September 8 : What a holiday today .Events , name and birthday on 8 September.
News / / April 30, 2016
Holidays September 8
original exotic holiday is usually celebrated on the second Sunday of September.Imagine - the cranes appeared on earth long before the dinosaurs 40-60 million years ago in North America!First they migrated to Asia, then settled in Africa and Australia.They can be found almost everywhere, except, perhaps, Antarctica and South America.Most often, they spend the winter in Iran and the West Indies.There are about 15 species of birds, 7 species and live seasonally in Russia.
Several rare species registered in the Red Book.To save the rare species, scientists underlay the eggs of endangered species to the other birds.CMS Crane organized a working group and invited to celebrate the World Day of Crane, just in these days it hosts the annual account of the cranes fly away to the warm countries.Anyone can take part in counting birds in their places with large concentrations.September 8 held photo exhibitions, promotions and festivals dedicated to various types of cranes.
International Literacy Day
International Day International Literacy Dayotmechaet United Nations.The literacy rate of modern man is quite high, and it is a great achievement of civilization.The number of literate people in the world has more than 4 billion.However, a large number of people (860 million) is still illiterate, and more than 100 million children in the world do not attend school.A large percentage of students participating in education programs do not meet the expected level.An important task of the UN is sending a lot of attention on girls and boys who are not receiving an adequate education.
Day of the financial industry in Russia
Ministry of Finance was established by the manifesto of Alexander I in 1801.The oldest institution of Russia overstepped its 200th anniversary, is still playing a key role in the financial development of the state.Financiers in modern Russia - the specialists, conducting financial transactions on a legal basis in the newly emerging budget system.Before authorities face great challenges - to regulate and control the budget cost structure, in which an important role is played by the Ministry of Finance and the entire financial sector, which today celebrates its professional holiday.
International Day of Solidarity of Journalists
4 Congress of the International Organization of Journalists held in Bucharest in 1958, it was decided to celebrate the International Day of Solidarity of Journalists.In memory of the famous Czech anti-fascists and politician Julius Fucik, in the dungeons of the Prague prison, wrote the book "Reporting with a noose around his neck," have decided to hold the event on the day of his death.The book is an anti-fascist and Communist leader Prague translated into 70 languages.On this day, journalists conduct actions, conferences, congresses, share their experience, carry out awards to the best representatives of their professions.
Day Lake Baikal
Siberian freshwater lake attracted at different times of the poets and writers, artists and tourists from many countries.Since 1999, there has been a day of Lake Baikal as an important date in the Russian calendar.Freshwater resources are not infinite - it is a known fact, that's why unimaginably beautiful and deepest freshwater lake in the world has attracted particular attention.To this day Times film festivals, exhibitions and competitions of folk art and crafts, performances by theater groups directly on the lake.Before the feast necessarily arranged Saturday with the participation of not indifferent to the lake of the people.According to scientists age of Lake Baikal about 20-25 million years.
Folk Calendar September 8
Fescue Natalia and Adrian Autumn
Natalia and Adrian - the couple who lived in the early 4th century Nicodemus.Adrian was a pious young men from noble pagan family.During the persecution of Christians by the Emperor Maximilian, Adrian witnessed how 23 Christian martyrs suffered torture and patiently bear the trials.He came to believe in Christ, but learning about it pagans threw him in prison.Natalia suffered great peace, and also earned the crown of martyrs.
On Fescue Natalia began mowing oats.The first sheaf cut placed in the red corner in the house.In oat porridge cooked oatmeal hostess and treated the guests for dessert cooked oatmeal with cranberries.Respect for oats - the tradition of Russian peasants, besides oats - the main food of horses: "It is not driven by horses, oats lucky."Signs of the weather that day matinee touch - cool predicted early and cold winter.Harsh winters should be wary if a birch and oak leaves have not got.
