Generic head injuries : swelling, bruising , kefalogematomy
Child Development / / August 12, 2017
Generic tumor, subcutaneous hematoma, kefalogematomy
baby Way to light is not strewn with roses - injury uncommon here.What you should know about birth injuries mom?
To minimize the risk, nature has provided the child strong and at the same time very flexible bones of the skull, connecting them together as natural shock absorbers - sutures and fontanelle.Due to this structure, bones can slightly diverge or converge, to head the nascent child, changing the configuration fit into bottlenecks Mamochkin pelvis.
But defense mechanism may not always protect the baby from the appearance of the characteristic swelling - generic tumor. Usually it passes quickly, and without affecting the appearance and health.Doctors believe this injury a natural phenomenon and try to reassure mothers who are going through because of what happened with the baby.
Ancestral head injuries: swelling, subcutaneous hematoma
Many have scares the word « tumor », although cancer is, of course, irrelevant.Just at the point that was set before the baby, that is paving the way to the outside at the time of birth (or benevolent zatylochek, and sometimes - face, forehead, buttocks), swollen tissue due to stagnation of blood and lymph.
This is due, firstly, congestion that undergoes baby in the birth canal, and secondly, the pressure difference between the inside of the uterus and in the external environment.Because of this difference flasks burst, there are hemorrhages in the subcutaneous tissue and skin.
Sometimes here formed bubbles the size of a pea, filled with a clear liquid.It looks really somewhat scary, but in this case, the mother's fear of big eyes.
swelling subsides quickly, swelling resolves. Already in the second, maximum - the third day of the skin in this area is aligned without any treatment, and purplish-blue bruises fade, turn yellow and disappear by themselves at the end of the first beginning of the second week.
True, there are exceptions to the safe scenario. Subcutaneous hematoma may increase in children who are prone to bleeding.It or programmed in genes associated with increased vascular permeability, lack of vitamins K, C, P, and other substances necessary for blood clotting system.
this point without treatment can not do!Hemostatic newborn introduce substances (vitamins, calcium chloride) and may be connected antibiotics.After all the blood - an excellent breeding ground for bacteria.
hematomas tend to fester, and this can not be allowed! very useful at this time to feed your baby breast - mother's milk reduces the risk of complications.
important point to which pay attention to the doctor to find the baby on the head generic tumor : she has never confined to only one of the cranial bones.
soft tissue edema captures multiple adjacent bones and is not interrupted along the seam between the two.This generic tumor different from kefalogematomy , in which blood accumulates under periosteum appropriate bone - the occipital, parietal, temporal and frontal.When pressing on this place under your fingers like waves diverge.
cephalohematoma occur in infants of 1-2 hundred. In the early days they are usually hidden under the generic tumor and become visible only when it resolves.Do not worry: small subperiosteal hemorrhages disappear in 7-10 days.This did not happen?It is necessary to pump the blood out of the periosteum through special needles.
One - actually for the removal of blood, while the other - so that the vacant space is not negative pressure emerged (it provokes a new hemorrhage).
moms this manipulation scares, but nothing difficult, and there is no danger in it. Now, if it is not done on time, then there is something to worry: cephalohematoma can fester, and subsequently - ossify, leaving an ugly bump on the head of child.
Traces of the skin
the front or back of the neck of the baby and in other areas of maximum stress the skin at birth are sometimes bands of stretching.They will disappear in the coming days.
If the birth canal too narrow, on the neck, face, ears and under the baby hairs may tread marks on the pressure bony protrusions mother's pelvis.These red spots or stripes with small hemorrhages and bruises fade too quickly and tested.
birth injurieseasy delivery: birth injuries
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