The effects of rapid weight loss
Diet Weight Loss / / March 24, 2016
to Lose Weight ...
How often we (and some permanent) have to lose weight quickly in the summer, New Year, birthday, March 8, February 23, etc.(Right or is underlined).Gaining we mesyatsami- years, and want to quickly lose a week or month.We are not going to discourage you is a completely useless, much less utter - they say it was necessary to take care of this before.No, we have another problem.I tell you now that it happened, what it's all cherevato and how to minimize the negative effects of "rapid weight loss".
Designed by nature as a natural reserve for feeding a child, unforeseen illness or starvation, the fat gets out of control and begins to exist as an independent body that affects many processes in our body.Fat, for example in a pending abdominal, hormonal changes, increasing testosterone levels in women and, conversely, decreasing in men.To maintain and increase its mass, fat requires more and more calories stoking appetite and causing bulimia.In many times increasesload all the internal organs, a person experiences great physical stress and emotional pressure.All of this eventually leads to the understanding that "you can not live like this," and urgently needs to lose weight.And even those who do not have a large surplus, but want to quickly izbavtes from 5-7 kg.are at risk, which occurs when a high-speed reset.So what's the danger of rapid weight loss.
Getting rid of fat
We will repeat again and again that the wrong quickly lose we lose muscle mass is not less, and sometimes more than that of the fat.Which leads to a slower metabolism and fat burning ability of the body (fat burn in the muscles, and we are destroying them).From an aesthetic point of view, the result is also not happy."Jelly-like" muscles can not impress.And after the end of a rigid diet is restored in the first place, and in a larger volume of fat, and only then the muscles, and to a lesser extent.As a result, while maintaining or even hold the weight at a lower value, we have to have a higher percentage of fat than to "lose weight".And to keep the weight now requires fewer calories (fat consumes less energy than muscle in 9! Time), so we need to be more "stricter" to him and have even less.Clap.This metabolic trap shut.We have maneuvered themselves into it.But this is not the most negative consequences "for weight loss ..."
First we must understand the nature of fat.Previously it was thought that the number of fat cells hereditary thing, ie,along with the color of eyes and hair is genetically programmed and permanently (ie, cells do not divide).But now there is evidence to refute it.It is known that maternal nutrition during pregnancy in many ways can influence the process of laying the number of fat cells child.A fat cells themselves under certain conditions, such as obesity, may be further divided.And to reduce the number of these cells is possible only surgically (liposuction, abdominoplasty).
fat in the body is divided into brown, subcutaneous and internal (visceral).Brown is used for thermoregulation of the body.In newborn infants, the percentage of its maximum, that is why they are well protected from hypothermia.Subcutaneous fat in our mind.Reborn its shape is known as cellulite.It annoys us the most, and with it we are conducting an unceasing struggle.But the inner (visceral) is more dangerous, though not visible.He deposited around and within the internal organs, impairing their function.It penetrates into the muscles and muscle fibers, even the heart.Circulating in the form of fatty acids along with the blood vessels by fat can be deposited on the walls of the vessels themselves, narrowing the passage for blood, or clogging of plaque-causing heart attacks and strokes.Therefore the need to dispose of the total fat, and not only on the visible part.In fairness it should be noted that female hormones protect women from good "diseases of civilization", putting all the excess fat on the thighs and buttocks.But with the onset of menopause we lose this protection.It was during this period of sharply increasing the likelihood of strokes and heart attacks.
fat cells, fatty acids
So fat occurs in fat cells called adipocytes.To it went from there, he has to break down into fatty acids and glycerol.The signal for this decay is either lowering the concentration of fatty acid in the blood (diet), and the lack of need to replenish, or increasing concentrations of ATP degradation products (training), which is an energy source and which are necessary for the synthesis of fatty acids.Glycerol is not interested in us, and his fate in this case we neglect.
Once in the blood, the fatty acids are transported in complex with albumin proteins.The higher fatty acid in the blood, the greater will be correspondingly higher albumin and blood viscosity.This is the second pitfall of rapid weight loss.
fatty acid portion may be used for working muscles produce ATP energy.The muscles work more actively, the more fatty acids will be utilized.The final products of breakdown of fatty acids are carbon dioxide and water.The weight of the water is about 7.5 times the mass of "burnt-out" fat.Thus, if you "burned" 200 gr.fat in a week, then everything is fine.And if 1.5 kg per week (ie 6 kg per month as many of us want it), then the blood volume will increase by 1.5 liters a day!This is despite the fact that the average person in this volume of 5 liters, so the increase will be as much as 30%.And this water is necessary to pump sosudam- load on the heart, and bring the body - the load on the kidneys.Those.with the rapid discharge of the heart and kidneys are working on iznos.Eto third pitfall.
very bad situation where we lose weight on diets without some fitness that would "burn" fatty acids that circulate blood through the vessels.And the faster we lose weight, the avalanche of blood concentration of fatty acids, and the more likely the deposition of cholesterol in the blood vessels.Unable to find application in non-working muscles, fat, and sent directly to the liver, which is unable to cope with its processing, which may in a few seantsev "rapid weight loss" lead to its fatty degeneration (cirrhosis).