- 1 Product Benefits and harms
- 2 selection and preparation of the subtleties
- 2.1 Popular questions
- 3 Delicious recipes
- 3.1 with tomato juiceand vegetables
- 3.2 with garlic and cilantro
Culture refers to herbaceous legumes, common in Central and Asia Minor.At the same time for our food, it is not foreign to the product.In Russia grits appeared in the tenth century, and in the XV already formed the basis of the table of ordinary people and the rich.First baked cakes of it, boiled pottage.In the menu, the second it fell generously seasoned with oil, with vegetables and meat.
Lentils remained an important ingredient in cooking the flesh to the Russian Bolshevik revolution.Then its production declined in the twentieth century has come to naught.Her place was taken by a simple, high-calorie and rough potatoes, useful properties are far inferior to the impact on the body legume.
Benefits and harms of the product
Lentils are rich in vegetable protein (up to 60% by weight of the grains), which is well absorbed by the body.It is no accident it is called the best choice athletes, as it is able to quickly restore muscle tone and strength.The composition of the product and other useful components.
- Vegetable fats .It contains valuable unsaturated fatty acids that the human body can only get from food.Omega-3 and 6 are responsible for the health of blood vessels, improves skin condition.
- Vitamins .Especially rich in lentils, beta-carotene and vitamin C. Recent form the health of the nervous system.Property cereals calm nerves has been known since antiquity.For example, in ancient Greece, physicians have recommended it to restore emotional balance.
- Trace .The amount of folic acid in it is 90% of the daily norm.Use lentils lies in the large amount of potassium, responsible for the functioning of the heart, zinc and iodine.The record is called her and iron content.Therefore, the application is recommended for anemia.
Another important advantage of lentils - in its environmental safety.The plant can grow even in contaminated areas, but does not accumulate harmful substances.Therefore, its use is recommended for all.Contra is only idiosyncrasy that can occur bowel distention.However, such an effect on the body lentil is more common myth than a proven fact.
Selection and subtleties of cooking
In stores cereal represented by species of bright colors.It is not its different varieties, and the same food culture, but different maturity.
- Green - immature grain, they should boil 30 minutes.Suitable for cereals and salads, as retain their shape, but becomes very soft inside.
- Brown - characterized by a pronounced nutty flavor.It is added to soups, salads.boiling time - 40 minutes.
- Red - preparing faster than other types of culture.Suffice it to 15 minutes, so that it crumbled in the sauce.
When you select should pay attention to the grain size, the presence of impurities.Quality lentils 5-6 mm in diameter, without waste, uniform hue.Packaging should be sealed, as it absorbs moisture.Storing grain optimally in a tightly closed glass jar in a dark place.
- How to cook porridge of lentils? grains go through and rinse, pour in boiling water, simmer on low heat until tender.
- How much water is needed? proportion of cereal with whole grains is 2 parts water to 1 part of the cereals.
- Do I need to soak? for most varieties do not require soaking.The only exception is black lentils, which should be kept in water for 30 minutes and then boiled.But selling it is very rare.
- When you need to add salt? At the end of cooking, or the cooking time increases.
- What product to combine? its optimal combination with vegetables, herbs.The finished dish seasoned butter sauce.
- spices What use? The question, how to cook lentil porridge, you will cloves, bay leaf, rosemary, sage, mint.
offer you several solutions to this useful cooking cereals with vegetable ingredients.Use the popular varieties of red and green culture.
with tomato juice and vegetables
This dish combines all the ingredients that perfectly complement the rich taste of unripe lentil beans.Perfect recipe for a summer menu and a bright highlight dietary table.
you will need:
- green lentils - 1.5 cups;
- tomato juice - 1 cup;
- water - 2 cups;
- onions and carrots - 1 of root crops;
- Garlic - 2 cloves;
- celery (stalks) - 2 pcs .;
- coriander - ½ tsp;.
- Peel and finely chop the vegetables, garlic and celery.
- Fry in vegetable oil and season with coriander.
- Pour prepared lentils, pour in the water.
- Wait until boiling, simmer 15 minutes over medium heat.
- Pour tomato juice.
- Cook for 15 minutes.
dish can be used as an independent for lean or diet menu.On the table everyday, it goes well with fish and meat products.
with garlic and cilantro
This porridge recipe red lentil carries us to the eastern cuisine.But good for our table.
you will need:
- red lentils - 1 cup;
- onions - 2 large heads;
- cilantro - beam;
- garlic - 3 cloves;
- vegetable oil;
- Peel the onions, garlic, chop.
- Fry onion, 3 minutes, add the garlic.
- Rinse the lentils, place in pan, protomai 1 minute.
- Pour 2 cups boiling water, add pepper, salt.
- Chop cilantro and season the dish simmer lentils until soft.
If you overdo this dish on the fire, it will turn into a puree.To save enough grain shape 15 minutes boiling.
Hopefully these recipes, how to cook porridge of lentils, can help you become better acquainted with the valuable and tasty legumes.And she - take pride of place in your daily menu.