of milk.Whole cow's milk is best not to drink: it has a lot of protein that can cause allergies.Go to dairy cheese, sour cream, yogurt, kefir.
Excellent source of calcium - greens, almonds, cabbage, broccoli, cheese.Between the 10th and 13th weeks of the fetus is growing very rapidly, and it needs more calories.Do not be surprised awakened at this time gluttony, but keep yourself in their hands.
daily ration of women in the 1st half of pregnancy should contain 110 grams of protein, 75 g fat and 350 grams of carbohydrates.Protein is needed for growth and establishment of the placenta uterine tissue, are included in the amniotic fluid.For the normal development of the fetus are important animal proteins (eggs, fish, meat, cheese) and plant origin (cereals, nuts, broccoli).
important source of energy for the future mother and her baby - carbohydrates contained in raw vegetables and fruits, cereals, raisins.During pregnancy is strictly prohibited so-called reduced diet, in which from the diet completely eliminated one of the components - proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
avoid anemia shall be included in the menu foods rich in iron: prunes, liver, turkey, beans.It helps the absorption of iron Vitamin C, so the diet should be present bell peppers, tomatoes, brussels sprouts, rose, cherry, citrus.
pregnancy hormones relax the smooth muscles of the intestine, disrupting peristalsis.Expectant mothers often suffer from constipation and bloating.Aggravates the situation black bread, beans, grapes and sauerkraut.Natural laxative properties have prunes, prune juice, and beetroot.
The higher the bottom of the uterus, the more displaced the digestive organs.In addition, a large number of progesterone and estrogen contribute to the relaxation of the muscular valve that separates the esophagus from the stomach.The result is heartburn.This is normal (to the 38 th week of heartburn complain about 99% of pregnant women), but it is unpleasant.
treatment antacids should be agreed with your doctor.To prevent heartburn eat 5-7 times a day in small portions.Exclude from the diet of acidic juices, cabbage, radish, radishes, onions, garlic.Products that have an alkaline reaction (sour cream, milk, cream, cheese, scrambled eggs, butter and vegetable oil, white bread), on the other hand, are useful.You do not eat immediately after waking up and arrange a siesta after eating.
Many pregnant women go on maternity leave.Power consumption of the body are reduced, and reduced calorie food is better."There is enough for two" does not need to: the need for calories at the woman, the child nurtured, increased by only 300-500 kcal.This is an extra bowl of soup or a piece of meat.
In the 3rd semester, often have unpleasant sensations in the leg muscles.This is due to a deficit of potassium, calcium and magnesium.With convulsions help cope bananas, dairy products and dried apricots.
Kid is already fully formed, and now the main task of mothers - not to let it "eroded" in the tummy.Cakes, French fries, cakes, fatty sauces and other "whims" was published in the final stretch of pregnancy may haunt problems in childbirth.
Myths about nutrition during pregnancy
- avoid excessive weight gain can replace sugar sweeteners.Not true.Large quantities of artificial sweeteners may be toxic, the effect of small doses to the fetus has not yet been studied.
- Canned expectant mothers are prohibited.True.Preservatives and artificial additives that make up the meat and canned fish, carbonated drinks and smoked sausages can be accumulated by the placenta and affect fetal development.Exception - Baby food which contains no preservatives.
- important that the expectant mother liked what she eats.True / false.Good mood - the key to a happy pregnancy.However, there are strict limits: for all 9 months discard soft cheeses with mold, sushi and sashimi, mushrooms.