Child Development / / March 24, 2016
Expectant and young mums is helpful to know about some of the features of appearance of newborn children in advance.
If you're a young mother, then imagine newborn chubby and smiling creature with pretty folds on the arms and legs.Know all wrong in your life!That mother is throwing a first look at the newborn child, and it seems that with a baby that is not so: a large head, tiny body, crooked legs and arms, the skin in spots.
Do not worry if a newborn baby is not like the baby with the picture.Children rarely are born pink, plump and smooth.Typically, newborns have some features of appearance, disappearing after some time after birth.And in order to dispel the doubts and fears, you just need to talk about it with the doctor in the hospital.
form a newborn baby's head
Often mom is frightened at the sight of non-standard shape of a newborn baby's head - a flattened, elongated to the top and, in general, more like an egg than a round head.
- baby's head is egg-shaped, because during childbirth bones of his skull to adapt generic mother paths.And as this passage is narrow, the head becomes elongated shape.Within a few days, the head of the newborn will be the usual round shape.
- you thought that your baby's head is too big?It can be as an optical illusion, and hereditary characteristics (if any Big-relatives in your family).
- Sometimes moms get frustrated when the child is born completely bald, without a single hair on his head.But this does not mean that it will remain so.Hairs can appear only 7-8 months of life.However, the first hair usually fall.A year to the baby accurately acquire permanent hair.
- stroking the head of a newborn baby, mom feels soft depressions, covered by thin membranes pulsating.It's fontanelles - the place of the skull bones have not yet closed.As a rule, the fontanelles are tightened to a year, but if it happened before, it means that the baby is a characteristic of an organism.
In general, according to the observations of obstetricians and neonatologists, lately more often children are born with the small size of fontanelle.Normally fontanelle about 1-3 cm, but sometimes less.Many doctors believe that this is due to a slightly higher dose of vitamins that get pregnant at the time of gestation.But even if delayed fontanelle early, continue to give the child vitamin D.
Well, perhaps the most fun, what is striking mummy newborn child, - a snake tongue!The tip of the tongue of the baby seems slightly forked, because the language as it merged with the bottom of the mouth and it is still difficult to stretch forward.Do not hesitate: he is sure to do it within the first year of life.
newborns often, though not always, considering the baby eyes, surprised Mom asks, in whom they are blue like the sea surface?Indeed, many babies are born with blue eyes, but by 6 months eye color changes to its.And then my mother will understand exactly, who failed in the charming eyes.
Sometimes it also happens that in general it is impossible to discern the color of the newborn eyes, because ... he can not open them.This is due to postpartum edema, if the head for a while, "stood" in the birth canal.Do not worry, the swelling will pass by itself.
Sometimes the swelling cause eye infection, but in this case, is always accompanied by mucous or purulent mucous discharge from the eyes.It's still in the hospital being treated, the swelling goes without consequences.
What else can surprise toddler mom, so it's a squint.What is not at all uncommon for newborns.Doctors explain the weakness of the abductor muscles squint eyes.For six months in this state passes its own.
It also happens that a newborn's eyes are bright red.For example, in the case of hemorrhage, caused by lack of oxygen during pregnancy or the fact that the child suffered a difficult birth.Vessels suffer under a lack of oxygen, but then everything goes without a trace.
head, hair, fontanelle, the language of the newborn
|At birth:||When the "defect" will disappear?|
|head oblong||A few days after birth|
|Newborn baby bald||By 7-8 months or later depends on genes.First the hair falls out.By 1 year, will be the permanent hairs, which can then darken.|
|fontanelles - not fused skull bones||to 1 year, or a little earlier|
|forked tongue||By 1 year|
What would Mom or tried to say hello tobaby, taking his fingers.It is her that is unlikely because impacted cams newborn.Pose, when the handle close to the body and legs curled up and pressed against his stomach, doctors called the sublime Buddha posture.All newborns are in this position, which is caused by increased tone in the flexor muscles of the hands and feet.
moms should not worry about this until 3-4 months.Before that age increased muscle tone - the norm.For 3 months a child should begin to compress and decompress fists, fingers and hands trying to grab the toy.If this does not happen, then the problem should be solved with the help of a neurologist who prescribed massage, swimming, gymnastics.
- Look to the hands and feet of the newborn, mothers often notice the bluish hue and the stop cams.This is due to the fact that he has not yet adjusted the circulation, and it is energetically move around, as the feet and fists immediately porozoveyut.
- Mom worries that a baby foot heavily wrapped in or out.And then, and another is due to the weakness of the muscles in the ankle joint.These phenomena are caused by hypoxia (lack of oxygen) during pregnancy.However, worry about it not worth it, because such defects are very well adjusted with the help of massage.
