30 October : what today holidays, event, birthday party , birthdays,
News / / April 30, 2016
Holidays October 30
Day mechanic engineer
Workers of engineering and technical specialties can start counting his feast since the time of the order of the Navy Chief Commander from 1996, and even since 1854.Bol 150 years ago, the organization of the fleet of Mechanical Engineers was established in Russia.Representatives of the profession should have an extensive knowledge base, it is the most demanded specialization among engineers, responsible for the creation of the surrounding space technology and the introduction of high technologies.A striking example of the profession were Henry Ford to produce new car models in 1913 year, or Percy Spencer, patented in 1945, the microwave oven.
And in that day:
International Jazz Festival in Spain
In Barcelona, held this year one of the most famous jazz festivals in the world.The organizers have always believed that the best time of year for this event is the Fall.Barcelona festival is remarkable in that it takes the greatest amount of time.In addition, it serves the largest number of international celebrities, as well as young beginning musicians.The whole month last concerts, which are visited by over 50 thousand people from around the world.At various venues throughout the city placed the scene in some places the concerts are free of charge.Where people communicate with each other, communicate with each other stars.Photo exhibitions and movies allow to get acquainted with the history of jazz and festival.
October 30 (old style 17 October) in the national calendar
prophet Hosea lived in the kingdom of Israel shortly before the destruction of Israel.He devoted much effort to the struggle against idolatry, turning the hearts of Jews to God.His wife led an unworthy way of life and, in the end, left him.Then the prophet even more believe in the rightness of their mission and began to pay the Gentiles with great zeal.Nicknamed "Kolesnik" he received, because to this day have been completed all field work and put the cart before the spring in the barns.Their serviceability was verified immediately before installing storage.That is to say, "breaks up the wheel rim" on Hosea, and in many areas was established winter sledding.At last the creaking carts can speculate about the crop - no creaking wheels - so there will be plenty of food: bread and vegetables.Sadness for the departed summer is reflected in folk art: "Crying in October cold tears."
October 30 in the history of the world and Russia
October 30, 1888 - received the first patent for a ballpoint pen
Already in the late 19th century by John Laud (John Loud) officially patented his new invention - the mechanical pen.Next were Van Vechten Raizberg and Joseph Laszlo Biro.People who had to write a lot of the pen using the ink tanks, very happy new fixtures.The first pilots used ballpoint pens British Air Force.In mass production, the handle has released the first Argentine company, journalist Biro sold her his patent for $ 1 mnl.In the US, the invention got through practical traveling salesman, who patented it in this country and sold the patent US companies.Thus, an unknown salesman, using someone else's invention became a millionaire just because of their business acumen.
October 30, 1696 - adoption of the Boyar Duma under the direction of Peter I the first law on the fleet
new milestone to overcome the isolation of Russia in the world and European community opened a resolution "Naval ships to be ...".The isolation of the country from the political and cultural life has been a major obstacle in the development of society and the state.1 Peter set a goal to find a way to the Black and Baltic seas.To this end, the fleet was necessary.In just a few months two ships were built, four fire-ships and 1,300 small boats that the Azov fleet and began a battle with the Turks for the fortress of Azov.In 1703 the construction of the Baltic Fleet began intensively, and a year later the new warships entered the Neva.The first victory was won only in 1714, at Gangut island.Next were built Caspian fleet and navy in the Black Sea.
October 30, 1653 - The decree of the king to abolish the death penalty for thieves and robbers caught in Russia
Criminals began to punish whip, or cut off the left finger and exiled to Siberia.The death penalty remained in force only during the second crime.All offenders released and ordered them to settle in Siberia, the Lower Volga region and in the Ukrainian lands.However, only after 6 years was reintroduced penalty by hanging, after 4 years, it is replaced with another punishment.Robbers and thieves have become punished by cutting off both legs and the left hand and the severed member nailed to trees to intimidate other people.
October 30, 1941 - Start of the heroic defense of Sevastopol
land defense in Sevastopol at the beginning of the war almost was not, because in July 1941 the goal began to form defensive lines.By the appearance of the enemy on the approaches to the city three lines of defense was completed.October 30 the enemy tried to infiltrate into the city, but it failed due to the resistance of competent defensive lines.Protecting the city lasted for 250 days.Thus, the German troops were not able to expand an offensive in the direction of the Caucasus.Sevastopol was awarded the title of Hero City, awards a medal "For the Defense of Sevastopol" received 30 thousand people.
October 30, 1905 - Nicholas II signed the manifesto "On the improvement of public order»
Revolution of 1905, which began with peaceful demonstrations of the people, was brutally suppressed by the Belarusian authorities with the use of weapons with buckshot.On the side of the revolution moved the destroyer "Prince Potemkin Tauride" of the ships located on the Black Sea Fleet (cruiser "Ochakov" and "St. Pantaleon").Rise of the workers picked up the country - began all-Russian political strike.On his flotae headed Peter Schmidt.October 30, 1905 was convened and the Duma issued a manifesto proclaiming the freedom of speech, assembly and association.It could not be regarded as a victory of the revolution in full.differences result in his estimation was the formation of two political parties - the Democratic Party (liberal-monarchist bourgeoisie) and the Octobrists (the big bourgeoisie (the Union of October 17)).
October 30, born:
Dmitry Pozharsky (1577-1642), a Russian prince, a military and political leader
Rhode Pozharskys is rooted in the deep past the time of Yuri Dolgoruky.For Dmitry Pozharsky momentous moments of life was the participation in the first militia in times of great turmoil in 1611.He was the head of the militia in the second.In collaboration with the merchant Minin they developed a plan to the liberation of Moscow from Polish invaders in 1612.
Diego Maradona (1960) - the famous Argentine football legend
4 Participating in the World Cup, Armando Maradona was the true model and idol of football fans around the world.His qualities - high technology, speed, excellent coordination and endurance, have contributed to the enormous success and receiving many awards and titles.He is the champion of Argentina, two-time champion Italy, South American Footballer of the Year and many others.et al. In 1991, Maradona banned for cocaine use.Since 2008, he coached the Argentine team.
Angelica Kauffman (1741 -1807 years) - one of the few recognized women - painters
In the mid 1760's Angelica Kauffman has received full recognition as a woman -zhivopisets.Pictures of it belong to the era of classicism.This is a large number of contemporary portraits, biblical scenes, fictional and ancient illustrations.Almost the only female artist in the base of the Royal Academy of Arts, she participated in the decoration of the Cathedral of St. Paul in Rome, and made friends there with Goethe wrote his portrait.
Claude Lelouch (1937), French producer, film director, cameraman, actor, screenwriter
famous talented Frenchman began his directing career very early - at age 19, he removes the competition film debut, for which received a prize in Cannes.He took a hidden camera to film the Soviet Union and called it "When the curtain goes up."World fame came to him after the film "Man and Woman" - "Palme d'Or" at the Cannes Film Festival and two "Oscars".He owns his own production company.
Lyudmila Rogacheva (1966), athlete, athlete of the USSR Lyudmila Rogacheva
participated in several Olympic Games and repeatedly became the winner of them.In 1994, she won the Dora games will in Moscow, won the Grand Prix -When the International Athletics Federation, in the XXV Olympic Games became the silver medalist, World and European champion.
Name Day October 30:
this day can celebrate the name day of the holders of the following names:
Joseph, Leonty, Alexander, Andrew, Hosea, Sergei, Julian.