baby tests : blood, urine
Child Development / / August 12, 2017
Why a child to be tested?
first child analyzes : how, what, why?
Laboratory diagnosis - an integral part of the medical examination.Reasons destination different analyzes: clarification of the diagnosis, prevention of infectious diseases, collection of data on the general state of health of the child .The reliability of the results of the trial depends on the ability to collect the material correctly.
first child analyzes
first analysis in child is taken back in the delivery room.According to the blood drop from the umbilical cord of the newborn determine blood type.At 3-4 days after birth, neonatal screening is performed, allowing to identify hereditary diseases such as phenylketonuria (a congenital metabolic disease) and hypothyroidism (low thyroid function).
blood is applied to a special testblank, which is sent to a lab for testing.On results inform parents only if the disease marker found in the blood.
assays extract up to a year
If the child is safe in her motherand the doctor conducting the patronage, the following tests are assigned to immunization in 3 months.It is general clinical blood and urine tests.
analysis of the child's blood
For general clinical analysis blood is taken from the ring finger.Extreme phalanx wiped with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol, and pierce the disposable lancet.According to the results we can estimate the amount of hemoglobin, erythrocytes, leukocytes and other blood factors.
Do not be alarmed if the figures do not correspond to the "normal" printed on the standard form.newborn blood composition is qualitatively different from the infant's blood, and she, in turn, from the blood of older children.
Clinical Child urinalysis
For general analysis explores morning urine , collected in a dry clean container with a lid.Minimum number urine for analysis - 15-25 ml.Delivery time study material - not more than 1.5 hours.Long-term storage results in the decomposition of urine formed elements, and turbidity change of the reaction and, hence, distortion results.
necessity of putting this "routine" analysis puts many parents to a standstill.Especially parents of young girls.Collect baby urine is not familiar with the potty or "planting" is not so easy.Do not skip the morning portion of the task doubly difficult.
It is important to collect the analysis
not delay the collection of analyzes on "tomorrow" and so within a few weeks.Do not ignore the child's diet for 2-3 days prior to collection analysis.Do not try to "decode" the results - check the results with those indicators that "hammered" in the wrong forms, at different ages for each child their performance.
How to collect urine
«Squeeze diaper or diaper»
popular method, but useless.The disposable diaper is used as a filler gel that absorbs moisture, so that even if we can overcome some, it will be exactly one.Pressing diaper also pointless.Urine passed through such a filter, loses some of its properties.«Pour peas from»
not the best option.If you have an aluminum pot, it should at least be boiled before collection analysis.If a plastic pot, cleanse it does not help even the "toilet duck".The number of white blood cells in the urine collected in a perfectly even washed clean pot, will be higher than normal, and bacterial inoculation is not happy about the result.«Catch the moment and expose the bank out of baby food»
all depends on compliancy baby and agility parents.Bank with a lid should be prepared in the evening.Wash, rinse with boiling water and dried.Immediately after waking up the child should be undercut.The procedure for the collection of urine is conveniently carried out in the bathroom.The noise of running water stimulates urination.You can also offer your child a drink of clean drinking water.«Use the urine collecting device»
Plastic bags with teardrop-shaped hole with an adhesive at the edges.There urine bags, which can be used to seal and transport to the laboratory.Attaching the package to the cause of the child's place, parents can put on top of the diaper.Importantly do not forget to wash away the child and not to stick urine collecting device "for the night."
Over night's sleep the baby defecate more than once, and in the package falls a mixture whose test result may be at the direction of the hospital.The disadvantage of the urine collecting device - it can come off.And many kids iskhitryayutsya pull out a bag of disturbing them.
