November 17 : today some holidays, event, birthday party , birthdays,
News / / August 12, 2017
Holidays November 17
International Students' Day
Romantic and happy holiday set by the World Congress in Prague in 1946.However, its history is connected with the events that tragically ended the life of a young boy Jan Opletal, a Czech student.During the demonstration in 1939 on the streets of occupied Prague, he was shot by the Nazis.His funeral was led to the protests, which resulted in 1,200 students were arrested.Many of them were executed in the dungeons of the Gestapo without trial, and others thrown into a concentration camp.Universities of Czechoslovakia were closed before the end of the war.National Student Day in Russia is celebrated on 25 January.
Azerbaijan National Revival at Freedom Square in Baku, a lot of people can be seen on this day.Festive events dedicated to the national revival of Azerbaijan, dedicated to the memory of mass protest rallies in 1988, when the first appeals were voiced by the country's exit from the USSR.History tells us that on the area in those days there were about half a million people.In 1991, Azerbaijan became independent, and in honor of these events every year Azerbaijanis celebrate Independence Day.
military medical worker of Armenia in the Armenian Armed Forces after independence own military medical hospital has been formed, which plays an important role in the formation of the Armenian Army.In 1994 in Moscow, an agreement was signed to end the war in Nagorno-Karabakh, and the country was able to throw all the forces of the internal construction.Training for military and medical hospital has become one of the most important tasks, so in 1994, was formed by the military-medical faculty on the basis of Yerevan State Medical University.Geraci.
Buddha's Descent to Earth
According to legend, on this day from heaven to earth came Tushita Buddha Shakyamuni, taking its latest incarnation.This is the fourth heaven, dwell on it all the Bodhisattva, before become Buddhas.Reincarnation in the fourth heaven comes only when people will be able to awaken and develop the Holy Love, impartiality, compassion, sympathetic joy.Spiritual desires prevail over sensual.Shakyamuni Buddha was named degeneration at Shvetaketu to toe on the ground, he preached the Dharma to his mother and the other inhabitants of heaven.The celebration is to praise the way of the Buddha.On this day, out of the community of monks who came to her for a while, the ritual of giving clothes carried in all the monasteries.
Day district in Russia
Day precinct police chief heroes of the occasion to meet the employment office.After all, their main task - to protect citizens constantly rest on the assigned area.Today, their duties performed more than 54 thousand authorized.Every second crime is revealed with the assistance of police inspector.Groups district was formed in 1923, namely on 17 November.Since then, each year celebrate the most distinguished employees and honor veterans on this day.
Folk Calendar November 17
Memory martyr Nicander and Jeremiah
As disciples of St. Titus, following the teachings of Paul and Jeremiah Nikandr actively evangelize.Worship idols rulers seized the priests and tortured in an attempt to achieve the renunciation of faith.Failing to achieve success, they were executed.It is believed that on this day it is not necessary to go out of the fence or the outskirts of the village.Other troubles incur could even be in the yard, and the weather is strongly promoted this view."Ghost in the outskirts of the day", "Erema - stay home."This day should not let the evil spirits in the house, guard the torch or coal, which they were trying to steal.Even the neighbors do not give fire, protecting your happiness in your home.
Significant historical events November 17
November 17, 1558 - acceptance of the throne of England and Ireland, the last queen of the Tudor dynasty - Elizabeth I
right to the reign of Elizabeth 1, inherited after the death of her sister, Mary I. Englishthe state at this time is developing dynamically, restored the Protestant church ended with the defeat of the Spanish war, Ireland became a colony of England.Aggravated attempts to penetrate British merchants in the New World.The country has sought to consolidate the colonies around the world.Significantly increased the country's fleet, piracy flourished, actually sanctioning Elizabeth 1. It ruled the country for 45 years, this time called "the Golden Age of England."The queen herself never married, but had a lot of fans.It is known that very Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible had her views.
