Diet Weight Loss / / August 12, 2017
Who is to blame in obesity?
About 300 million people worldwide are obese and in the coming years, according to experts, this number will increase dramatically.Is it possible for someone to blame?And who is it?
... The world's largest fast food chain has announced that it intends to introduce a "healthy menu" in its many eateries.Thing of the past huge portions of fries and drinks bubbling;they will be replaced by chicken salads, yoghurts and fruit.
However, this event, which was to be a public relations triumph for McDonald's management, turned out quite quickly its reverse side: it was announced that this company in salads may contain more fat than the burgers.Just the facts
- in the world are obese 300 million people
- US obese adults 2/3
- In the UK obese adults 1/4
- Obesity costs US 75 billionyear
dollars.. As a result, the American giant again accused of spreading obesity.The Corporation is protected.
"The debate about obesity is very complex and, admittedly, should bebased on the consideration not only the power but also the individual responsibility and the increasingly malopodvidny way of life", - said in a statement McDonald's.
courts seem to agree.Last year, a group of teenagers trying to bring New York's McDonald's to responsibility, stating that the company's products are addictive and therefore obesity.
lawsuit was quickly rejected.Judge Robert Sweet said at the time: "It is not a matter of law to defend from their own gluttony."
Of course, there is a clear trend - at least in the United States - to shift the blame to the fast food industry.
This view is shared by many American politicians.In the US House of Representatives voted for the bill last week forbidding citizens to file lawsuits against fast-food companies and to demand compensation for their own obesity.
so-called "Cheeseburger Bill" still needs Senate approval, but judging from the press reports, to his credit already expressed the White House.
Nevertheless, many scientists insist fast food plays a significant role in the spread of obesity.
- Obesity increases the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer
- Obesity can reduce life expectancy by 9 years
- unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle was killed in 2000 400thousand. Americans
last year, researchers from Princeton University in the US published the results of a study according to which fast food can have an equally strong effect addictive as heroin.
They pointed out that the rats that were fed foods high in sugar and fat experienced the real "breaking" when deprived of their favorite foods.
And in October, British scientists have warned that the human body is simply not designed for the consumption of energy-dense foods that are sold in fast food outlets and supermarkets.
"system, regulating human appetite, has developed a low-energy diet , normal for rural areas of the developing world, where obesity is almost non-existent - said Professor Andrew Prentice of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine -. Our bodies were never adaptedto the consumption of food with high energy saturation, common in the West, and this affects the prevalence of obesity. "
Most experts at the same time emphasize that the causes of obesity are mixed.
"We do not think that was to blame any one factor, - says David Porter of the World Health Organization -. It effects a lot to increase the availability of calories and less physical activity."
The fact that high-energy or low-fat foods in the West today is much more accessible than a generation ago, is indisputable.
changing and life-style.Cars, computers, television - all this leads to the fact that people are moving less than before.
"People want to point to any one thing, - said Dr. Toni Steer, an expert in nutrition from the British Medical Research Council -. But I do not think it is constructive or helpful We have to stop looking for the switchman's time to start thinking..about the decisions. "
Certainly in many countries there is increasing pressure on politicians who are trying to get to take measures to neutralize "delayed-action mine."That is obesity.
In the UK, there have been calls to introduce an additional tax on fatty foods and to ban advertising of fast food, especially aimed at children.
Until now, the government has refrained from such action, although some of its representatives and insist that the problem of obesity is very high on the list of their priorities.
The Department of Health is now conducting extensive consultations aimed at obtaining a complete picture of public opinion about the methods by which you can enhance health of the nation.It is expected that the results will form the basis of the official report on this subject, which will be released this year.
These same issues are likely to dominate at a meeting of the World Health Organization, the next annual meeting which will be held in May.
Meanwhile, officials and scholars, no doubt, will continue to encourage such companies as McDonald's on the "recovery" of their eateries.
"Solution McDonald's management with respect to new products by itself will not solve the problem, - says Dr. Steere -. But it is the market leader, and if it starts a trend and others follow him, it will help."
Ray Dunne BBC BBC
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