Obesity and the metabolic syndrome
Diet Weight Loss / / August 12, 2017
World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized obesity a global epidemic and took him under his control.WHO Experts predict that by 2025 the number of sufferers from this disease will reach 300 million people.
No disease does not cause today of so many discussions, as excess weight and obesity.The canons of beauty are constantly changing: in the XIX century pyshnotelye beauty inspired men, no less than at the end of the XX century, long-legged girl is absolutely flat.This duality is reflected in the assessment of completeness even in the medical treatment of the concept of "obese."For a long time it is not considered as a disease, but it had all the prerequisites for this.Today, doctors boldly declare that excess weight slowly but surely undermines the work of the vital systems and in the end can lead to premature death.Physicians have even been able to prove that obese people live less by as much as 20 years.
How to weigh in kilograms?
What are the main causes of obesity?First -heredity and disruption of the endocrine system, and the second (and most common) - a sedentary lifestyle and overeating.obesity peak usually occurs 45-55 years.But if it has a genetic nature, it can overtake you, and at an earlier age.The disease chooses, as a rule, are physically inactive people, especially if they can not imagine their life without the fat and nutritious food and do not tolerate any restrictions.Meanwhile, a simple calculation shows calories, enough extra sandwich with cheese or a glass of milk a day to body weight increased ten kilograms a decade.With the facts you can not argue.
Fat usually prefers to be delayed in its advance a particular place - in men in the abdomen and up, and women on the thighs and buttocks.In order to determine the deviation from the normal weight and the degree of obesity, we offer you to calculate your body mass index (BMI).If the calculations show that it is time to lose weight, do not try to console myself with the idea, they say, in the table there is an error, and not shrug off the problem and immediately proceed to deal with it.Otherwise, you can seriously undermine your health.
BMI = Body Weight (kg): Height (m) x 2
|BMI||weight Characteristics||risk comorbidities|
|18,5 - 24,9||Normal||No|
|25 - 29||Excess||Increased|
|30 - 34,9||obesity I degree||High|
|35- 39,9||obesity II degree||Very high|
|More 40||obesity III degree||extremely high|
Home obesity danger is thatthe beginning of the disease is manifested only an increase of shapes and weight gain."Just think, the extra five kilograms, - tell you - at any time, I will cast them easily!" And to continue seizing troubles and stress in the hope that when they run out, you will regain previous form.And where five kilograms, ten there, and get rid of them, it turns out, is not easy.The more that comes to the fore is not an aesthetic problem, but medical: doctor diagnoses - Obesity II or III degree.From nowhere appears shortness of breath - first at a sufficiently serious physical exertion, and then when climbing stairs or even just a brisk walk.
Superfluous kgs are an excessive burden for the musculoskeletal system: there is a tendency to arthrosis, arthritis, changes in the structure of the spine.It becomes inactive.Not withstanding gravity erased intervertebral discs, vertebrae fly, pinched nerve roots and inflamed articular cartilage.Heavy
same forms of obesity are accompanied by hyperhidrosis (sweating) in the skin folds that often leads to the development of dermatitis, eczema and boils.Obese women is disturbed reproductive function in men decreased potency and increases the risk of prostate disease.
But that's not all!According to clinical studies have shown that obese people excessively organic changes observed cardiovascular system, which can lead to atherosclerosis and myocardial hyperfunction.Just imagine: if the heart is surrounded by a shell of fat - fat permeates even the heart muscle and can be one-half of its total mass.The picture is not a pleasant one!Subsequently, cardiac insufficiency added dysfunction of the respiratory system, frequent laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, congestion, pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis.
In recent decades, scientists and clinicians began to consider different complex metabolic disorders and diseases associated with obesity.As a result, they concluded that these pathologies have common manifestation, and combined them as "metabolic syndrome".
characterize it as a set of possible changes in the body, leading to a profound metabolic disorders.For the first time on this issue drew the attention of Professor Raven in 1988 and proposed to call it a syndrome X. Scientists conducted their own research and proved that the combination of obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and blood sugar levels - the shortest way to a heart attack and stroke.
metabolic syndrome or syndrome X, - a sort of payback for our urbanization: physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle, which in the future may result in serious health problems.There is even a schematic diagram of these effects: Metabolic syndrome - 10-20 years - Atherosclerosis - 10-20 years - heart attack, stroke.
