Hardening of children
Children's Doctor Conversations / / March 25, 2016
hardening - is to increase the body's resistance to adverse environmental effects.Hardened children are not afraid of hypothermia, temperature changes, the effects of wind.They have dramatically reduced the incidence.
& gt;Comparative Effectiveness of water and air
Hardening can be carried out in various ways, including air and water treatments.Water has a strong effect on the body than the air.Thus, the action of water with a temperature of about 26 degrees is equivalent to the effects of air with a temperature of about 5 degrees
& gt;As there is a cold?
have nonhardened human nasopharyngeal vessels narrowed from the cold, and blood flow deteriorates.In general, the human body is designed so that under normal circulation will not pass any virus into the cell.Cold begins when blood flow is disturbed in the upper respiratory organs.This is where all those viruses, which are so many around us, penetrate into the cell.Viruses - parasites.They can live and reproduce only within the cells.Struck by the virus and the cell dies rejected.On the surface of damaged secondarily affects bacterial infection.
& gt;What gives hardening children?
If the child is accustomed to the cold, the reaction vessel is changed, until the reverse: under the influence of cold hardened blood vessels constrict human first, then expanding sharply.At what point hardening occurs such change of reaction vessels - a month, six months or a week?Each child is individually.
To achieve the greatest effect hardening necessary permanence and the gradual impact (not sharp!) Increase in its intensity.If you stay at the same intensity of the load, for example, water child constantly water the same temperature, not lowering it, or carry out procedures rarely (once a month), the effect of this hardening will not.
most difficult task - to establish a first load for the baby.It should not be weak, because then it is not effective;it should not be overly strong (stressful), since it is known that stress suppresses the immune system, and we are facing the opposite problem - his efforts.
& gt;What is immunity?
What is the immune system and its role in the body?The human immune system "recognizes" all the harmful and foreign substances that enter the body, and provides protection against viruses and bacteria, prevents the development of cancer cells.This system begins to take shape mainly at the stage of fetal development, and finishes the formation around the first year of baby's life.If the child is breastfed, the mother through the milk it receives protective substances, and thus amplified still not quite perfect own immunity.Worse, if the baby is deprived of mother's milk: it is more and more seriously ill.Such children especially need hardening .
& gt;Congenital and acquired immunity disorders
an innate and acquired immunity disorders.At first the child may be born with a congenital disorder of the entire immune system or its partial defeat.These children are constantly ill since birth.In the first months of their life should be evaluated in specialized clinics.When the second child is born healthy, but in the future the disease, trauma, any stress can cause destruction of the immune system.
& gt;Later breastfeeding weakens the immune system!
believed that the newborn occurs when stress apart from its mother immediately after birth, when later applying of it to his chest.As a result, the child grows up with a low level of immunity, overwhelmed, incapable of active and fulfilling lives as adults more prone to diseases of civilization: cancer, heart attack, hypertension, etc.
& gt;Immunity and stress
What changes occur in the body during stress?One of the world's largest physiologist Hans Selye showed that whatever was caused by stress, whatever the cause of it, the body's reaction to it always the same type.It is expressed in the fact that all the forces of the body are mobilized early on to survive, including the immune system, and the passage of time comes the second phase - the phase of exhaustion (it is even called the damages phase).In this phase, all of the body's defenses are depleted, and on this background, there are many different diseases.
& gt;Be careful with winter swimming and "nronyrivaniem"!
Similar reactions in children, I watched sometimes when winter swimming, and is particularly common in the so-called "pronyrivanii".These reactions were expressed in the fact that the children were either very restless (screaming day and night) or, on the contrary, were passive (bad or weak contact with others).Especially the hit state of their digestive system.Apparently, stress is primarily decreased production of enzymes which due observed following symptoms: abdominal bloating, bowel dysfunction (diarrhea or constipation), as a consequence - poor weight gain.Thus, there has been a simultaneous damage to the nervous and digestive systems.I can not say that such violations occur in all children affected by winter swimming and "pronyrivaniyu", but among my patients these facts could not stop my attention.