- Sometimes the milk is extracted from the swollen nipples child.It turns out that this is quite normal - for newborn boys and girls.This hormonal crisis newborn.It is caused by the fact that the mother's hormones in the blood were the infant.All will pass by itself.But in any case it is impossible to squeeze milk from the teat!Enough to put on their dry heat.Selections appear on the 3-5 day of life the baby, keep a week and tested.
- Some young mother looking at her newborn boys, do not find their natural place in the testicles.If this happens, it means that the testicle has not had time to fall in the groin up to the birth, and stuck in the channel.Before the year there is no need to be nervous.If the situation has not changed, then the testicles "output" surgically because they do not have to be in the abdominal cavity.Sometimes the opposite situation, the baby is born with a large swollen testicles.This is caused by swelling of the shell eggs.He is not treated and flows by itself, but the kid is watching a surgeon.
- panic sometimes cause bleeding from the vagina in girls, although there is nothing to worry about.This is the same hormonal crisis, which causes the release of milk from the nipple, and he also runs.
- And another "trick" is puzzling moms - navel.Turned out the stump of the umbilical cord does not look aesthetically pleasing, but not for long.After 10 days, it disappears, and the navel becomes beautiful ornate shape sleeping snail.
Fluff on newborn
newborn baby's skin the skin is not immediately beautiful: soft, smooth and pink.First, it can be frustrating.Red spots, fluff, peeling, protruding blood vessels, birthmarks.Let's see, that should cause concern and what is not?
- Sometimes the baby is born with a bright pink color of the skin, fuzz and a very large number of generic lubricant.All this is due to the immaturity of the skin of a newborn baby and goes with the growth.
- Mother we should not worry about peeling the skin of the newborn.It turns out, after all the old bathing sshelushivaetsya the epidermis, the skin and the baby is updated.
- Red spots with jagged edges, too, should not cause fear in parents.Sometimes it is a manifestation of allergy caused by violation of moms food and sometimes an allergic reaction to microbial products that populate the sterile baby's skin.In this case, you just need a good drink of the newborn, and the allergen itself bring the body.
- Some children are born with a vascular red gossamer.These so-called spider nevi but not intimidating to the baby, but do not pass with age, as well as brown birthmarks.With wine and Mongoloid birthmarks kids also remain for a lifetime.Wine birthmarks red are for children of all nationalities.But Mongolian blue spots, usually occur in children of the southern nations, or Asians.
- On the 3rd day of life of newborn skin becomes jaundiced color.If the mother is Rh negative and the child has a positive or a mother I blood group, while the other child and jaundice appears on the 1st day of life, you need additional blood testing.
When disappeared "defects" in the newborn?
|Features newborn||When and what will change?|
|At birth, most often blue||Six months later, will become a permanent color|
|Strabismus newborn||Six months|
|Swelling and redness of the eyes||newborns a fewdays after delivery|
|Hands and baby feet:|
|cyanotic feet and fists in the newborn||It will be worth a little move|
|feet wrapped inside||With the help of massage goes to 1 year|
|feet turned outwards||With the help of massage goes to 1 year|
|gipertonus newborn||muscles through massage goes to 1 year|
After birth mom is experiencing feelings of great happiness.This is, and physiological causes - hormonal changes.She immediately falls in love with her baby without thinking.If the mother immediately after birth is not splashed on the kid then happy, then this is due to different causes, but not the kind of a newborn.
this happens often, if a newborn baby immediately taken away from his mother.Then this joy goes to the medical staff, the surrounding doctors - some all-around great!Sometimes the connection begins to break down during pregnancy if the mother left the favorite or the one with his head submerged in any other problem.
was with a newborn baby in this case, it is desirable that Mommy postpartum ward.But if it really is unpleasant to look after the baby, it is very bad for him.Because with her hands child "reads" attitude.Then it is better to mom helped someone else.And in the meantime she is slowly and gradually entered into the process.
Even if the newborn is not very attractive, it is for mom - superkrasavets.In many schools for pregnant moms, viewing educational films, horrified by the appearance of the newborn.But it is their own baby to be born as their point of view is changing dramatically.His child becomes the most charming, in spite of all the features of the newborn.
Moms are simply not capable of critical approach to newborn child.They love it for what it is.However, a few hours after birth mom may creep alarm.Why is the baby's head shape is not so?Why is his skin flakes?From red spots?Mom sees the newborn and worries.But not because it is not beautiful, but because she wants to help him.She already loves it!
«He is so cute, so small, so fragile," - says mother and seeking support from doctors.This is understandable: it is already driven by the most powerful love of light - the parent.