The presence of the metabolic syndrome can tell if a person has at least three of the following symptoms:
- increase in blood sugar levels;
- dyslipidemia (alteration of lipid ratio in the blood);
- early atherosclerosis;
- coronary heart disease;
- increase the level of male sex hormones in women.
By the way, according to statistics, X syndrome affects about 20% of middle-aged and elderly persons.And their number is growing every year.
Fortunately, the disease is amenable to correction.Of course, this process is a long and gradual, so count on the immediate effect is not necessary.It starts with a slow growing thin, no more than 500 grams per week.During the year, the weight loss should be 10-15%, for the second - 5-7%.During the treatment will have to severely restrict the use of carbohydrates, salt, animal fats, spicy food and alcoholic beverages.Fractional best feed, at least four - five times a day, and drinking water without a conventional gas - of at least 1.5 liters per day.The next step on the road to recovery will exercise in the fitness club or swimming pool under the supervision of a trainer.
fat - the most energy-intensive products (one gram provides nine calories).He does not split completely and easily deposited in reserve, almost demanding it of energy.Therefore obesity should increase the amount of vegetable fats in the diet to restrict foods rich in cholesterol and saturated fatty acids.
Hidden fats accustomed to eating fast foods, frozen foods, which are widely available on store shelves.A refined carbohydrates thrive in sugary carbonated beverages.For example, in a bottle 0.33 liter soda dissolved sugar full eight bits.
not more than 80!
Do a little test.You know the amount of your waist?Believe again: it must not exceed 80 centimeters.A few more of its value (from 81 to 87 centimeters) shows about obesity and the likelihood of associated complications.So you've measured the waist.The number above the norm?It is time to take action.
From radical methods, such as liposuction or plastic surgery to reduce body fat, refuse once.They give a good cosmetic effect, but do not eliminate the causes of excess weight.Compliance with strict diets, too, does not fit - the result is unstable: the mass is reduced, but only for a while.
So the first thing to do - to limit energy intake from food to 500-1000 kcal per day.In order not to exceed this rate, calories count buy and make your own weight loss program, providing for fasting days (milk, kefir, rice-Compote and watermelon one - two times a week) and physical activity of varying intensity.Adhere to the following recommendations also.
- Try as much as possible to move.Even if you live on the 20th floor, walk a few flights of stairs on foot.Very helpful!
- Recall that in addition to the car has great recreational vehicle - a bicycle.Ride on it every day not far from home, and even better - in a nearby park.
- Give yourself daily to pass the word on foot for at least three kilometers.
- House, if you have an au pair, take over some of her duties.
- In the country enjoy a landscape design, change chess tennis or football family.
- on holiday not slept on the beach and go hiking in the surrounding area - you will not only learn a lot of interesting, but be sure to lose a few extra kilos.
Restrictions on eating and daily physical activity are unlikely to deliver you great pleasure, therefore, combine business with pleasure: supplement routine trips to the SPA-center, hydrotherapy (hydrogen sulfide, iodine-bromine, radon and contrast baths), underwater shower-massage, mud therapy.But remember: all procedures should be carried out on the advice of a doctor and under his supervision.The doctor not only monitors your general condition, but also draws attention to the fact that the body weight is reduced by fat, but in any case, not muscle tissue.
Pharmaceuticals and Health
If losing weight through diet and exercise is given to you is extremely difficult, it is advisable to take dietary supplements.Beautiful therapeutic effect of metabolic disturbances produce nutraceuticals and antioxidants.For example, if the last prediabetes (alpha lipoevoya acid, coenzyme Q-10) cells help better assimilate glucose.With regard to the correction of lipid metabolism, today in the pharmaceutical market has enough quality and Lipid-soluble vascular drugs - angioprotectors.
Consult an expert - he correctly assess all risk factors will develop a long-term comprehensive program of correction and will monitor its implementation.But you have to clear all recommendations and best efforts: it is 60-70% success rate.And remember that all known in the world of vegetable or synthetic drugs can excrete only 30-40% fat.
metabolic syndrome is very useful seaweed.Daily prophylactic dose - just two teaspoons of algae: dry, canned, pickled, cooked in a variety of salads.The soup, vegetable soup and tea can be added to the dry sea kale.Contraindications of this product, with the exception of iodine intolerance.