Walnut - a description of the properties , use in cooking.Recipes with walnuts .
Recipes / / August 12, 2017
Walnut - description
Walnut - is first and foremost a strong tree with a spreading canopy and a very developed and strong root system, the diameter of which exceeds the size of the crown five times.Fruit - oval-shaped, about the size of an apricot.Walnut edible core enclosed in a hard shell, which in turn is in soft green peel.If she scrubbed her hands, trying to remove the nut, the skin will turn dark brown color that is not washed for several days.Therefore it is better to wait until fully ripe fruit, when green peel and burst very nut falls to the ground.
Homeland walnut is considered average and Asia Minor, where it has spread around the world, including hit in Russia.In Russia it was called and Voloshskaya, and the king's, and mahogany, but stuck the name "Greek" becausenamely Greek merchants at the time supplied in the Russian overseas nut.
This tree is unpretentious, propagated by seeds, those same walnuts that, getting into the soil, take root and take root.Despite the fact that this growing culture, fruit tree begins only at the eighth to tenth year.Walnut - survivor.It lives four or five hundred years or more, continuing all the time to bring the harvest.Today and walnut groves, and wild trees can be found everywhere in the Crimea, Moldova, Central Asia, the Caucasus, Tien Shan, Northern India.In some countries, such as China, Iran, Turkey, Egypt, United States, Romania, Ukraine walnuts cultivate and export, as well as breeding-engaged.It is thanks to breeders at one time there were walnut varieties with a thin shell, which is very convenient, and high oil content - a valuable food product.
Walnut - useful properties
that the product is both tasty and useful - this happens not so often.Walnut - exactly the case.It is pleasant to the taste and very helpful - contains antioxidants, amino acids, iron, cobalt, iodine, zinc, phosphorus, vitamins B, C, PP, E. Especially it is necessary to use for people engaged in intellectual, hard physical labor, as well as living inareas with increased radioactive background.To meet the needs of the organism in mineral elements, every day is enough to eat four or five nuts.
Walnuts should be consumed to strengthen the immune system and the prevention of anemia, heart disease, vascular atherosclerosis.They help to increase potency, especially if you take them together with raisins, prunes and dried apricots.For the treatment of the thyroid gland, mastopathy, fibroids, benign tumors, diabetes, use tincture of walnut walls.
No matter how useful medi and walnut, some people should be used with caution or not at all excluded from power.In particular this applies to allergy sufferers with psoriasis, neurodermatitis, becauseWalnut - a rather strong allergen.It is not recommended to consume walnuts for children under three years, pregnant women, enteritis, colitis, ulcer.The disadvantages include relatively high and calorie content of the product, which is higher than chocolate, so people with obesity and overweight need to use their limited.In order to avoid unpleasant moments, such as heaviness in the stomach, allergic rashes, vascular spasm, headache, it is not recommended to use Bole 8-10 walnuts a day.
Walnut - calorie
Calories 100 g of walnuts is 648 kcal.
Walnut - use in cooking
walnuts are tasty on their own, they can flip through at leisure.But not less popular they are in cooking.Nuts for a long time and are commonly used in the preparation of various dishes, giving them a taste.Whether sauces, soups, meat, vegetables, salads, desserts, not to mention the baking.Especially widely in cooking nuts are used in Eastern and Caucasian cuisine.Who does not know such dishes as Satsivi, baklava, nougat, churchkhela.Without nuts impossible to imagine some sort of ice cream or sweets, as well as cakes, pastries, cookies, halva.
In cooking, use not only the kernels, and peanut butter, which is charged with fruit, vegetables, salads and added to cakes.A young immature fruits, enclosed in a green shell, cook a tasty jam.
Examples of recipes with walnuts
Recipe 1: Veal chops with walnuts
Useful and tasty dish - tender meat in the diet spicy peanut batter.Veal can be replaced by young beef.Mayonnaise, mustard and honey included in the batter, serve as a link for viscosity and contribute to the originality of taste.If honey crystallized, it is necessary to warm up a little, it will become liquid again.