Analyses baby "pool»
Help for the children's pool gives a pediatrician on the basis of analyzes results on enterobiosis and helminth eggs, and the general condition of the child .Enterobiasis
procedure is performed in the morning, before stool, and requires no special training.Before any scraping child should not wash away.Little patient is placed on the left side, right leg bent at the knee joint and is withdrawn slightly upward.A small spatula or a match dipped in glycerin, is scraping with perianal folds and the lower portion of the rectum.Normally, the material transferred to a glass slide and examined under a microscope, pinworm eggs are not detected.«ova»
conclusion about the presence or absence of helminth eggs (or "ova", as simplistically refer to this analysis) is based on the study of feces.A few days before analysis Avoid taking laxatives, activated carbon and iron supplements, do not use rectal suppositories and enemas.
morning of the test collect a spatula or other improvised means about 2 tablespoons of feces from three different places.For transport, it is desirable to use a disposable container or a clean glass jar with a wide mouth.Ideally, the time of delivery to the laboratory was minimal, but it is allowed to collect stool in the evening (no more than 8 hours) and store it in the refrigerator.
child analyzes, clarifying diagnosis
for biochemical child blood test to a year it is taken from a vein located on the head, or the elbow.Assign study may therapist or medical specialists. analysis to evaluate the function of internal organs and detect a particular disease at an early stage.
By biochemical studies should be carefully prepared and the baby and mother.The analysis shall be empty stomach, but most babies do not have a 8-12 chesov not under force.Therefore, doctors are asked not to give the breast at least 3 hours before the visit to the clinic.Some labs require kids drink water to blood was more fluid.
Preparing mother - psychological.In it, depending on the clinic or be allowed to be present or not.It is worth finding out in advance.Mom, who decided to attend, it is useful to stock up on valerian.In the vein on a thin stick or head kid even an experienced nurse can "get" is not the first time.
child to calm down, you can feed and pet immediately after the procedure.Children quickly forget grudges, if the mother side.
For microbiological studies intestinal dysbiosis feces is collected in a sterile container with a tight lid.Spatula, which shifted the material must also be sterile.The child must be undercut, and to persuade to pee, so that the vessel did not get urine or discharge from the genitals.Pus, mucus or flakes are present in the stool, by contrast, must be included in the sample.
most accurate results of the analysis, delivered to the laboratory within 2 hours.In extreme cases, the deposited materials are allowed in the refrigerator, but no more than 4 hours.occult blood
samples for occult blood test is carried out if there is a suspicion of bleeding of any GI.The material collected in the same manner as in the analysis to "ova".It differs only preparation.During the three days "before" of food excluded meat, liver, fish and all foods containing iron (apples, bell peppers, spinach, white beans, green onions), and vegetables, coloring feces (eg, beets).Avoid brushing your teeth, even minor bleeding from the gums can skew the results.
Pap smear collection of throat, nose and throat are conducted for suspected for various infectious diseases, with tonsillitis and pharyngitis.The procedure is done on empty stomach, before it can not brush your teeth, rinse your mouth with water or drink.It is painless, but unpleasant for kids.It is necessary to widely open mouth, especially in the capture of nasopharyngeal swab.
With older babies can negotiate and ask for patience.Toddlers also have to hold fast that they do not twitch - did not cause yourself the pain and pushed his hands nurse.After all, if a tampon accidentally touches the tongue or mucous, will have to do a smear again.
Analysis of urine by Nechiporenko carried out if the results of clinical analysis of urine revealed abnormalities.Quantitative determination of the content of white blood cells and red blood cells is necessary for the diagnosis of inflammatory processes of the urinary tract: cystitis, pyelonephritis, hematuria, and other hidden.
To investigate urine by Nechiporenko going morning urine.Before collecting the analysis, it is necessary to conduct a thorough toilet of genitals and prepare a sterile container.Going "middle" portion of urine (ie, the beginning and the end of urination is done in a pot or in the diaper, and the container is inserted in only a few seconds after the start of urination).Before any analysis should be:
- consult with your doctor about the rules of collection and delivery of the material;
- prevent antibiotics, not later than two weeks before sampling or tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel about the ongoing therapy;
- prepare a container for collecting the material (in the analysis of urine or faeces): sterile container, plastic wrap or a clean jar with a lid;
- refrain from X-ray and ultrasound, as well as physical therapy immediately prior to analysis.
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