Chickenpox in children
Childhood Diseases / / March 23, 2016
Chickenpox in children: symptoms and treatment methods
Chickenpox in children: methods of infection.
WINDMILL - this is one of the most common diseases that occur in children.Ill chickenpox only once, after that person produces lifelong immunity, and, in children this disease is much easier than in adults. Chickenpox in children, methods of infection and the symptoms of chickenpox - about every parent should know.So, how do you get chickenpox ?
Chickenpox is transmitted through the mucous membranes of the eyes and upper respiratory tract.That is, we can say that it is transmitted through the air - airborne.It is easy to guess that it is because of this particular disease transmission and has been called - chickenpox . Chickenpox usually occurs in children attending pre-school and educational institutions.Most chickenpox occurs in children under the age of 10-12 years .The children's team is only one child catch chickenpox , it becomes contagious to other children. Chickenpox in children - is always a reason to undergo treatment at home.Remember, chickenpox in children - it is not an ordinary cold, but much more infectious.Therefore treatment of chickenpox in children always carried out in the quarantine conditions.Although, in many European countries, a child infected with the disease, do not limit in communication with their peers, as it is believed that it is better to have been ill with chickenpox at an early age, then treatment, as such, is not required.
contagious chicken pox in children becomes one day before the beginning of the skin rash.Quarantine ends in 5 days after the last eruption.On the recommendations of the medical quarantine in children with chickenpox lasts for nine days after the first appearance of a rash.Although such measures rarely help Cautions as chickenpox in children passed before the first eruption, in a time when the child is not limited to communicating with others.
chickenpox symptoms and progression of the disease.
Chickenpox in adults and children does not manifest itself in 1-3 weeks.This term of its incubation period.The minimum term of the incubation period is 7 days.At the expiration of this period, a sick dramatically increases the temperature up to 39-39,5 degrees.And if not almost simultaneous appearance of the rash, the chickenpox in children could be mistaken for acute respiratory infections.In addition to the symptoms of chickenpox include headache and a feeling of weakness.
first appear slack skin rash, just flat pink spots.Just a few hours the number of eruptions increases sharply.Spots become more convex and formed bubbles with the liquid contents.They are in any case can not be squeezed out. Treatment of chickenpox in children performed quite differently.The first 3-4 days to chickenpox in children is accompanied by a very strong rash and not only on the skin but on the mucous membranes - eyes, genitals, mouth.Most worryingly, this rash also strongly itchy, but it is impossible to comb, in order to avoid entering into the wound infection.Some bubbles are - are new. Chickenpox in children occurs in waves.New lesions usually appear within 3-4 days.Then, the disease is on the decline.In place of the blisters are brown, which gradually disappear on their own and in compliance with all recommendations of the doctor does not leave traces of themselves.
Treatment of chickenpox in children.
Firstly, you must know that chickenpox - it is a virus, so it is not cured by antibiotics.But why do some doctors still prescribe antibiotics?This is done in cases where a chickenpox in children joined bacterial infections, festering bubble begins.Often this is due to constant scratching the rash.That is why treatment of chickenpox in children requires careful attention of parents.It is necessary by all means to try to distract the child from scratching the rash.Read your child a story, play quiet games.Usually treatment of chickenpox in children performed on an outpatient basis.
Although the symptoms of chickenpox not so unbearable for the child, it is still desirable for the duration of the disease (about a week) to maintain bed rest.No specific treatment for chickenpox not.Medicines of it does not exist.But it is possible to minimize the discomfort caused by this disease.In order to prevent new lesions, often change the bed and underwear.By the way, wet rash can not be, it will only aggravate the discomfort and lengthen healing bubbles.The only exception is the short-term adoption baths with the addition of a weak solution of manganese.By the way, as to take a bath or have no opinion of Russian and European pediatricians disagree.European pediatricians believe that it is necessary to take not a bath and bathe in the shower with strong symptoms of chickenpox , and small children just need a shower, because the kids are more likely to suffer from bacterial infection that penetrates through the wound.Young children can not explain, that can not be scratched.In such cases, the shower can significantly alleviate the condition of the child.But our pediatricians strongly against bathing in the shower, and the bathroom in the period of acute lesions.But in any case, should not swim under running water.In addition, it is desirable to observe the simple diet. Chickenpox in children occurs much easier with the expulsion from their diet all possible allergens.dairy and vegetable products are recommended for use.Do not do without a hearty drink, as with any disease.It is especially necessary to use a sufficient amount of fluid a child who has a fever, because the heat can even cause dehydration.Usually chickenpox in children takes a lot of energy, loss of appetite, but every effort should be smart and to make up for the baby and the fluid deficiency of nutrients in the body.
is clear that treatment of chickenpox in children suggests and receive antipyretics.Giving your child an antipyretic must be at body temperatures above 38-38,5 degrees.From antipyretic aspirin is not recommended, especially for children under 12 years.Usually when a symptoms of chickenpox recommended intake of medicines containing paracetamol.He is at the correct dosage, safe for children, has antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect.In order to relieve this symptom of chickenpox as itching, you can ask the pediatrician appoint an antihistamine in a safe dosage, for example, "Diazolin".When changing lesions to the eyes, you can use a special eye gel "Acyclovir", which effectively fights against the herpes virus.
Many parents are absolutely certain that treatment of chickenpox in children is blur brilliant green bubbles.Even now, walking down the street in this way you can easily determine the child had been ill with chickenpox - the characteristic "specks" of green fodder.In fact, Zelenka does not treat the symptoms of chickenpox , and performs a function of decontamination, prevents the penetration of bacterial infection in the wound.This is especially important for children.Doctors also convenient to these specks determine - whether the child is contagious.That is not a brilliant green treatment of chickenpox in children and serves for fixation of new lesions.It is very convenient, especially for doctors.Besides Zelenka slightly reduces itching.In addition to the green fodder, the rash can simply grease the weak solution of manganese.This option is more suitable for an adult, not wanting to go smeared with green paint.The alcohol in any case can not be lubricated.
Effects of chickenpox in children.
Regarding the external manifestations of the effects of chickenpox in children - it scars left on the spot bubbles.This often occurs in those children, and adults who during treatment chickenpox observed abscess, inflammation of the bubbles.
very serious complications are rare.These include inflammation of the brain - encephalomyelitis.
especially dangerous congenital chickenpox .Avoid chickenpox during pregnancy can be if in time to be vaccinated.Vaccines are made to people who have never suffered from chickenpox earlier .Identify it can be on a special blood test.By the way, if the child has communicated with the patient chickenpox, it has all the chances to prevent the development of chickenpox your child , if the time to be vaccinated.According to the research it is advisable to make vaccination for 48-72 hours after contact with the sick person.But there is such a way "to slow down" development chickenpox in children?It is still controversial, doctors are now.
In most cases of chickenpox in children over years old passes without a trace, without any complications, provided proper care, of course.
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