Immunology Laboratory of the Institute of pediatrics of Moscow and Pediatric Surgery led by Dr. D.V.Stefani began working with groups involved in the system of the club "Healthy Family" and practice winter swimming children.Laboratory staff examined several children and found that some of them have immunity indicators deteriorated.Apparently, winter swimming was for these children a powerful stress factor.Unfortunately, it was not possible to find out exactly which features children predetermined deterioration.After receiving the results of the first group stopped cooperation with the laboratory.
& gt;The doctrine of stress I.A.Arshavskogo
Besides stress reactions studied reaction to weaker stimuli.It turns out that if a stimulus is not strong, do not stress, then at constant vozdeystkii and gradually increasing its strength increases immunity and improve all systems that contribute to good resistance to harmful factors.The reaction scientist physiologist I.A.Arshavsky defines as "physiological stress," as opposed to the damaging "pathological stress."Based on the research I.A.Arshavskogo laboratory organism at birth copes well with the temperature difference.During the prenatal period, the baby develops in the human body temperature (about 37 degrees), and at the time of birth, he gets into an environment where the temperature is unlikely to exceed 20- 22 degrees.There is no doubt that the train it is this ability further.And we often begin to coddle children.
& gt;Tight swaddling is harmful!
useful to know that the newborn is able to maintain body temperature by increasing muscle tone.Look, it bends the legs, pulls the handle to the body.Increased muscle tone of newborn - is a useful compensatory reaction.That is why the bad tight swaddling, and all the exercises, lowering the tone of the flexors of the newborn.With these capabilities and built newborn system hardening , which I would like to offer you.
& gt; children Hardening can start from birth
Hardening can begin in the first days after the birth of a child .You just need to show the child to the doctor first.If the baby is healthy and the doctor does not find him any signs of damage to the nervous system, if it sucks well and is constantly gaining weight, then calmly start hardening .
... So, the child was born.If labor were normal and healthy child if the first 4-5 days of lost weight is not more than 200 g, and if in the coming days is an increase in weight, it is already on the 6-7th day, after examination by a doctor, it is possible to offer differentoptions hardening .
& gt;Three options hardening of children
first option hardening .We bathe the baby at normal human body temperature - 36.6 degrees.He was nice and good, it relaxes, feels well.At this time we are preparing him the first pouring a pitcher or other container ten degrees colder, ieapproximately 26-degree water. Child take out of the pan, keep it in the palm of your hand back up and at first he hosed heels, and then pour the cool water of the spine to the head.Then, not wiping, get wet and wrap in a simple and flannelette diapers.After 10-15 minutes, start to wear it.Every three days, reduce the temperature by one degree douche and get to the water temperature at the tap.Such children are usually well tolerated procedure.First surprise, they can scream, but after warming in diapers quickly calm down, well suck and quietly fall asleep.
second option hardening children.During the toddler toilet (several times a day) with warm water to wash the buttocks and legs.At the same time we try to keep your feet become warm.Then quickly washing them with cold water from the tap.Then, in the same way without wiping, wrap the baby in a warm diaper.
& gt;Cold water is necessary to wash only warm baby!
Hardening only effective when the cold water pour warm child .I remember watching tempering children "on instructions" in nurseries, where she worked in the early years of his medical practice.Children lead with a walk and immediately doused them legs, then, in accordance with the instructions, the water temperature after a certain number of days gradually reduced.However, children are constantly sick.In what was the matter?Nobody paid attention to the fact that after the walk, especially in winter, feet almost all the children were cold, so they practically poured warm water.
& gt;How to start hardening child older than one year?
What if child for over a year, and you still have not quenched it?Start hardening can be at any age.To this end, suitable, for example, a contrast shower.First you put the baby's or better, get with it themselves under the warm water, thoroughly reheated.If a child requires hot water - let it be hot.First, heat the baby feet, hands and back.In the first place - the back collar area.Then you're talking to the kid, "Well, let's you and I will become a rain."Hosed feet, hands and very quickly - collar area with cold water and - again a hot shower.Then again, a short cold douche.And since at least three times.Always start with the warming process, and finish cold douche.If you have time, make up to seven contrasting temperature shifts.After the procedure, before putting the baby do not wipe, and muffle a few minutes.
