Article Contents

  • 1 Provenance polbyanoy cereals
  • 2 composition and useful properties
    • 2.1 Calorie and nutritional value
  • 3 Selection and storage
    • 3.1 buying Tips
  • 4 classic recipe
  • 5 original recipes multivarka
    • 5.1 with beef
    • 5.2 with fruits
    • 5.3 mushroom

Historyorigin polbyanoy cereals

ancient type of wheat with an unusual name "spelled" was born in the fifth millennium BC.e.Especially popular this cereal was in ancient Rome and Greece, it was here that he made of bread for ritual sacrifices.

In ancient Russia learned about the spelled to the X-XI century.Farmers could not get enough of his good fortune, because dvuzernyanka (previously called so spelled) was unpretentious to the weather.Polbyanye hard flakes rich in fiber could withstand the fierce winter and dry summer, on productivity is not affected.But it was also the main drawback - bad ears cleaned and given a little grain.It was necessary to work hard to grind them into flour.

Around the middle of the nineteenth century, began a sharp decline in crop emmer and development of other softer grains, so this simple species of wheat was forgotten.But times are changing, "everything is new - this once-forgotten old".Again, nutritionists put polbyanuyu porridge on a par with the most useful products for your health.

composition and useful properties

Spelt - a wild wheat, which contains in its composition a huge amount of protein - 37%, which nourishes the human body, resulting in the feeling of hunger a long time makes itself felt.Spelt retained as part of the natural set of chromosomes in its original form.Worldwide polbyanaya croup is considered an environmentally friendly product.

Table - Content of vitamins in cooked spelled

Vitamins content of 100 g % of the recommended daily norm
B1 (thiamine) 0,103 mg 8,96
B2 (riboflavin) 0,03 mg 2,2
B6 (pyridoxine) 0,08 mg 7,12
B9 (folic acid) 0,013 mg 6,5
E (tocopherol) 0,26 mg 2,6
PP (niacin equivalent) 2,57 mg 13,99

Table -mineral content in boiled spelled

minerals content of 100 g % of the recommended daily norm
Potassium 143 mg 2,8
Calcium 10 mg 0,8
Magnesium 49 mg 14,7
Sodium 5 mg 0,5
Phosphorus 150 mg 20,6
Iron 1,67 mg 15,8
Manganese 1,091 mg 65,4
Copper 0,215 mg 21,9
Selenium 0,004 mg 13,2
Zinc 1,25 mg 2,9
for people who are watching their weight, polbyanaya porridge was simply irreplaceable, because it contains vitamin B6, contributingtoxins and cholesterol.Porridge is often included in the diet of athletes and children.Spelt contains no gluten, so it can be used for people suffering from gluten intolerance (celiac disease).

shell spelled even after grinding retains useful properties.Regular eating oatmeal helps polbyanoy:

  • improve the work of the digestive system;
  • improve emotional state;
  • normalization of the nervous, endocrine and cardiovascular systems;
  • reduce the risk of cancer;
  • strengthen the body's defenses.

Contraindications are absent, but in rare cases there is an individual intolerance.

Calorie and nutritional value

Product Calorie Proteins Fats Carbohydrates Glycemic Index
Polbyanaya porridge on the water 127 kcal 5,5 g 0,9 g 26,6 g

Selection and storage

Krupa spelled was undeservedly forgotten because of the difficulty of cleaning the grain from the hard scales.But today polbyanaya porridge has been widely used and gaining more and more popularity.

Buying Tips

  • Keep in mind that this cereal has many names - kamut, spelled, emmer, dvuzernyanka.
  • spelled better to buy in health food stores.
  • Pay attention to the tightness of the package and label with a shelf life.
  • Do not take polbyanuyu porridge fast food.She underwent heat treatment, it is better to give preference to the usual spelled wholemeal.
  • high quality Polbyanaya croup must not contain undehusked grains and have a golden brown color.

the storage of cereals should be given special attention.In Russia polbyanuyu cereals contained in bags, today it is best to buy a sealed bowl and place the container in the refrigerator.