Ingredients: 600g beef (tenderloin), 2 table.lodges.honey (liquid), 3 stol.lozh.mayonnaise, 1 chayn.lozh.mustard, salt, half a cup of nuts, vegetable oil.
method for preparing
grind nuts in a fairly small crumb - mince, chop the blender or crush with a rolling pin (a rolled pastry).
portioned meat cut into chunks, repulse, salt.
honey, mayonnaise, nuts and mustard mix, coat the pieces of meat and give them fifteen minutes to infuse.
heat the oil, put the meat slices and fry as usual chops on both sides until cooked - ten to fifteen minutes.
Recipe 2: Cake salad with walnuts
Meat salads, which include walnuts, are becoming increasingly popular.And our salad is no exception.Laid he layers, and form very much like a cake.After tasting it, guests are sure to be asked retseptik.This preparation salad several variations, but they differ substantially, sincethe main ingredients remain constant.Among experts, it is called "Fairy Tale", and it is completely justified.Indeed, it is not just a salad - a fairy tale!
Ingredients: 400g chicken breasts, 1 processed cheese, 400g fresh mushrooms, 1 carrot and onions, 2 potatoes, 3 eggs, 3 large garlic tooth, half or one-third of nuts cups (walnuts shelled), salt, mayonnaise, vegetableoil, black pepper.
method for preparing
The first step is to boil the breast, carrots and potatoes.And as long as they are cooked, take mushrooms.Mushrooms cut into not too large, fry in butter, waiting until the water boiled out of them.Transfer to a sieve or colander to glass oil.Cool.
You are ready to assemble the salad.This should be done once on a round or square dish, alternately laying layers.Each layer is slightly prisalivaem:
- boiled meat.It must be cut into small cubes or tear in the fiber arms;
- chopped garlic;
- a rich layer of mayonnaise;
- finely chopped onion, sprinkle it with black pepper;
- coarsely grated potatoes;
- fried mushrooms;
- coarsely grate the eggs (whites and yolks together);
- coarsely grate the carrots;
- coarsely grate the cheese.Previously it briefly, put it in the freezer, it will be easier to rub;
- a rich layer of mayonnaise;
- sprinkle with chopped nuts.
salad is ready, it remains only to cool and leave for impregnation of two or three hours.
3 Recipe: Pear pie with walnuts
Amazingly delicious cake.Moreover, assessment of "five plus" for the taste deserve not only pears in caramel, but also a test that gives elegance almond flour milled nuts.
Ingredients: 3 large pears, 150 g of butter, 1.5 cups of flour, 250 grams of sugar (half and half in caramel in dough), 4 eggs, ½ cup walnuts, a handful of almonds (50g) at ½ tsp.lies baking powder, salt and ground cardamom.
Pears can not be cleaned, but the core of cut necessarily cut into slices.They should zakaramelizovat, ieboil in molten sugar.What are the hot pan pour 2/3 cup of sugar, when it melts, put it on pears and let them boil, periodically turning them into the syrup, so they soaked.When caramelization to make a small fire.Ideally, caramel must be fluid, but it sometimes appears grains.It's not so terrible, becausewhen baking a cake, pear juice will give, and they dissolve.
While caramelized pears, make the dough.Grind the almonds into the flour using a blender.Beat the remaining sugar with the softened butter.Without stopping beating, add the cardamom, and baking powder, a pinch of salt can still be.Then add eggs, introducing them one by one to the previous has had time to soak into the dough.A portion of the crushed almonds and flour.Mix until uniform.
Form slightly oiled.Place the hot, straight from the pan, slice pears.For beauty can be arranged in a circle, like the rays of the sun, or like flower petals.
The remaining caramel boiling add salt (1 / 2ch.l.), And give a little boil, correct to say Uvarov.Do not be afraid that it will be salty.As befits be caramel, it will remain sweet, but it will pass on the salt taste zest.
in the form of pears put walnuts.Just as it is, large pieces, halves.Is ground into flour is not necessary, well, maybe just a little crush hands, ie nuts .kusochki should be large.Above them pour boiling caramel, then put the dough and flatten it.Bake for forty or forty-five minutes (180 ° C).Give the cake to cool slightly and turn, cover form a large plate or dish.
Walnut - helpful tips experienced cooks
- To make the treat in a hurry, you need to fry a handful of walnuts on a dry frying pan, then mix with two tablespoons of honey.
- To quickly chop the nuts into small chips with improvised means, you need to put them in a plastic bag, and the bag - in a towel and roll it with a rolling pin, shaking occasionally.