Causes of obesity
Diets For Weight Loss / / April 11, 2016
To paraphrase a famous phrase, we can say that the food in the world has always been napryazhenka.Any food resources, has not yet turned into CO2 and H2O, are subject chego- or lust (skarabey- most elegant example of a destructor).In nature, it considered appropriate, even this method of filling the deficit (especially certain vitamins) as coprophagia (eating their own feces), which is not limited to rodents, but also, for example, gorillas.Everything depends on the physiological functions (starting and ending with a set of teeth set of enzymes).If we turn to skazachno epic, then just remember the list of magic items, among which skaterti- Samobranka and oven, bake pies and pots that cook themselves kashu- just ask.Modern storyteller (they are or not?), Keep your nose to the wind, I would describe, perhaps a pot, which cooks the most effective Slimming means to get rid of excess weight quickly, and most importantly, forever.
In the wild, the principle of "freedomof one ends where the freedom of another begins" works very hard, restricting eating behavior within certain limits, the higher level of the food pyramid occupied by the species, the more lost energy and the greater arearequired for food searches.And it was the food (not counting the disease, of course) controls the waves of life, which is multiplied when resources are abundant, and stops if they are limited or famine only expected.
man as a species has adaptive mechanisms to enable it to be disposed of without negative consequences of systematic and long-term excess incoming food.Such an arrangement would not be adaptive to the background of constant competition for food resources in the future which people participated along with other species.Until then, until I got known advantage in this fight.
Against the background is not too long duration of human life and the costs of overeating if the case, did not have time to show themselves, at the same time the fullness considered mandatory sign of high social status (and still is considered by some ethnic groups).The problem has become aggravated with the increase in life expectancy, complicated besides a long list of diseases to which the earlier people simply did not survive.
Habitat destroying natural habitats, people and inevitably destroys the established tradition of food, and the more thoroughly they have been fitted to the difficult and sometimes extremely difficult conditions of life, the tragic result of the intervention.Examples of this, unfortunately, a monstrous amount.One has only to give some to demonstrate the general trend.In civilized countries, environmental protection is paid more and more attention and resources, environmental protection issues of domestic demand much attention, given their close relationship.
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well-known tragedy of phosphate islands, nature is not just a hit and was destroyed as a result of work on the production of phosphate fertilizers, and local residents, represented mainly by the Polynesians and Micronesians,They were doomed to so different from the lives of their parents' country, "carefree" life without work, the usual worries and traditional food.Phosphorites were accidentally discovered in 1899.on one of those islands in the Pacific island of Nauru.Less than a hundred years of it were almost exclusively korralovye rocks protruding teeth and is heated in the sun, so that all the surrounding clouds even close to the island are not suitable.All goods and products are imported to the island, where there is no room for even the chickens.While the government is discussing plans for the creation of the Garden of Eden on an artificial ground, virtually the entire adult population of the island, occupying second place in the world (41% of the population) on the prevalence of type II diabetes (non-insulin dependent), it has a high degree of obesity.
were - healthy steel - fatty alcoholics
Another sad example - the life of the Eskimos who eat only meat and fish, except for the fact that all the flowers that appear short polar spring, but the blue bell,Eskimos have considered edible.This protein-fat diet nevertheless optimally adapt to the conditions of life in the Far North.Studies among Canadian Inuit, showed the almost complete lack of atherosclerosis phenomena that explain the anti-atherogenic effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids contained in large quantities in their diet.
A different picture emerges from the Eskimos, changing the habitual way of life in the relocation of the city.Replacing husky and reindeer sleds snowmobiles not only seriously reduced energy consumption from the local people, but also significantly changed the way of life.Greatly changed the power structure.The almost complete absence of the traditional diet of carbohydrate foods leads to a rapid exchange violation at the use of concentrated uglevodosoderzhaschih products.The most serious consequences associated with alcohol intake, causing severe poisoning Eskimos (for all living beings, living in warm countries - from butterflies to elephants, - alcohol is a familiar food contained in the fermented fruit overripe).Eskimos also missing enzyme system, which allows to recycle the alcohol to good use.
So, improving the quality of life in the modern "Alaskan Village" led to the fact that people do not go on foot.Dog sleds hold rare family (20 years ago and kept all) and then only for sporting events.As a result, traditional meat diet, rich in fats and cholesterol, stimulates the development of obesity and heart disease.could not bear
Arizona Indians (as we now say in Amerike- aboriginals) pima- another example illustrating the conflict between the "thrifty genotype" (formed in the evolution of metabolic type), which allows to store energy primarily in the form of fateven in very poor diet and living conditions have changed dramatically.The prevalence of high degrees of obesity among this ethnic group is so high that the Pima Indians took first place in the world in the incidence of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus type II (50%).Under the conditions of access to food, exacerbated by a decrease in energy consumption, it is extremely hardy breed that can survive in extremely difficult natural conditions, is suddenly a misfit on the background of Western life.As a result - the critical number and degree of obesity.
Suppose profession requires you to maintain good physical shape (sports, ballet, modeling, etc.), or you fell in love (want to get a lucrative contract, going to the spa, etc..), or to prevent doctors really made a strong impression on you.In this case, your motivation is so strong that the problems with abuse are not will- too high rates.A good example of a rigid motivation is a disciplined approach to eating for diabetics.Their life- rather strong argument in favor of the fact that food can actually be a real threat.If the food for you- one of the main sources of pleasure, then limit yourself to a long time, without giving anything in return, it will be very, very difficult.
reasonable approach involves understanding the nature of eating disorders.The issue of hunger in the body gets a very definite and worked here nastoychivo- reliable systems that trigger behavioral complex in search of food.What do the animals hungry and very hungry people (not starving on their own) - they gorge on to satiety in a literal sense, a definitive brake light stops meal, when the stomach is full (fermentation capabilities are not limitless, too).More subtle hints plurality of neurohormones to signal the onset of saturation, it is necessary not only to accept but also to listen.This idea is completely transparent and can be used in the analysis of each of your eating behavior.The desire to strengthen these signals with the help of drugs and make them more intelligible stimulate research in the field neuroregulation satiety.
noted the low efficiency in the treatment of soft diets and obesity at the same time their positive impact on the patient's state of health.At the same types of diets can vary considerably.The main achievement of the diet is often the preservation of existing weight and the formation of habits of the patient consciously relate to nutrition.As for the limited consumption of fats, it is appropriate not only for the obese, and full-bodied people, but also for those with normal weight, preference is given to fats with a high biological value.Taking into account the specific realities of the fat should be seen not primarily as a source of calories, as well as a provider of essential fatty acids that the human body does not synthesize (vitamin F), and polyunsaturated fatty acids that have a pronounced anti-atherogenic effect (eicosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic, lack of polyene acidsmaterial breach of the membrane structure, which contributes to the development of atherosclerotic lesions).