Cytomegalovirus , what it is
Pregnancy And Childbirth / / May 05, 2016
symptoms, treatment, diagnosis and consequences of CMV infection
Cytomegalovirus infection, it is for the disease, how it manifests itself, and how dangerous it is for a person, including - for pregnant women and their children?This infectious agent (CMV) belongs to the family of herpes viruses, and therefore causes great excitement.After herpes - the cause of fetal malformations, stillbirths, miscarriages.CMV and pregnancy is not always consistent, but the problem in most cases, only arise in the case of women infected shortly before or after conception.
TORCH-infections, the ones that are potentially dangerous to the fetus, in need of a careful approach, timely diagnosis and treatment, but only on the testimony.CMV - this is a very common disease.The vast majority of people infected with them as a child, 5-7 years, but their parents did not suspect anything about it.The virus is transmitted in different ways, but most often airborne and therefore infected people so often in childhood, when the contacts in large collectives frequent and close.Adults can be infected through sexual contact, primarily during anal sex.This means that in the risk group are young people aged 16-30 years.Thus, the prevention of cytomegalovirus is safer sex, regular sexual partner, and for expectant mothers not infected with CMV - to minimize contact with children.Similar measures have been taken to reduce the risk of infection with rubella.
If doctors discovered cytomegalovirus during pregnancy - do not panic.It is not the fact that this primary infection, which can make a child's disability.It is necessary to look at the amount of antibody and form indicated in the analysis.If cytomegalovirus igg positive, it means the body has developed antibodies against the virus, that is, the infection occurred is not only that.Transplacental and vertical (at birth) route of infection is rarely diagnosed at the non-primary infection.Knowing if igg cytomegalovirus antibodies are found, it means that you can not worry about the baby's health.
Do I need to be tested for the diagnosis of the presence or absence of antibodies to this virus before or during pregnancy?Abroad, it is done only if there is evidence of infection.Incidentally, cytomegalovirus has no specific symptoms.Some people may increase the temperature, cause a headache.Often when this increase in the neck lymph nodes, liver and spleen.When HIV when the immune system is weakened, it may be conv, encephalitis, myocarditis and other serious conditions.
If the woman is healthy, but the antibodies to the infection are detected, the treatment of cytomegalovirus infection is not carried out.Analyses are not treated - say modern doctors.In extreme cases, a period of childbearing may be effected intravenous human immunoglobulin.
Cytomegalovirus Vaccines do not exist, as well as effective antiviral therapy that can prevent intrauterine infection disease.
To determine whether a child is infected during pregnancy, you can use sampling procedures for analysis of amniotic fluid - amniocentesis.But this procedure is very risky and can lead to miscarriage.And in those rare cases when the fetus is infected in utero at the non-primary CMV infection the mother, usually all ends well.The baby is developing normally.Only physicians are advised to check his eyes and ears during the first years of life.