Early Child Development / / March 26, 2016
Montessori Educational System
About Montessori educational system heard many.What is it, and how it is used in kindergarten, we describe in this article.
Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori (1870-1952) first began to use your system with mentally retarded children of preschool age in 1907.She managed to create a unique developmental environment in which even kids with problems acquired a level of knowledge and skills easily, which is not inferior and sometimes superior in developing their problem-free peers.
«What to do with the normal children, so that they become less of my accident?" - Maria Montessori was astonished and decided that her education system could be useful and ordinary baby.Now this pedagogical system - one of the most popular in many countries around the world.In her work, many kindergartens, development centers and even schools, including in Russia.What is this method so attractive to teachers and parents?
principle of the Montessori system
That is the main principle of the system of Maria Montessori: Every child develops in its sole, absolute individual plan in a specially prepared environment.Full-way benefits, which are equipped with the group, took more than a dozen sheets.The task teacher to help your child organize their activities so as to get maximum creative potential development.
Most materials and assignments based on the principle of self-correction: the child himself sees his mistakes and does not get a bad evaluation on the part of the adult."Help me do it myself" - this is the principle training of Montessori system.This instructional space consists of five main areas, which we'll talk more.
The pre-production environment a child acquainted with important "adult" terms as.For example, the category of space.And this is not only due to the awareness that each material has its place in the group.Just when baby rolls mat work, he finds his personal space, which can not be broken without the authorization of its owner.After
Group Montessori children do not sit at their desks, looking to proudly reciting educator.Here, everyone is busy with their work, sitting on a rug or a small table.
If the material, each of which in the environment there is only one copy need just two children, then, of course, there is a need to agree on the priority of use or work together.And in this case, children are priceless skills in society, the ability to negotiate and listen to each other.
Goals gaining skills and social communication is the principle of acquisition of different ages groups where older help the younger, which in turn fosters a caring attitude towards family and brings the climate in the family group.For toddler Montessori materials - is the key to the world, through which he will order his chaotic view of the world.A special pre-production environment he practiced all the physical and spiritual functions and comprehensively developed.
system As you can see, the Montessori system is quite different from the traditional pedagogy.Firstly, it concerns the relationship to the child as a unique and inimitable personality, with its own development plan, methods and timing of the development of the world.
second - the role of the teacher.The main place in the Montessori system - space belongs to the child and the teacher only assistant, whose task is to learn to work properly with the material, as well as to observe the baby's achievements.And this shows the freedom of choice toddler: he is free to move at their own pace.Independence - is the key to a successful and happy life.
This primarily exercises in the field of practical life, which help the child to take care of himself, teaching him correctly buttoning, lacing shoes, clean and cut vegetables, lay the table, and much more, which mom usuallyIt does not allow to do at home.
A Group Montessori children hear: "You're an adult and able to cope with this problem myself."The teacher only shows how to handle the material.The exercises also include materials that are associated with transfusion, oversleeping, carrying and sorting of items - everything that develops hand movements and preparing for the development of writing, reading and mathematical abstractions.
All items must be true, because in groups Montessori children live not for fun, but seriously.If the baby falls to the floor and the water jug spilled on the floor, it is obvious result: the work is another principle of pedagogy - automatic error checking.
Sensory development Montessori
system in the field of sensory development of your baby can get all of those feelings, which he for one reason or another so lacking in real modern life: using materials found in the area, it is perfectly develops itssight, touch, taste, smell, hearing, and also has an excellent opportunity to work out in the temperature distinction, feel the difference in weight and shape of objects, and of course to develop muscle memory.
work with special materials in the sensor area is an important preparatory step before the baby's entry into the field of mathematical development - to work with the touch material, learning to think logically and accurately, the child can easily translate into mathematical terms already familiar to his concepts.
Mathematical development of the system
Montessori Mathematics Education also runs the most natural: the baby is simply living in a prepared environment, thoroughly soaked in mathematics.mathematical development zone contains all the necessary materials so that the child is enough to quickly and efficiently learn the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, mastered serial through - all that is considered an important criterion of the child's readiness for school.
the field of language development
child as a native speaker, of course, is necessary and the area of language development, without which there can not be a full-fledged intellectual growth.Here the baby gets a chance to expand your vocabulary, learn about letters, running his finger rough characters or drawing on semolina and learn to form words using the movable alphabet.By the way, these rough alphabet letters and you may well be able to make and at home.
Space Montessori education in the system
is also clear that a full-fledged personal development can not take place without the child has not formed a complete picture of the world - and this problem is solved by the field of space education.In simple terms the baby meets the most sophisticated theories about the human structure, geography, history, plants and animals.Before a child takes place total picture of the world, and he learns to be conscious of his integrity and to perceive itself as a particle of this diverse area.