29 October : what today holidays, event, birthday party , birthdays,
News / / April 30, 2016
Holidays October 29
day private security MIA
private security was established as part of the internal affairs bodies in 1952, the corresponding decree of the USSR Council of Ministers for the protection of economic entities, regardless of their departmental affiliation(this explains the name of the service).To date, units of this service effectively ensure the safety of more than half a million private apartments, and 500 thousands of objects on the territory of Russia.
Day of the Constitution of Serbia
28-29 October 2006 in Serbia according to the results of a national referendum a new constitution of the country was adopted, replacing the previous, existing since 1990.Parliament approved the new constitution in November 2006.According to its preamble, Serbia is a state of the Serbian people and citizens who live in it.In contrast to the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia 1990-2006gg that proclaimed the official language of the country in Serbo-Croatian language and the officialalphabets -. Latin and Cyrillic, the new Constitution enshrines as a single Serbian state and the official alphabet - the Cyrillic alphabet.
Republic Day in Turkey
This feast recalls the day the proclamation of the Turkish Republic in 1923.This happened after the constitutional amendments in Turkey, which led to the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire.This festival is celebrated throughout the country.Facades of houses and various institutions in this day adorn the national flag, the people attending the celebrations and take part in a festive procession, and in the evening everyone can watch performances of celebrities in the squares and boulevards and admire the beautiful fireworks.
This holiday was established in memory of the day when in 1918 I All-Russia Congress of young workers and peasants, decided to establish the Russian Communist Youth League, which later became known as the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (YCL).For several generations of Soviet people Komsomol - it is their restless youth, large-scale construction projects, it is currently the heroism and brotherhood Komsomol.At the time, members of the Komsomol was visited by two hundred million citizens, for whom this day, even after the loss of their ideological meaning, was a real treat.
Other memorable events on October 29:
The International Red Cross
October 29, 1863 Swiss Henri Dunant founded the International Red Cross, a humanitarian organization that carries out its activities based on the principles of neutrality.Since its inception, it protects the people affected by armed conflict and internal violence, and assist them.Red Cross headquarters in Geneva.Today, the organization employs about 12 thousand people in 80 countries.
Launch of the icebreaker "Ermak»
On this day in 1898 was produced by launching a Russian icebreaker "Ermak", which became the world's first icebreaker Arctic-class, capable to force heavy ice with two-meter thick.During the construction of the icebreaker watched commission headed by Admiral Makarov.The first test of "Ermak" proudly stood in March 1899, was released from the ice captivity steamers 11, jammed in Revel area.
Opening in Moscow Theater of the Revolution
October 29, 1929 opened a theater revolution in Moscow, which we know today as the Mayakovsky Theatre.He was one of the founders of Soviet theaters.In 1964, the theater became academic.Over the years, it was directed by Meyerhold, Alexander Popov, I. Shlepyanov, Okhlopkov N., Goncharov, Y. Ioffe, S. et al Artsibashev
Folk Calendar October 29 (old style -. 16 October):
October 29 Orthodox world celebrates martyr Longinus.Roman centurion Gaius Cassius Longinus, together with other guards guarding the place of the crucifixion of Christ.When executed the Savior, His blood splattered on the eyes of Longinus, who suffered from cataract, and healed him.So Longinus believed in the divine origin of Jesus.Three days later, becoming, along with other soldiers witnessed his resurrection, he went to preach in Cappadocia, where he was born.He was accompanied by two more soldier, who saw the resurrected Christ.By order of Pontius Pilate, they were caught and beheaded.When the blind woman who found the head of Christians, betrayed their own land, she saw the light.Since then, Longinus was seen as a healer of eye diseases, which need to pray for their healing.
On Longinus was made to get out of the trunks winter clothes for airing.People believed that under the influence of the last of the sun and the first frost it is filled with useful energy and protect them from cold and disease.
Name Day October 29:
On this day honoring Alexis George, Eugene, Ivan Kuzma, Leonty, Terence.
Significant historical event on October 29:
October 29, 1611 in Warsaw held celebrations associated with the "final" victory over Muscovy.These events took place in the so-called "troubled times", which brought Russia the Polish-Swedish intervention and the crisis in the political, economic and social spheres.In July of 1610 as a result of battle Klushinskoy Russian-Swedish army was broken and the Poles opened the way to Moscow.This defeat troops Basil Shumsky has caused political upheaval in Moscow and weaning Shumsky from power.Then followed a series of bloody events, and October 29, 1611 the Polish King Sigismund III festival on the occasion of the conquest of Muscovy was arranged in Warsaw.But Kuzma Minin in Nizhny Novgorod already gathered militia, which in August 1612 will break the Polish army near Moscow and in October 1612 fully cleanse the capital from invaders.
October 29, 1768 Catherine II initiated vaccination in Russia, making himself vaccinated against smallpox.Together with her vaccinated and got her son Paul Petrovich and Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna.Markov peasant boy from whom the Empress received the vaccination and later became the owner of a noble title, emblem and the names of smallpox.
October 29, 1929 on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed the stock market, which was called "Black Tuesday."This morning at the opening of trading desperate brokers, investors and bankers have arranged a sale of tens of thousands of stocks, and the Dow Jones drop reached 12.5%."Black Tuesday" was the beginning of a long global economic crisis, which we know as the Great Depression.
October 29, 1955 in North Sevastopol bay sank the battleship "Novorossiysk", which was the flagship of the Black Sea squadron of the Soviet Navy.His death is referred to the most tragic pages in the history of the Russian Navy.This maritime incident killed more than 600 sailors and injuring about 200. After investigating the circumstances of the death of the battleship State Commission concluded that the cause of the explosion was a German mine, remained in North Bay since the Great Patriotic War, which was confirmed by the nature and form of the explosion.
October 29, 1956 Israel committed an armed attack on Egypt.After a few days the participants of the armed conflict began, France and the United Kingdom.Due to the threat of direct intervention in the Soviet Union it was prevented attempts to take control of the Suez Canal, Egypt nationalized, and the elimination of the power of the Egyptian President Nasser.
October 29, 1998 was launched into space the space shuttle "Discovery", piloted by 77-year-old John Glenn, who was the first American astronaut, and then the flight became the oldest astronaut in history.
Born October 29:
Alexei Gorbunov (born in 1961.), Theater and film actor, Honored Artist of Ukraine, who played more than 40 films, known for the films "Georgia without labeling", "Filer, "" The Pit "," Gold party "," The Countess de Monsoreau "," Land of the deaf "," Kamenskaya "," dudes "and others.
Elena Drapeko (b. 1948), Soviet actress, known for the films "The Dawns here are quiet", "Fatherless", "Lonely granted hostel" and others. Drapeko Elena is a Russian State Duma deputy from the Communist Party.
Ryder (b. In 1971) is an American actress, best known for the films "The Age of Innocence," "Mermaid," "Dracula."
loffe (1880-1960), Russian and Soviet physicist who was engaged in experimental justification theory of light, solid-state physics, dielectrics and semiconductors;editor of many scientific journals, the author of several monographs, textbooks and popular books.
Varvara Fedorovna Stepanova (1894-1958), Soviet painter, who was also a talented graphic artist, designer, artist arts and crafts.Varvara Stepanova's works became the property of many leading museums in the world, decorating halls of the New York Museum of Modern Art in New York, Moscow State Tretyakov Gallery, St. Petersburg State Russian Museum and others.
Joseph Goebbels (1897-1945), the Nazicriminal who was a statesman and a politician in Nazi Germany.