The child is the first, second , third month
Child Development Calendar / / March 25, 2016
first months of a child's life
tests psychophysiological development of children
Young moms sometimes forget that the child - not the zucchini in the garden as a real man.And besides grams and centimeters worth paying attention to such an important component of the human person as the right development and the timely development of mental functions child .After all, it is much truer indicator of child health!Let's investigate whether a crumb right?What he can and what it can teach you?
child first month
- Touch forefinger baby cheeks.In response to a healthy baby turns his head toward the stimulus, opens his mouth and makes sucking movements.If touch does not cause any reaction, repeat it several times, gently stroking the baby's cheek with your finger.
- Put your finger in the palm baby.The child grasps your finger as soon as you touch the hand, and holds it.Holding the wrists, gently lift the crumbs on the bed, try to he held himself, and you would only insure it.
- If the child cries and restlessly moving, move it fast and high and keep on hand at an angle of approximately 45 degrees.Kid calms down at the moment, when you pick up or soon after the change of position.
- If the baby restless behavior, it is necessary to wave a rattle right next to a cot.The child calms down, he seemed to be focused and listen to the sound of rattles.(However, this does not mean that by doing so you will be able to distract the baby from the desire to be dry or eat. By the way, the more he persisted in these requirements, the better.)
- lighted torch, place at a distance of 1 m in the field of child inin a slightly darkened space (hang above the bed large dark shawl).Eyes baby should linger for a few seconds on the spot light.
- bent over the bed, so that the shadow covers the field of view of the child, then move away slowly to the side.Eyes have a second baby to stay on the moving shadows.
- piece of cotton make movements as when cleaning the nose (without touching the mucous).The child avoids touching, turns his head to the side or move it.
- baby lies on his stomach, the handle in a bent position at head height.At least for a moment, the child can lift the head.
- After the baby sucked a little nipple or breast is taken away.Scarce pulls his head towards the nipple, breast or bottle and tries to grab the mouth.
- At the age of one month per adult treatment in child smile begins to appear.For some infants smile appears earlier, already in the 2nd week.A dream fed and dry the baby with the 2nd week of smiles on a regular basis - the so-called "physiological" smile.
the end first month, focusing on the adult face, the kid can follow him stick out the tongue.And smile, and movements of the tongue develop speech apparatus, therefore stimulate their appearance!When communicating with an adult child makes a quiet guttural sounds.Repeat them, replicating the rhythm and melody - as you enter the first "spoken" dialogue with the baby.All these movements are still a reflex.
Reflexes your crumbs checked immediately after birth.They also drew attention to a neurologist at the first clinic visit.However, one test is not enough.Based on the reflexes do with the child exercises, play various games - especially because the reflexes are newborn.As a prototype of the future conscious movements.By encouraging and supporting them, you develop the brain child of a loved one, preparing it for meaningful movements, increasing intelligence.
child second month
- is out of sight of the child, pogremite rattle.Kid should automatically turn his head toward the sound.In this reaction to individual stimuli already clearly different.So, the noise rattles child reacts violently, moving arms and legs, while continuously sounding whistle calms down and is lying with his eyes wide open.Intermittent sound of the whistle is the baby's displeasure, and blows on wood - namorschivanie forehead.The duration of the sound stimulus should not exceed 30 seconds.
- If the baby's face to put the diaper, it will produce a non-specific movements all over, but get rid of the diaper itself is not able to.
- Take the child in his arms, in a horizontal position, keeping under his head, and a little lower arm.Within seconds, the crumb will keep your head straight.Lying on his stomach, the baby has a good hold his head.
- stay in the excited state, the child calms down, if you begin to talk to him.Talking should not be less than 30 seconds.
- you do everything as if you were going to feed your baby, but breast or bottle until they give.The baby reacts a certain way to the position of feeding.He opens his mouth, turns her head to the side, making sucking movements, expresses impatience.
- Tie a rope to the red ring and slowly, at a distance of 25 cm from the little face of the child, move the ring in the longitudinal direction.The answer should be observed coordinated movement of the baby eyes: they then imayutsya, then descend.
now make the red ring of circular motion.The child's eyes move him in concert.If you'll quickly zoom ring to face the kid, you get a response in response to flashing, and if slowly - the overall revitalization of the reaction.
main skill that comes in the second month of life child - bright reaction to the mother (or the person is constantly communicating with the caregiver and crumbs) - the so-called "complex revitalization."When you call my mother observed answering smile, toddler gleefully jerk arms and legs, wriggling all over, there are the first spontaneous vocalizations.
child third month
- If two meters in front of the child to drive a bright toy, he will be watching her eyes.Baby lying on his back.You are at a distance of 25 cm moving bright toy that, eventually, drops out of sight of the child, at the same time for a few seconds, he continues to look after the lost toy.
kid on the hands are in the room (not facing his gaze on you, and on the opposite side of the room).Scarce draws attention to the bright subjects and stares at them.
- baby lying on his stomach.Sideways (25 cm) rattles rattle.The baby turns his head toward the sound.In the prone position the child should hold his head in 90 seconds.
- When you talk to the kid, he looks at you closely, smiling, appears Gulen, "a set of revival".
bent over the baby, change the facial expressions of his face, and the baby will mimic your facial expressions.If it leans a stranger, pipsqueak momentarily stops and looks at him closely.Then breaks into an uncertain smile, especially if the stranger shows welcoming response.
- If you hang within the reach of a toy, accidentally bumping into her, the baby will freeze for a while, "wondering" what happened.
- Lying on his stomach, the child can rely on the forearm and bent legs on solid footing.Being in a good mood, he begins to play the fingers of his hands, studying them.
On third month child to learn two "great things."The first - to know that he has hands and they can produce a variety of motion.The second - to learn to distinguish between the mother ( "us") and "foreign" people.
Between two to three months in child groping movement occur.From this point there is the inclusion of tactile analyzer centers of the cerebral cortex.Movement of the fingers are of particular importance, as have a tremendous impact on the development of higher nervous activity.
Play with crumbs as follows: in an open palm infant, seeking reflex setting, embedded ball with a diameter of 2-2.5 cm balls are chosen, different weight, the material (plastic, wood, etc.), home-made cloth,.from smooth or terry cloth, hard and soft.
balls tied with a ribbon on, down to the kid on top of the palm.This exercise gives the child a relative independence, exercising in grasping.Sipping the ball over the ribbon, while not taking it out of the palm of the crumbs, the adult stimulates a strong grasp.
A similar exercise can be done with sticks (diameter section 1-1.5 cm, length 25 cm).Matched sticks round, smooth, ribbed.Adult puts a stick in one or both handles child.Hold the wand in the middle, pulls her to him, stimulating a stronger grasp.
well give ear in the form of small rolls of oilcloth, terry, printed cotton fabric.They stimulate the movement of hands (grasping, clenching), develop tactile sensitivity palm.
first month of lifeCalendar of the development: The first month
child first month
Calendar of the development: the second month
child two months
Calendar of the development: the third month
child three months
child is four to six months
Child Development to1 year
child development Calendar
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29, 04, 2016