Sore throat during pregnancy - a symptom of a cold symptom or disease ?As well as than to treat a sore throat during pregnancy?
Health / / May 11, 2016
the first signs of a sore throat, when it begins sadnit, there is pain when swallowing, voice changes, many ordinary people do not attach importance to.And some patients are stubborn "heroically" carry the disease "on their feet", ignoring medical advice on bed rest.But not always such banal symptoms suggest a simple cold.
threatening human diseases may be hiding behind these symptoms.This does not mean that every sore throat requires profound diagnosis and hospitalization.But when the sore throat during pregnancy, to avoid the negative consequences of the disease, and to choose effective and safe for a woman to baby treatment, medical advice is required.
sore throat in pregnancy: Causes of malaise
Pregnancy dramatically affects the immune capacity of the female organism.As much as it may sound strange, but the new piece and so dear in the stomach to the body is a half-alien.After all, the child inherits half of his father's genes.Therefore, nature has found the easiest way how to enable the new life developing in the mother's body.It significantly reduced the immunity of women during pregnancy.Physiologically, this process is due to the elaboration of certain hormones, which suppress the activity of leukocytes.
But the changes do not occur selectively, and a woman loses the ability to actively resist elementary viruses and bacteria, which in a normal state would not pose a threat, and promptly destroyed by immune cells.
Rarely have the disease are asymptomatic.External signs and symptoms can talk about many things, and allow a preliminary diagnosis.Sore throat during pregnancy may indicate how the infectious nature of the disease, and about external stimuli and other internal pathologies.
infectious origin of pain in the throat during pregnancy
predisposition to various diseases of infectious nature during pregnancy above.The woman does not live in an isolated world.It communicates with people, goes on public transport, clinic visits, and the work has not been canceled for a certain period of pregnancy.These factors greatly increase the chances of contracting an infection, because many viruses and bacteria are easily spread by airborne droplets.
Often enough a simple handshake or contact with contaminated objects in the form of a telephone handset, a door knob, handrail on the bus to pick up an infection tactile way.And now, after a few days, depending on the incubation period of the infection, sore throat begins during pregnancy, overall health deteriorates.These symptoms may be the first signs of not only colds.
Colds. most common cause of a sore throat during pregnancy.With a weak immune system may occur only soreness in the throat when coughing and fever is absent.But bacteria, triggering disorder present in the body and without treatment can cause complications such as bacterial bronchitis.
Influenza. disease is caused by different viruses.Often but sore throat during pregnancy, the temperature rises.Influenza is able to absorb significantly weaken the immune system and the body.Additionally, the disease can cause different complications in a pathology of the joints, the heart and affect the health of the fetus.
Pharyngitis. inflamed mucous membrane of the throat.Sore throat - the main symptom of pharyngitis during pregnancy.
Tonsillitis. Sore throat is associated with inflammation of the tonsils.Related tonsillitis symptoms include malaise, headache, swollen lymph nodes.There are different types of angina.There catarrhal, lacunar, follicular, fusospirochetal angina.The special forms include viral, fungal and syphilitic.
Chronic forms of inflammation of the tonsils. related to the unfair treatment of tonsillitis.Can be sluggish views expressed by periodic relapses of the disease provoked by the slightest exposure.As well as chronic purulent when the amygdala increased significantly, covered with bloom, have a loose appearance.In some cases washing at the hospital, and even the removal of the tonsils.
Strep throat. often confused with the common cold.When angina increased lymph nodes, fever, and there is stretching the mucus in the throat.Sore throat are intense.
Intestinal diseases. Some types of E. coli can, in addition to fever, dehydration, cause a sore throat during pregnancy.
Measles.Scarlet fever.Rubella. Signs of intoxication, skin temperature and a rash accompanied by lesions in the respiratory tract, causing sore throat.Diseases are very dangerous for the fetus, the fate of pregnancy will depend on the complexity of the disease and pregnancy.
Genital infections. diseases, sexually transmitted diseases as syphilis, gonococcal pharyngitis, respiratory tract chlamydia cause throat problems.
infectious origin of pain in the throat during pregnancy
Sore throat during pregnancy may be triggered by external stimuli or chronic and hereditary diseases that are aggravated due to weakened immunity.
Allergies .Swelling and pain of the larynx is connected with the body's response to certain allergens.
dry, polluted air. Tickling and sore throat during pregnancy can occur due to irritation or inflammation of the mucous exposed to dirty air, it contained chemicals or resins, as well as the lack of moisture.
vascular dystonia. Psychological component of pathology may be exacerbated during pregnancy and provoke the feeling of a lump in the throat, pain and a feeling of suffocation.