  • maximum shelf life - 9 months.After that, the quality of Spelt will decline.
  • Relative humidity - no more than 80%.
  • temperature - not above 20 ° C.
  • not store polbyanuyu rump near strong-smelling foods, especially fish and dried meat.

classic recipe

Especially popular in Russia enjoyed polbyanaya porridge on the water.

You will need:

  • polbyanaya cereal - two glasses;
  • four glasses of water;
  • 350 g butter;
  • sugar, salt.

Preparation

  1. Pour spelled in a colander and rinse thoroughly.
  2. Pour into a small saucepan of water, bring it to a boil and gradually enter polbyanuyu rump.
  3. Simmer on low heat for half an hour.After adding salt or sugar.
  4. Before serving, put in the porridge polbyanuyu piece of butter.So you not only will emphasize consummate nutty flavor, but also to make the taste more intense.

original recipes multivarka

With beef

according to ancient recipes at home spelled porridge can be cooked in multivarka.

You will need:

  • polbyanaya cereals - 500 g;
  • two glasses of spring water;
  • onions one head;
  • one small carrot;
  • 300 g pulp beef;
  • butter - 200 g;
  • salt, black pepper;
  • parsley, dill.

Preparation

  1. beef, rinse in cold water, then cut into small pieces, season with salt and pepper.
  2. carrot rub on a coarse grater, chop the onion rings.At the bottom of
  3. Multivarki put butter on top - beef, carrots, onion rings.Turn on the "Frying" mode for 15 minutes.
  4. Then the resulting mass enter polbyanuyu grits and two cups of spring water.Close the lid.Turn the mode of "quenching" for half an hour.

Serve porridge spelled an ancient recipe made in an earthenware dish, sprinkle with finely chopped greens.

spelled grains to stick together and not crumbly were previously before cooking, soak them in cold water or milk for 5 hours.It is advisable to leave on all night to grains could well become impregnated.

With fruits

Polbyanaya cereal blends with many fruits.This is a treat you can quickly prepare a child for breakfast.

You will need:

  • polbyanaya cereals - 400 g;
  • two glasses of milk;
  • half a cup of blueberries, raspberries and currants;
  • two bananas;
  • one apple;
  • packet of vanilla sugar;
  • mint.

Preparation

  1. Pour in the bottom of the pan Multivarki warm milk gradually enter polbyanuyu rump.
  2. Turn "Porridge" mode for 30 minutes.Cooked spelled warm sprinkle with vanilla sugar.
  3. Cool and shape on a plate of porridge polbyanoy "hill" with a hole in the middle.
  4. Apple cut into cubes and place in a blender.At the same weight, add blueberries, raspberries and banana slices.Thoroughly whisk all.
  5. prepared in "hill" pour the resulting fruit mix, garnish with a mint leaf on top.

Mushroom

Tasty and simple dish - polbyanaya porridge with mushrooms.A great side dish to grilled meat.

You will need:

  • polbyanaya cereals - 500 g;
  • walnuts - 200 g;
  • mushrooms - 300 g;
  • beef broth - 3 cups;
  • one head of onions;
  • carrot of medium size;
  • butter - 100 g;
  • salt, red pepper;
  • basil.

Preparation

  1. onion and mushrooms cut into cubes, carrot rub on a coarse grater.Chop the walnuts.At the bottom of
  2. Multivarki put 100 g of butter.Place layers of onions, carrots, mushrooms and nuts.Sprinkle with red pepper and turn the "Hot" mode for 10 minutes.
  3. fried mix pour three cups of beef broth, season with salt.Add polbyanuyu rump.Turn the mode of "quenching" for half an hour.
  4. finished dish garnish it with finely chopped parsley, basil and coriander.

Now you know how to cook porridge from emmer.Benefits can be listed for a long time, but the "grain" that spelled porridge is not only easy to prepare, but also useful to introduce into your diet.Energy, good mood and cheerfulness for the whole day, you are guaranteed!