Vaccinations child.Calendar childhood vaccinations
Educational Program / / March 29, 2016
One shot is able to solve many health problems.A big plus of vaccination is that it protects children from such diseases, about which we have long not remember.
child is born with an innate passive immunity.You are breast-feeding your baby?Hence, it becomes even stronger immunity due to antibodies that are contained in human milk.
to infection is not "cling" to the child, you need to take care of good nutrition and daily hardening.From this it's natural defenses will be strengthened, and the body of your baby will be better resist disease.But there are also acquired immunity.It complements the natural and produced over time due to various vaccinations.
vaccination - get ready!
to vaccination to be effective, it must be carefully prepared.
First baby looks pediatrician.The fact that the vaccinations can be done only when the baby is completely healthy.He also learns, not a cold if someone in your home: baby after vaccination immunity will be weakened, so it is important to protect it from infection.
If a baby has allergies or is taking medication, refer not only to the pediatrician, but also a doctor - a specialist.He will decide whether to do it or defer vaccination.It can create a custom schedule.
Before you get a referral to a treatment room, be sure to hand over the baby's blood and urine.If the results are good, start to cook it for grafting.About a week before the scheduled date did not let the baby of new products, so as not to trigger allergies.Perhaps the doctor deems it necessary to appoint an antihistamine.Usually it is recommended to take some days before and after vaccination.
After the baby was vaccinated, keep an eye on his health.The response to the vaccine (lethargy, malaise, low-grade fever) - a common phenomenon.But serious complications are rare.In any case, you need to be ready for it.Even if the child was a normal reaction to the first shot, it does not mean that he will bring the same and following vaccination.
After the injection sit for half an hour in the clinic.A house several times to measure the temperature of the baby.If it goes up, give him an antipyretic (syrup or candles) and often suggest drinking warm tea or compote.Experts advise after grafting to shoot down the temperature already at 37.5 C. In some cases it can rise very quickly.Be sure to tell your doctor, who administered the vaccination, about the health of the baby.
at the injection site usually appears small lump and redness.This is normal, so do not worry.Importantly, do not forget that the skin in this area should not be wet and comb.In a few days everything has to go through.
Vaccinations: Pros and Cons
Some doctors consider vital vaccinations, some have a different opinion.Hold your child vaccinated or not - you choose.Just before you do that, consider all the "pros" and "cons".Talk to your doctor to whom you trust completely.
If a baby is often sick, you should not because of this completely abandon vaccination.Doctors believe that these children are not always a sufficient number of antibodies produced.Therefore, they are especially in need of additional protection.different schemes prepare the child for vaccination is now developed.And depending on the doctor will select the most suitable condition.
Before your child vaccinated with the violation of the schedule?Before a new vaccine need to be tested for immunity strength.According to the results the doctor will know whether to do all vaccinations again or you can simply add the missing.
vaccinations actually significant contraindications to vaccination, doctors do not have much.Temporary contraindications
These include all acute diseases, anemia (when the hemoglobin level below 84 g / l).Therefore, if a child had just been ill, vaccination should be postponed for a period not less than one month.In mild rhinitis reduce this period to one week.Absolute contraindications
Vaccinations do not (or do lighter if any), if the child had a severe reaction to previous vaccinations, primary immonodefitsitnoe state (in this case, you can not use live vaccines), progressive neurological disease, malignant blood diseases, tumorsallergic reactions to the vaccine components.
doctor decides to give or increase the interval between vaccinations twice, if the injection site on the baby appeared swelling and reddened skin area was not less than 8 cm, and the temperature rose to 40C.
Vaccinations for all diseases
BCG .. Not accidentally vaccinated against tuberculosis do one of the first, still in the hospital.The fact that the infection can be picked up at any place, and for this purpose it is not necessary to closely interact with a patient.The vaccine reduces the risk of disease by 15 times.Prick do in his left shoulder.After a couple of months, this place will be a small seal and crust.It is in any case can not be removed and soap when bathing.By the year there formed a small scar.He confirms that the body's protection against tuberculosis appeared
- Immunity is formed by 7 years.
This is important! not lubricate the injection site with antiseptic (iodine, brilliant green).If the wound is "live", you should refrain from swimming that day.
DTP. Vaccination is repeated three times (with a booster after a year), and protects it against three diseases: diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus.Immunity after it is formed almost milestones.
- immunity to diphtheria saved 5 years, whooping cough - 5-7 years.A vaccination against tetanus is to protect the child from the disease for 10 years.
This is important! Do not bathe the baby in the vaccination day.Bring down the temperature above 37.5 C and during the first two weeks, limit his contact with others.
Hepatitis B. The virus is transmitted through blood, saliva, urine.Write protection is not so easy in the body of it.Therefore, the first vaccination is carried out in the hospital in the first 12 hours and repeated at 1 and 6 months.Doctors are advised not to deviate from the schedule, or grafting efficiency decrease.But this vaccine is tolerated more easily.
- Immunity formed for 5 years.
This is important! Vaccination is especially necessary child in the first days of life, when the body of his mother has hepatitis B virus
Polio. Infection leads to paralysis.Because the virus is an intestinal, it is transmitted mainly from secretions, and sometimes - by airborne droplets.Thanks to vaccination the disease is rare (the United States and many European countries generally consider themselves to be "clean" polio), but in the nature of living a wild strain of the virus.
- immunity is formed on 5-10 years.
This is important! vaccines are live vaccines (OPV) and abiotic (IPV).When OPV is necessary to observe the child and his close relatives within 30 days.
MMR-vaccine. much more convenient and safer to do three immunizations (measles, mumps and rubella) at the same time.
- immunity against measles, rubella and mumps is formed for 5 years.
This is important! At 5-14 days after vaccination may increase, appear light temperature, a transient rash and swollen glands.So be careful!
Required childhood immunization schedule is created with the necessary intervals and compatibility vaccines.
- 1 Hepatitis Day - 1st vaccination
- 3-7 days Tuberculosis
- 1 month Hepatitis - 2nd vaccination
- 3 months Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio - 1st vaccination
- 4,5 months old Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio - 2nd vaccination
- 6 months Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio - 3rd vaccination
- 12 months Measles, rubella, mumps -vaccination
- 18 months Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio - 1st revaccination
- 20 months poliomyelitis - 2nd revaccination
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