November 17, 1717 legendary swindler 18th century Bessler-Orffyreus demonstrated "perpetual motion machine"
Johann Ernst Elias Bessler-Orffyreus was an adventurer in the warehouse of his character.He furnished the presentation is very solid and has presented his patron Charles of Hesse-Kassel wheel that can rotate without stopping.Within a month the wheels rotate at the same speed, and the glory of swindler swept across Europe.Altogether, they more than three hundred models have been demonstrated.Stop the wheel at first just because it was impossible to stop the latest models at the behest of the master-inventor.Designs can perform some work - to lift weights, move things.For the first time the inventor has shaken its reputation as a maid, has declared a fraud, but not managed to prove this fact.Many today believe that the perpetual motion machine was built, but the secret was not disclosed.
November 17, 1757 - the opening of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg
its founder was the Senate, and the initiator and guardian of Count Ivan Shuvalov.The Academy features include the education of young artists and artists.During 9 years of education students were drawing, engraving, sculpture and architecture.Catherine II gave the Academy a higher status, defining for many years its activities in the development of the artistic heritage and the study and generalization of the world experience.The revolution of 1917 has reduced the value of the academy within the state, and in 1918 it was abolished altogether.Recreate it only in 1932, after the collapse of the USSR it was the Russian Academy of Arts.
November 17, 1869 - was opened for navigation Suez Canal
He allowed water transport to move freely between Europe and Asia by the shortest route.The ceremony took place in Egypt, the yacht "Aigle", held on the first channel, was the princess of France Eugenia in the company of the chief engineer of the construction of Ferdinand Marie de Lesseps.It is known that the channel was built with the use of forced labor in Egypt.Over 11 years of building the country was literally devastated, took advantage of France and England, having established control over it.Along with the introduction of the transcontinental railroad, the Suez Canal has played a major role in the development of the global industry, and also contributed to the further colonization of Africa.
November 17, 1948 - cessation of marine transportation cruiser "Aurora»
warship was put on eternal parking in St. Petersburg, the Naval Museum was opened on its territory.Cruiser Aurora served for 45 years, during the voyage he was fighting and training ship, participated in the First World War.It was with him was produced by the guns, which served as the beginning of the October Revolution of 1917.In the years of blockade cruiser "Aurora" was in Oranienbaum port, subjected to systematic shelling.1992, it again raised Andrew's naval flag.
born November 17
August Mobius (1790 - 1868 years), a German astronomer, mathematician, physicist
his most famous discovery - "Möbius strip", illustrated with one-sided surface.Mobius also published several works on astronomy, mechanics and statistics.
Sophie Marceau (1966) - French actress, director
Career Sophie Marceau has not always been smooth.Once she even had to pay a huge penalty for opting for marriage.However, her talent and theater actress and director has repeatedly celebrated awards and prizes.In Russia, she appeared in the film "Anna Karenina".
Martin Scorsese (1942) is an American film director
whole life of the Italian-born Martin Scorsese, starting from early childhood, he has been associated with the movie.He was asthmatic, cool darkened theater makes it easier to breathe.Although Scorsese in his youth dreamed of becoming a priest, and even entered the seminary in 1970, he moved to Hollywood and began to study cinematography.Almost all of his films have become famous: "Mean Streets," "Taxi Driver," "Raging Bull," "The Aviator," "The Last Temptation of Christ" and many others.
Ivan Pyryev (1901 1968), writer, director, director of "Mosfilm»
most famous works of Ivan Pyreva become loved by the people for many decades."Rich Bride," "Secretary of the Communist", "Tractor", "Pig and shepherd", as well as the adaptation of the historical works of Dostoevsky's "The Idiot", "White Nights".He remained uncompleted film based on the novel "The Brothers Karamazov."
Bronzino (1503 - 1572), Italian painter
Italian portrait painter Bronzino called an imitator of Michelangelo.Combining it with the Venetian style, he wrote not only portraits and murals and paintings for the altar, religious paintings and mythological subjects in Mannerism style.
this day celebrate their name day Nicanor, Dennis and Erema.