& gt;The child should not be afraid!
This procedure is exciting, so it is best done in the morning or after school hours of 6-7 pm, but not right before bedtime.Try to keep your child was a pleasure.Do not scare him, do not insist if the child is afraid, not to turn it all into a stressful situation.In this case, the contrast perfusion is best done in the form of games.
proposed procedure can also be used in kindergarten.Put three or four basin with hot water and with cold same.The children ran from one to the other basins.The principle of contrast is necessary to maintain the temperature and there, first hot, then cold water.
third option hardening children.The child is bathed in the bath in the evening.Let it sit in the bath as long as he wants, can with toys.Let it warm up in hot water.Children usually like to relax and soak in the bath.Or let him basking in the shower as he wants.And then tell him: "Let's you and I'll have a cold rain or run through the puddles."And here are possible game situations: either you open the cold water, and it substitutes heels and palms (enough for the first time, and in the following days, try to pour cold water and back), or if a child is afraid of exposure to a cold shower, we can first puta bowl with cold water and say, "well, let's you run through the puddles!"And from a warm bath - a cold bowl (or "under the rain"), and then - again in a bath.Add more hot water, if the water in the bath to cool.And - again in cold.And since at least three times.After the last cold exposure also wrap the baby in a sheet and blanket and hold it without wiping and dabbing the water, then put it in the night clothes and lay on the bed.For best effect tempering procedure necessary to gradually change by increasing the time cold exposures.Subsequently, the child begins to demand more cold douches, and often refuses from the hot water.
& gt;Contrasting the procedure should not be interrupted, and during his illness!
So, better to start with contrasting procedures.They should not be interrupted even during the baby's disease, as they contribute to a speedy recovery.I know a wonderful mom.She started to temper with the baby's birth.He rarely got sick.One day she called me and asked what to do with your child: he had a slight fever, runny nose.She wanted to make a contrast perfusion, and he refuses them and requires only a cold.Hence, the load has already sufficient for him.Children begin to feel it and take the initiative themselves.In this case, my mother and I decided to do as a child asks.The boy quickly recovered and subsequently in diseases of himself poured cold water.
believe that successful hardening is not necessary to dwell on some contrasts.For some children it is possible to offer the following variant: before awakening child in a bath pre-poured cold water.As soon as the child wakes up, he is out of bed, warm, dipped in a bath, then wrap in a sheet, dressed immediately and proceed to the rest of the hygiene procedures.
In contrast procedures significantly improves blood flow in the nasopharyngeal region.Therefore, the sprouting of the adenoids and chronic tonsillitis shown contrasting procedures in conjunction with the food that is recommended in previous talks.
& gt;Run Games in the snow
If the child is accustomed to the feet douche of cold water, then in the winter can be enhanced by the effect of tempering Run Games barefoot in the snow.Run only necessary in areas where the snow is clean, while the snow is to be ground, but not concrete and not asphalt track.Naturally, we should not stand in the snow on the balcony.How best to carry out this procedure?The child should be put so that the shoes easy to remove and put on.It is better to wear, such as sport suit, wool socks and boots.
So, you go out on the street.First a little run around - the child warm up.If your baby is flushed, you can be sure that his feet were not cold.Then you can remove the boots and stand on snow, at first just for a second.Then quickly wipe feet of snow some cloth and Buy Shoes starting on the right foot, which first put on the snow.Again, run around in the boots.Duration of standing in the snow, at first very short, then can increase.
& gt;Why cold exposure on foot hardens?
Why is the child ceases to be ill after such procedures?The following occurs: stop vessels under the influence of cold and narrowed blood vessels is required to simultaneously narrowed nasopharyngeal area.If a person is not quenched - there is an acute respiratory infection (the virus being introduced in the area of nasopharyngeal cells).And tempered man - on the contrary, in response to cold occurs initially narrowing and then a sharp expansion of small vessels and stop reflexively, - vessels of the upper respiratory tract.I am sure that this procedure will bring you great pleasure.Especially if you'll be doing it as a family.Optionally, do it every day.You can twice a week, but with pleasure, with pleasure.