November 9 : What today 's holidays , event , birthday party , birthdays,
News / / April 26, 2016
Holidays November 9
Day of Ukrainian writing and language
Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma in 1997 issued a decree on celebration of Ukrainian literature.Today, more studies are conducted, but it is believed that the onset of the Ukrainian language gave Monk Nestor the Chronicler.There are several options of Ukrainian writing: Cyrillic has ancient origins and natural character, the Glagolitic alphabet - the creation of one man.In the northern Black Sea region have used the alphabet similar to Greek or Roman letters, the eastern regions (Scythians and Sarmatians) used the original Sarmatian signs.In Ukraine, it is also a religious holiday, the first Ukrainian work was performed on this day - Akathist to the Mother of God of Chelm in the Ukrainian language.
International day against fascism, racism and anti-Semitism
This day is celebrated to commemorate the infamous "Kristallnacht" - the mass execution of Jews in Germany in 1938.Black night marked the beginning of the Holocaust - themass extermination of the Jews.During the years of the Holocaust suffered about 6 million Jews.superiority Nations policy has proven to be ineffective, but by far the world's largest problem is Islamophobia.Other people may not like us, but we should always remember that what may lead to restrictions based on nationality rights.The motto of the day - "Never again!»
And in that day:
fall of the Berlin Wall
Today the German nation observes a few memorable days.The last memorable event - the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the beginning of the process of unification of East and West Germany.Since the days of the Cold War barbed wire turned into a powerful five-meter height concrete building with barbed wire on top.Assigning the wall - to limit the movement of people between the parts of Germany.Its length was 45 kilometers and another 120 kilometers of it lasted around East Berlin side.During the existence of the wall, many have tried to overcome it, 1065 people were killed in illegal attempts to go to the western part.In memory of these events, the museum is open.It is a restored section of the Berlin Wall during the 200 meters with a description of the various tools used by the people of East Germany to get to the western part.Most of the wall dismantled for souvenirs.
November 9, 1923 in Munich depressed "Beer Hall Putsch»
Thus ended the attempt of Adolf Hitler to seize power, like the Italian dictator Mussolini.Hitler himself was imprisoned, but stayed only a few months.In 1932, he receives power through democratic elections.
November 9, 1918 in Bavaria was the overthrow of the monarchy.Kaiser abdicated and Germany was declared a democratic republic.
Festival of olives in Spain
Harvest Festival in Spain associated with the day of olives and olive oil.To this day ends in olive groves harvest, and in the small town of Baena arranged a solemn act of gratitude for the gifts of the earth.Fun music and dancing accompanied by a generous feast.On the feast attracts thousands of tourists, ready to taste the local variety of olives and Italian cuisine.Andalusia - the capital of the cultivation of olive trees, around the city is 400 square meters.km.gardens and groves.Oliva praised Homer and Aristotle, Lorca poems dedicated to them, and confirmed the beneficial properties of Hippocrates.Today, a magic olive and its oil is valued much more other products.Gathering olives - a real ritual.Olive Festival arranged a special scale, because olive oil and olive products are perishable and can not be stored for long periods.
Folk Calendar 9 November:
(October 27, Old Style) - a vow to
Paraskeva Paraskeva - Great Martyr Christian, lived in the III century.She was born in Asia Minor in the family of a wealthy senator, but giving up luxuries, he led an ascetic life.During the persecution of Christians, she was subjected to cruel tortures and was beheaded.On this day people give themselves the promises and vows, and make plans.Made a vow promised fulfillment of desires by means of Paraskeva.To avert disaster from the house, followed in silence and give a vow to perform, and then pray in the church of Agia Paraskevi, and ask her for help.The trouble was leaving the next day.
to the historical events of November 9
November 9, 1520 - there was a mass execution of people, "Stockholm Bloodbath»
In 1520, King Christian II of Denmark ordered the execution of hundreds of nobles and representatives of the Swedish nobility.The most tragic episode of the history of Sweden was triggered by forged documents, convicting believers of heresy.This event is the result of intrigues Archbishop Gustav Trolle, defrocked and expelled from the country.His revenge was very cruel.He persuaded the Swedish king to invade Norway and Denmark to Sweden and take another and the Swedish throne.Newly-born king promised amnesty to the inhabitants of the country, but did not keep his promise, and ordered the execution of the townspeople.The persecution of the Swedes stopped the uprising of Gustav Vasa, later marked the beginning of a new royal dynasty.