Gastroesophageal reflux food.Pathology gastroesophageal sphincter, located between the esophagus and the stomach, causing penetration of gastric fluid into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the throat.
throat injuries. cause of injury of the upper respiratory tract may be a foreign object, accidents, and the impact of hot food, burning mucosa.
Less common, but still encountered pain causes throat during pregnancy include pathology as :
• degenerative disc disease of the cervical, neuralgia;
• vitamin A deficiency, or B2;
• chronic kidney and blood diseases;
• pathologies of the endocrine system.
Sore throat in pregnancy: diagnostic methods
treatment of pain in the throat during pregnancy has been otolaryngologist .When uncomplicated colds will be enough and advice your physician.
survey includes primarily anamnesis disease.What the doctor scans the patient about previous sore throat during pregnancy events, subjective feelings and the accompanying symptoms.
is followed directly primary inspection throat, allowing to find out the state of the mucous membrane, the presence of inflammation, swelling, plaque, enlarged tonsils and lymph nodes.
Based on the findings, the doctor outlines the tactics subsequent survey.
Additional techniques survey include:
• Blood testing for the overall performance and the identification of indicators of inflammation;
• swabs from the throat and nose to detect pathogens.
In the absence of clear-cut symptoms of colds and suspected non-infectious nature of the disease, the doctor may refer for consultation to the profile expert.
Since any infectious disease can adversely affect fetal development, when confirming the infectious nature of the disease need to consult a gynecologist.
Some types of infections for which a sore throat during pregnancy, such as measles, rubella, scarlet fever, influenza can cause fading of the fetus, miscarriage or provoke the development of disease.
Female doctor will assess the condition of the fetus by ultrasound and general examination and assess the level of threat to the kid.
sore throat during pregnancy: treatment guidelines
throat Treatment during pregnancy is aimed at eliminating the causes of disease.Treatment of exacerbations of chronic diseases involved specialists, using specific methods of therapy.
In viral and bacterial illnesses associated with pain in the throat, therapy during pregnancy provides:
• absorption of drops and tablets;
• irrigation sprays;
• Drug treatment solutions tonsils;
• use of antiviral drugs;
• safe treatment with antibiotics.
Remember to treat the throat during pregnancy can not always be familiar drugs.Some of them are contraindicated during this period.
Recommendation on bed rest, drink plenty of warm, frequent gargling than ever relevant for sore throat during pregnancy.
Because of drugs during pregnancy for the treatment of pain in the throat approach:
• sprays and aerosols in the form Ingalipt, Givalex, Bioparox, kameton, Orasepta;
• Faringosept as a well-established medicine for sucking;
• rinses type furatsilina, hlorofillipta, Givalex, Rotokan.
throat treatment, and the use of sprays and lozenges effectively carried out after rinsing.Gargle necessary as often as possible, up to 10 times per day.At the same time apply fresh solutions at room temperature.
addition to use of pharmaceutical agents during pregnancy, sore throat rinse:
• salt or iodine solution;
• diluted lemon juice or beet;
• decoction of chamomile, sage, calendula.
But experimenting with thermal treatments for the treatment of throat during pregnancy risky.Habitual or mustard foot baths can cause miscarriage in the early timing.Such procedures and prohibited at high temperature and under a pressure problems.
Remember, any herbs and essential oils - it is also the drug , they have their pharmacological properties, and this is due to their therapeutic effect.Overdose or incorrect combination of such funds are dangerous, especially during pregnancy.Some herbs can trigger uterine tone and even bleeding.
In any case, the treatment methods would be as they may seem harmless, in agreement with the doctor.Pregnancy is not the time for experiments.Incompatible or hazardous agents and throat can be cured, but it is not known how will affect the pregnancy.
sore throat during pregnancy: recommendations for prevention
If exacerbations of chronic diseases of virtually no one is immune, something to prevent infectious diseases and to eliminate external stimuli under the force of every pregnant woman.
1. Avoid crowds, especially during periods of exacerbation of viral diseases.
2. Always ventilate the room and wet cleaning.
3. moistens the air with additional methods, especially during the heating season.
4. Avoid contact with allergens.
5. Often walk.Important is not the length of stay in the air, namely the frequency of trips.
6. Saturate diet meals and foods rich in vitamin C.
7. Do not forget about the usefulness of fruits and vegetables during pregnancy.
8. Use for disinfection of air natural antiseptics in the form of lemon, essential oils of lemon, rose, lavender, eucalyptus.
9. Do not forget about hygiene.From the purity of your hands, especially after walking and visiting public places, dependent baby's health.
from a sore throat, even during pregnancy, no one is immune.
And even if, despite all precautions, you are sick, do not start intensive home therapy without consulting a doctor.