Historical events September 8
September 8, 1380 - held a legendary battle in which Russian troops defeated the Tatar horde.The battle took place between the three merging rivers - Don Nepryadva, Beautiful Sword in what is now the Tula Region and received the name of Kulikov.The battle began about 12 hours, when the fog cleared, and the troops were able to clearly see each other.Initially had a preponderance of the Mongol-Tatar regiments, but the final word is left for the Russian.Scientists refer to different numbers of victims from the Russian side - from 5 to 25 thousand, it is known that 60 percent of the soldiers were not able to return home.
September 8, 1768 - the first time in Russia was introduced the practice to be vaccinated against smallpox - a dangerous disease, which killed thousands of people in the XVIII century.The command to use a vaccine against smallpox was made by Catherine II, it became the first in Russia who tried to imagine medical innovation.Empress planted smallpox from a sick peasant boy, later the baby was given to the nobility, the emblem and the name "smallpox".After Empress vaccinated against smallpox was the entire royal court.
September 8, 1801 - on Nevsky Prospect, Kazan Cathedral was laid, now one of the largest religious complexes in the northern capital.Construction was completed in 1811, before going to war with Napoleon here prayed for the future victory of Mikhail Kutuzov.After the war of 1812 the Kazan Cathedral became a monument to Russian military glory, here he is buried the great commander Kutuzov here kept the spoils of war in those years.
September 8, 1914 - the first air ram made Peter Nesterov, destroyed near Lviv Austrian aircraft conducting reconnaissance operation.After this maneuver Nesterov did not have a chance to stay alive.
September 8, 1962 - fil Andrei Tarkovsky's "Ivan's Childhood", created based on the novel by Vladimir Bogomolov, "Ivan" was awarded the prestigious filmmakers "Golden Lion of St. Mark", awarded in Venice.One of the first victories of Russian cinema in the international arena.
born September 8
Richard the Lionheart (Richard I Plantagenet, 1157 - 1199) - the English king Richard
had become king, as he was the youngest child in the family.The blue-eyed blonde was very beautiful, also wrote poetry, was well educated for his generation.His height 193 cm - a real medieval giant.He was a famous knight, but he was unfit king - has always been greatly influenced by his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine.
imperious and extraordinary woman who has had a great influence on all of his children, and in fact led the revolt raised against the sons of Henry 2. For a time my father was co-regent with his eldest son.After the death of his brother, Richard went to war with his father, trying to restore justice and to win a power to his younger brother John.Richard the Lionheart was a significant person in the history of the country, in spite of the exorbitant taxes, which ended in his conquests.
Rasul Gamzatov (1923 - 2004) - Avar poet and writer Soviet times
Rasul Gamzatovich began to publish their works before the war, and in 1943 the first book in the Avar language.His work - it is also translated in the Avar language of Pushkin, Lermontov, Mayakovsky, Yesenin.Some of his poems have become popular songs.Famous singers considered it an honor to work with Rasul Gamzatovich, in many cities held recitals of the author, in Russian and in many languages of the Caucasus published many of his books.For several years he was the head of the Writers' Union of Dagestan.
Natalia Goncharova (1812 - 1863 years) - wife of Alexander Pushkin
Beautiful modest girl and was always surrounded by male attention.One winter ball at the age of 16 she met with Pushkin, but the story of their meeting was delayed for two years, despite the fact that Alexander made her an offer.He dedicated his bride beautiful cycle of poems.Young married in 1831.Natalie enjoyed great popularity at balls, and well versed in the affairs of her husband edited the writings of the poet carries out assignments.
Family life Pushkin was cloudless, the poet admired the wit and beauty of his wife.They had four children.After 6 years of successful marriage, there were rumors about a possible link with Nathalie Cornet Dantes, and then took the famous duel, ended the life of the poet.Natalia is very grieved at the death of her husband and refused to secular life.She first visited the theater after 6 years, was seen the queen and began to re-emerge in the yard.In 1944, she married again for the general Lansky, gave birth to three children.
Name Day September 8
Name day that day mark : Adrian, Victor, George, Dmitry, Natalia, Peter Roman.