November 9, 1799 coup "18 Brumaire" put an end to the history of the French Revolution
coup The title comes from the new revolutionary calendar of the French Revolution.He later organized the famous Napoleon Bonaparte, an ardent defender of the revolution and antimonarchist.By decree of the Council entrusted to it to ensure the safety of the republic.Conspiracy at the top and the army support enabled Napoleon to become the commander of the military district of Paris, and to establish the dictatorship of three consuls.He himself took a position of First Consul, actually becoming the head of state.The country has become more modern, and the fate of many nations have changed with France.
Born November 9
Gail Borden (1801-1874 g), the famous inventor
Few people know that ordinary recipe condensed milk has not always existed.In the 19th century a lot of time Gail Borden spent on it to come up with a way to preserve milk.Once one sect, he saw something that gave him the idea - the vacuum pan.He applied this to milk and condensed milk was now capable of storing long-term properties at any temperature.It is not only his invention.Cabanas on the beach, on the mechanical paddle steamer, dumbwaiter, and more - is patented their invention.
Ivan Turgenev was born (1818 1883.), Russian writer
famous Russian writer of the 19th century left a rich literary heritage ( "Mumu", "Freeloader", "Provincial", "calm", "Notes of a Hunter"and so forth.).His most famous novel "Fathers and Sons", "Rudin," "Noble Nest".He was buried at the Volkov cemetery Petersburg.
Alexander Pakhmutova (1929), the famous and beloved throughout the country Soviet composer
Alexandra Nikolaevna was a very gifted child.The first works she wrote in childhood, but the war did not allow her to receive education in their youth.She graduated from the conservatory in 1953, then followed by graduate school and dissertation.As a composer - songwriter, she wrote about 500 works, which are well known and traditionally become hits.In addition, it owns several symphonic compositions, music for children's choir and the music for the ballet.
Velimir Khlebnikov (1885 -1922g.), Russian poet and writer of the Silver Age
Khlebnikov was a true reformer of the poetic language.He created the theory of Russian Futurism and the avant-garde.Myths and cosmological motifs in his performance had a great influence on the work of many writers and poets of the 20th century.Passion Slavic mythology and folklore, folk influenced his creative work, he took the Slavic name Velimir (Victor had at birth name).After the revolution, he has written several works on contemporary subject.The most important work "Zangezi" Velimir Khlebnikov wrote in the genre of "sverhpovest".
Mikhail Tal Nehemevich (1936 -1992 years), Grandmaster Chess
Michael was a genius from childhood.Fold in the mind of the three-digit numbers, he could already 7 years.His memory was just perfect, at the same age, he recounted his father's lecture - lecturer Medical Institute.Passion for chess began in the 10 years old when he came to the chess club.For 17 years, he received the title of the champion of Latvia, at age 21 became the champion of the USSR.The first world championship was in 1959, defeated him, gaining 20 out of 28 points.The following year, won the world championship grandmaster Mikhail Botvinnik.Tal was the youngest-ever world champion competitions.Mikhail Tal was also the founder and editor of "Chess".In 1988, he became the absolute champion of the world blitz games, beating Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov.
Carl Sagan (1934 - 1996), American astronaut
Carl Sagan was a real pioneer of space biology.As a biologist, an astronomer, lecturer, he explored the surface of Venus.Confirmation of his conjectures was held during the expedition "Venera-4" in 1967.It is he who organizes messages extraterrestrial civilizations that are attached to the space probes.During the work of the scientist was awarded numerous prizes:. NASA, Emmy, Hugo and others
Emile Gaboriau (. 1832 - 1873), French writer
Emile Gaboriau is the founder of the detective genre ( "It's widow Lerouge," "It's anumber 113 "," Crime in Orsivale "," Golden gang "and many others. al.).His creativity imitated Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Stevenson and other followers who worked in the genre of detective.
George Ronald Norrish (1897 - 1978), English chemist
Norrish won the Nobel Prize for research and development in the field of chemistry - extremely fast chemical reactions.
Name day November 9:
On this day celebrating birthday party holders of such names:
Ivan, Capitolina, Maxim, Andrei, Athanasius, Willie, Mark Nestor, Stepan, Terence Nicholas.