Early Child Development / / March 24, 2016
development of fine motor skills: finger gymnastics
«Our wrote fingers, our fingers are tired ..." Remember how we choir recited these lines, clenching and unclenching her hands did their best?
Oh, no easy thing - to display different hooks and rods.What can I say, even just to keep the right knob - an art.Parents of first-graders, reading these words, nodded in agreement, let out a heavy sigh, parents preschool puzzled shrug.
Alas, not all adults pay attention to how their child is controlled with a pencil or pen.I clenched in his fist - it does not matter, the main thing that draws!All three finger pinch, resting and disturbing at each other, grasped the knob at the tip of the rod - it does not matter, but it says!That baby gets used to act this way and not otherwise.A year, two, three, sometimes longer ...
A first class it turns out that he writes very slowly, the hand gets tired, and the letters get some ugly.As a result - poor grades in school, terrible handwriting and steady dislike writing.
fine motor skills of hands
Why do some children learn to write effortlessly, while others are experiencing difficulties with this incredible?Of course, the simple answer to this question is impossible.However, one can not deny a direct connection child's progress in this area with the development of fine motor skills of hands.Of course a combination of the words "fine motor skills" definitely eternally every modern parent.
Like what it should develop in every way, and that she, in turn, affects the formation of speech toddler.But for some reason, few people think that the process of improving the fine motor skills necessary to pay considerable attention after the baby spoke!After all, how nimble and agile in 5-6 years will be his fingers, the success of the training.
us, adults, it is sometimes difficult to realize this truth.Often, adults, and especially grandparents, they say: "When we were little.No one about some motor skills and thought.And nothing, all learned to write! "This of course, there is truth.But remember, in the days of our childhood all the shoes were on the laces and jackets buttoned.No you zippers and Velcro.That's trained fingers kids, while their owners wheezed from the diligence, dressed in the garden for a walk.
And in 5 years, and even more so in 6 baby perfectly able to tie shoelaces and buttoning jacket alone.Practicing every day many times, fingers become strong and agile.Of course, after such extensive training to learn how to handle a pen and a pencil - just a piece of cake.
And today, perhaps, no surprise this picture: seven-year hero is, her hands hanging limp, and my mother his buttons buttoned.Having at its disposal such creature comforts as zippers, buttons, Velcro, children are no longer automatically acquire the necessary fine motor skills, fingers' damned fat and lazy "frost time to study together with his master.
It turns out that the Six-Year boldly reads, thinks and sings songs in English, and hold the handle well can not.Intelligence seems to be developed, and skills needed for success in school, there is no trace.
What to do? How to help our children?There are pleasant and exciting ways to ensure the development of fine motor skills, and thus avoid a lot of unpleasant moments in the future of school life of your child.
Among them - finger gymnastics , playing with clay, pebbles, and peas, playing with buttons and lacing.All these activities will help your child learn how to be a true master of his ten fingers and palms, to make complex manipulations with objects, so, go even one step the steep stairs leading to the heights of knowledge and skills.Where do you start this difficult climb?Let's try to work out the finger gymnastics.
Firstly, is ideal for overemployment parents, as they require a minimum of time-consuming and did not involve any additional "tools" but the kid handles.
Secondly, finger gymnastics can be practiced with the young children.
And, thirdly, kids it is very - very like it, they would be happy to repeat for you all the movements and words, so that our goal - the development of fine motor skills - will be achieved with little effort.
nice thing that the finger gymnastics with the child can be practiced almost from birth.When you are breastfeeding your baby, stroking his palm, iterate over the fingers.Of course, it is rather a massage, instead of gymnastics in the truest sense of the word.Nevertheless, the beginning will be laid.
When the baby grows up, he happily starts to play "The Thieving Magpie".The one that fed delicious porridge children, and to not let lazy?Yes Yes.This is an excellent exercise for fingertip known govorilku.
- next stage - independent movement.Towards the year the kids can have a good "tell" handles the following poem: We cabbage chop - chop (alternately hit the side of his hand on the surface of the table), we cabbage solim - solim ( "solim" small pinch of left and right hand), We cabbage three -three (rubs his palms), cabbage We click - click (compress - decompress the left and right hands in fists).
- Not necessarily finger gymnastics must be accompanied by rhymes.Older children can be, for example, tell a story about the little dwarf who went into the forest.Top - top (index and middle finger on the table stamp, depicting the legs).And to meet him two hedgehog (hand slapping the table with his palms down).Plop - plop.Suddenly one heard dwarf hedgehog, frightened, curled up into a ball (compress a cam right hand).Then spines straightened, no longer afraid (fingers - the spines lie quietly on a table, palm down).Another hedgehog frightened, shrank into a ball (the other hand compressed in a fist Further asymmetric movements of the arms left fist -.. Rastopyrivat right fingers, and vice versa).This hedgehog is afraid, and that - the spines spreading, now the first compressed into a ball, and the second becomes brave.
Continued tale depends entirely on your imagination.The gnome can escape quickly out of the woods (the index and middle finger depict running feet), and can crawl snake (palm and smooth movements of the hand).
- Exercises for a more "adult" fingers can be: One, two, three, four, five (in time with the words one by one, starting with the little finger are bent fingers on the right hand).Let's consider the fingers (now alternately unbend the fingers, starting with the big, on the same hand).All we collected (squeeze the palm into a fist).Counted (unclenched palm and fingers splayed hold).It turned out exactly five (index finger of his left hand alternately touch a fingertip right).After that, my hands, and perform all the exercises at first, but with his left hand.
If you think it's easy, just try to train themselves in a fairly rapid pace.Believe me, in a certain rhythm to count the fingers on a hand, simply flexing them in turn, is no easy task, even for adults.A 3-4 year-old baby from the first time to cope with it exactly.
But after a few days, this charge had better and be better prepared.You will be surprised to find that before our eyes before unruly fingers gain enviable agility.
Want complicate finger gymnastics or add new exercises?Just try to "talk" with your fingers a new story or poem. Show how the dripping rain outside the window (with the fingers of both hands), he gradually turns into a downpour (strikes more often), and in the corner quietly scratching mouse (fingertips scrape across the surfacetable). In short, dream from the heart!