Urgent lose weight
Diet Weight Loss / / August 12, 2017
How to reduce weight
To understand how to lose weight it is important to understand the reasons why it has increased, as well as the mechanism for fat accumulation.And it will have to turn to the basic concepts.Thus, fat cell (adipocyte) actually consists of one large fat droplets.If there is an imbalance between lipolysis (fat breakdown) and lipoginezom (synthesis of adipose tissue) in the direction of the latter, then the process will go to fat accumulation.Adipocytes are characterized as hypertrophy (increase in volume) and a hyperplasia (increased).It is important to realize that adult adipocyte is not divided, but may take on a certain amount of fat storage, resulting in the amount of fatty tissue increases due to hypertrophic growth.But there are times and conditions under which it comes an increase in the number of adipocytes (hyperplasia).Hyperplastic growth of adipose tissue is provided by progenitor cells (pre-adipocytes).
obesity before birth
child is born rather fatness by hyperplastic growth of adipose tissue in the third trimester of pregnancy.Overfeeding him during this period, the mother creates the preconditions for its future predisposition to be overweight, as the number of adipocytes in their lifetime remains virtually unchanged, and all of them at every opportunity, will seek to fill their vacuoles.The next period of hyperplastic growth of adipose tissue in humans is necessary to pre-pubertal and puberty.Overfeeding adolescents is very important for further adipose tissue status during this period.Hyperplasia in adult adipose tissue has a poor outlook for the reduction of body weight, asevidence of serious endocrine disorders and cerebral.
When filling fat all existing adipocytes to a critical level progenitor cells begin to divide, to do something kuda all incoming fat.Moreover metabolic risk increases with the size of adipocytes.Interestingly exeperimental spent on criminal prisoners who were obese and giperinsulemiya caused sverhkaloriynym nutrition and insulin levels increase was due precisely hypertrophy of fat cells.
while maintaining the level of consumption of the deposited fat is transformed from the "reserves for a rainy day" in place of "waste disposal".
In Russian - whirligig will
The distribution of adipose tissue is genetically mediated.Clearly traced sex-linked family type, predicted with a high degree of probability, and the deposition of fat in favorite places.By type of deposits of fat tissue secrete obesity: abdominal (android, central) - male type gynoid (yagodichno- femoral) - female and mixed type.It is a good predictor is the ratio of waist circumference to hip circumference.The value of RT / v in excess of 1.0 for men and 0.85 for women, evidence of abdominal type of obesity, the prognosis for that, especially in the case of abdominalno- visceral obesity, the most unfavorable.Women in the climacteric period can develop abdominal obesity of male type, since the process is apparently estrogen-dependent character.Abdominal fat distribution also helps a sharp sbros- weight gain, known in English literature "yo-yo dieting".
Where we add?
When consumption steadily exceeding consumption, there is a problem of placement of excess fat.If all fat depots have already been filled, it is necessary to store it in other places.But what?When the question arises, why fat is stored in certain places, it is necessary to think, but where in fact, you can do it with minimal consequences.
use of reserves by increasing their number has become more of a problem.Besides adipocyte, which reached the size limits, needs extra protection (imagine what would happen if swung to sit on the bag with milk), which is provided by an expanding connective tissue.The situation is compounded by disruption of the structure of the membrane of the adipocyte.The cells swell more, connective tissue septum sealed, synthesized more intercellular substance, etc.As a result, even more difficult evacuation of the contents of fat vacuoles.The longer these stocks are not in demand (at the continued level of consumption and consumption), the more difficult it will be to put them into action.So there is something that is not written in the textbooks on dermatology, but very actively discussed on the pages of popular izdaniy- "cellulite" is not yet a foreign body, but not the fabric with active exchange.After all, in any weight loss program first it will be spent what is available (for a normal person more buckets fat in the body).And before you try a variety of methods to stir up the "cellulite" fat, you have to figure out how to use the products of lipolysis.If this does not take care in advance, freed triglycerides simply pumped from one place to another.
'll have to go on a spending spree
Obesity as a disease state is determined by the combined action of a number of factors, including isolated and separately consider:
main axiom is predetermining roleexcess food, which appear in the background all the primary and secondary forms.
All known today genetic diseases that lead to obesity are, on average, a hundred times smaller frequency compared with the statistics of obesity
amount of energy that a person spends a significant impact on the development of obesity.Increased activity reduces fat stores, but only on condition that they spend much more energy than it receives.It is also important to stress that people who exercise regularly, lipolysis system is far more dynamic than the people leading a sedentary lifestyle.
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a convenient yardstick to measure overweight, especially when it is necessary to examine large groups of people without much cost.But even with the amendments to the constitution, BMI does not give information about the distribution of fat in the body (even when using the additional param- OF / ON).Much more accurate data can be obtained by simple inspection.But the most informative, of course, is a survey in which the measurement is lean body mass (fat- free mass, muscle mass and bone or, more precisely, everything that is not fat) and fat mass (body fat) by computed tomography.
Ich bin patient
In surveys obesity is positioned as a disease, but such a definition lies a kind of trap.People tend to treat the disease as a necessary evil, which influence the self rather complexity required for this effort.In this definition, most people readily sees justify their lifestyle, writing off emerging problems in the circumstances that they change can not.If any condition is declared disease is thus the responsibility of the person can pass on "zdravohranitelnye" bodies.
All the problems related to obesity, occur against a background of excess supply.This idea is very simple, but not too pleasant.Unfortunately, there is still treated more profitable than to take preventive measures and outreach.It is worth mentioning that the frequency of hereditary diseases that provoke the development of high degrees of obesity, is not too large.In any case, the massive spread the word obesity, they can not explain.But the most important thing is that these diseases also occur against the background of excess supply.Of course, a person can not be put in a cage and fed according to the instructions (which, for example, significantly increase the life span of experimental animals).And the man himself, as the low effectiveness of various diets, can not long restrict your diet.Only the self-formation of individual diets, taking into account health status, preferences and capabilities allow to follow the chosen course without a painful struggle.But to come to a reasonable compromise can be only realized the importance of the problem and the potential risks.Eventually, this should make each selection.
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All existing wildlife examples of a monstrous obesity are always adaptive nature.For example, Godwit, which displays their chicks in Alaska, before rolling across the Pacific fat percentage is 55% of body weight.The secret of the subsequent weight loss is simple: fly over the ocean 11 thousand kmOf course, this way of solving the problem of overweight people seem disappointingly simple, and it would be desirable to demonstrate their intellectual superiority.And therefore, the development of pharmaceutical drugs to combat obesity is in full swing.