Pregnancy 13 , 14 , 15,16 weeks
Pregnancy Week By Week / / March 25, 2016
13, 14, 15, 16 weeks of pregnancy
fourth lunar month opens the second trimester of pregnancy.By this time, your unborn baby is practically completed the formation of the major organs, and the fruit becomes fully "human" form.
Of course, this does not mean that the process of development is over, and all the organs and systems function in full - just everything that needs to be present in the human body, is already in place.For example, as early as 13 week formed the beginnings of the twenty milk teeth (teeth can only be cut), appear in the gut villi, which play an important role in the digestion process, and the pancreas begins to produce insulin.The little man is growing, which means that the waiting time with each passing day it becomes less and less
What's going on with the baby
As we have said, at the beginning of the second trimester of the major organs of the fetus is already formed.By the end of the month at the head of the baby hairs appear first - precursors of the future head of hair and body - vellus hair (lanugo).They covered all the body of the baby.These delicate hairs disappear shortly before birth.Sometimes the newborn remains of lanugo stored on the ears and on some parts of the face.
skin on the face of the fetus is still very thin and has a reddish hue.Auricles already shifted to its rightful place (before they were located close to the neck), and the nails were formed almost entirely.The fetus is already capable of periodically emptying the bladder - almost every 45 minutes, the baby makes a "contribution" of the amniotic fluid, and its tiny heart of the night time to pump about 23 liters of blood.
improves coordination of movements of arms and legs.The kid has grown significantly - its length is about 16 centimeters and a weight of 135 g, it floats freely in the amniotic fluid, and feels great.The first in his life habitat is ideally suited for a peaceful development - there is so warm and clean, a pleasant semi-darkness and heard a soft noise echoes, reaching him from the outside world, and the absence of a law of universal gravitation protects against damage.Maybe that's why the majority of people it is best to rest in such a situation, "remembering" the heavenly nine months in the womb?
What's going on with my mother
feels should significantly improve.Possible changes of skin pigmentation - darken average line of the abdomen, nipples and the skin around them.These phenomena have to go soon after birth.On the solution to the problem of early toxicity (usually it ends is the fourth month of pregnancy) occurs relatively quiet period.
virtually ended embryogenesis and formation of the placenta.Now they - the fetus and placenta - tightly connected to each other.Since then, the placenta not only passes to the fetus food and oxygen from the mother and removes toxins from his body, but also an extremely important chemical function, providing the body with essential proteins and fetal hormones.
We hope that you are already quite comfortable with the role of the expectant mother and happy to prepare for a new phase of the relationship with the baby.After the end of the month you can feel the first stirring of the fetus.More likely it is a small event to occur in women giving birth is not the first time and differing lean physique.
Repeated pregnancies, fetal movement, usually becoming noticeable for 2-4 weeks earlier than in anticipation of the firstborn.This happens mainly because the woman already knows in advance what the feeling she should feel.
And the fact that during the first pregnancy mother often does not feel fetal movements until 22-23 weeks is due to a rare delicacy of the first movement.So enjoy the new sensations, because after a while the gentle prodding replaced by sharp kicks and somersaults, typical of later periods.
This period of pregnancy can be critical for women with dysfunction of the adrenal cortex, especially if they are expecting a boy.The fact that the male sex gland of the fetus is already actively produce the male sex hormone - testosterone, and if the mother has any defect of the enzyme system of the adrenal cortex, increased content of this hormone can cause an imbalance.This will raise the level of 17-ketosteroids and, therefore, will endanger pregnancy normal development.
However, in a timely manner to make the analysis will reveal the level of 17-keto steroids in the urine and help you choose the best treatment.This period is optimal for the study of fetal development.Women at risk (.. That is having problems with a previous pregnancy, the risk of genetic diseases, a negative Rh factor, etc.), it is recommended to make the analysis of amniotic fluid - amniocentesis, which will determine not only the presence of fetal malformations, butand his blood type, bilirubin, hormones and proteins, the sex of the child.
possible, do not give up this analysis and do not pull the time.It is at this stage of pregnancy can pass the needle through the wall of the uterus and to take the necessary amount of amniotic fluid for analysis.At this time, the uterus is usually inert, which means that the procedure is the safest.
Without this substance can not be the correct formation of bone and teeth of the child, which begins around the eighth week of pregnancy.Calcium you need twice the usual.Its main sources: cheese, milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, green vegetables, fruits, bell peppers, apples, persimmons, kiwi, lentils.
Night cramps in the calf muscles, exfoliating nails and brittle hair - the first signs that the body of the future mother is not enough calcium.The dairy products contain lots of calcium, but calcium is animal causes excessive ossification of skull kid and difficult passage of the head through the birth canal.Fontanel closes too quickly, which may lead to an increase in intracranial pressure.Therefore, during pregnancy, preferably calcium of plant origin, which does not have such a strong impact.
wonderful source of calcium - an eggshell.Remove the shell from the egg (preferably rural).Clear from the films, ignited in the pan, grind in a coffee grinder.This powder is to take the tip of a knife, and to repay the lemon juice to the mixture hissed.Take 3 to 5 times a day until after convulsions, and then for another week.
If you still like curds, use the following recipe: 1 liter of pasteurized milk bring to a boil, throw a lemon half with the peel, and immediately turn off the heat.When the mass starts to clot, fold it in a colander.
Tips expectant mother
your pregnancy has entered a new stage, and your households should realize this fully.In other words, the joy of the significance of the event is to give way to a normal "business" with respect to the question of the addition to the family.Everybody is trying to help the expectant mother to support her.Now it is very important to encourage these efforts to close - in fact joint efforts, more than anything, bring together family.Take care and attentions with gratitude, but do not let yourself turn into the incubator, hatching precious heir.
Do not give up homework, if you like and forces, as well as limit their movement or pleasant emotions.Enjoy a good movie, take a walk with her husband in the park, buy yourself a nice new clothes.In general, enjoy your life - and one that develops within you, and the one that rages outside.
looked at myself in the mirror, you can find in the middle of the abdomen brownish line, stretching from the pubic area to the navel.The reason for its occurrence - the deposition of a special pigment substance - melanin.Brown spots (official medicine calls them "chloasma") may occur during the period of pregnancy, including the face - the forehead, cheeks, around the eyes and on the bridge of the nose.Worry about it not worth it - after birth they will disappear by themselves.
However, if you are irritated by the damage done to their appearance, you can try removing chloasma using grapefruit juice (for a month to wipe stains juice, applied on a cotton swab), parsley (juice is best to freeze and for wiping use ice cubes) or cucumber.Generally it is recommended to use cucumber juice, not only externally, but also daily taken orally, drinking at least 150 ml per day.He actively displays the body of toxins, is a source of many essential trace elements - for example, silicon, which ensures the normal functioning of the surface layer of the skin.
People are gradually becoming aware of the value of vegetable juices: because Europeans instead of the usual orange or apricot juice has long been chosen beet or carrot.