Ovulation - the detailed description .The symptoms , tests, and to determine how to calculate ovulation .
Motherhood / / December 13, 2017
What is ovulationWomen who are planning a pregnancy, faced with such a concept as ovulation.This process is very important for conception, becauseIf ovulation has not occurred, then fertilization does not occur, even if the sexual act takes place every day.So what is the ovulation and why without it is impossible to conceive?If you say two words, ovulation - a process that accompanies the output is fully ripe and ready to fertilize an egg from the follicle.It lasts only a few minutes, as soon as the egg leaves the follicle, ovulation is over.
In the body of every woman from birth laid a million eggs.They are found in the ovaries dormant, each egg is hidden in the house - the follicle, and is waiting for their turn to come out.Not all the eggs are destined to mature and be fertilized, many of them still remain in the follicles in the embryonic stage, and eventually die.By the time of puberty, the female body (first menstrual period), in the ovaries of a million is already 300-400tys.follicles.And for the entire reproductive period ovulate about 400-500 mature and ready for fertilization.
About once a month, under the influence of the first phase hormones, several egg cells (10 to 15) are beginning to wake up, to mature and to grow along with the follicles in size.After ten days of a dozen awakening follicles begins to stand alone, it is called dominant.It is much larger than the others, its size reaches about 15-20 mm, sometimes more.When the egg inside it reaches the peak of its maturation, the follicle bursts and the egg comes out, into the abdominal cavity.Here she is picked up by the fallopian tubes and fibers moving them into the uterine cavity.Rather, it is not moving, and the fallopian tubes, cutting, pushing the egg.Within 24 hours, it is ready for fertilization, and if on her way to meet a sperm, then conception will occur.The egg begins to divide, becoming embryo, continuing the movement into the uterus, where it will attach to its wall and pregnancy will begin to develop.If for any reason, the fetus will not be lost or implanted (attached) into the uterus, after some time, under the action of a second hormone, luteal phase endometrium rejection occurs from the uterus, i.e.begin menstruating.In rare cases, you may ovulate two or three eggs, then there is a conception of two or three embryos in women develop multiple pregnancy and birth appear twins or triplets (fraternal twins).
Signs of ovulation (how to determine ovulation)For couples who are planning a child, it is very important to know the time of ovulation, so as not to miss.Are there any signs of ovulation?Yes, and more.Firstly, it may very well help chart of basal body temperature.If a woman is a graph every morning measures temperature and records the readings, she noticed that every month, approximately in the middle of the cycle, the temperature is reduced by 0.2-0.3 degrees, and the next day sharply increased by 0,4-0, 6 degrees, i.e.a jump.So on a day when the temperature drops and the release of an egg occurs, ie,ovulation.The chart can be seen as an ovulatory ceasing temperature.That is, if you see that the temperature went down, then come the most favorable time for conception.It is known that a healthy male sperm retain motility and viability for five days, so if a few days before ovulation, the couple had sexual intercourse, there is a high likelihood that the sperm in the fallopian tube and wait for the egg after fertilization.But the most favorable period is the day of ovulation itself and 12-15 hours after its occurrence.One may ask, why not a day, because the egg is "live" 24 hours?Do not forget that the sperm - is not a Formula 1 car, and it takes time, or rather, a few hours to go through the necessary distance to meet the egg in the fallopian tubes.
Secondly, ovulation can be tracked and no schedule for vaginal discharge.When approaching exit time ripe egg, the discharge becomes more liquid, transparent and slippery appearance reminiscent of egg protein.Spotting ovulatory release fairly easily - they become slimy and abundant, well-drawn.The most accurate method of determining the time of ovulation is considered follikulometriya, or, more familiar name, ultrasound monitoring, when the growth of follicles monitored using ultrasound equipment.The first study carried out at about 10 days of the menstrual cycle, then you need to visit the doctor once in two days before ovulation.
There are signs and symptoms of ovulation.This short-term pain or tingling in the lower abdomen when the follicle bursts.Or increased sexual desire that occurs in some women during ovulation.Yet the focus on subjective symptoms are not necessary, sinceabdominal pain can not ovulatory and increased arousal caused by other reasons.It is better to maintain the temperature schedule, guided by ultrasound monitoring or using ovulation tests.
Ovulation Test Ovulation Test is one of the ways to determine the day of ovulation.They are quite simple and easy to operate.Is a test paper strips, usually of 5 pieces per pack.The strip is divided into two halves - one control with applied colored Valium, another - a diagnostic, to which a reagent.It remains invisible until the strip will not fall in a bowl with urine.They work similar to pregnancy tests only urine reacts not to hCG, and luteinizing hormone.Peak release of this hormone in the body occurs in 12-36 hours before ovulation.Begin testing, focusing on the length of your menstrual cycle.If its length is, for example, 28 days, the first strip should begin to soak the eleventh day.It is advisable to carry out the procedure at the same time and not to drink plenty of fluids before.It is necessary for a few seconds to lower the strip in a container of urine, and three minutes later to see results.If the strip with a reagent in the diagnostic test, half the same color as the control, or darken it, so a positive result.If the lighter the next day, repeat the test.
Days ovulation (ovulation cycle)to roughly determine the day of ovulation, is necessary to know the length of the menstrual cycle.It can have different women have different lengths, the norm is the duration of 21 to 35 days.Each cycle can be divided into two phases - the follicular, before the onset of ovulation, and the luteal, which begins after ovulation.These phases are of different lengths, the first may be from 9 to 21 days, the second - from 12 to 16 days.The second phase is more stable, but the first, even in the same woman, can be extended or shortened depending on the time of follicle maturation, which is regulated and controlled by a complex hormonal process.Therefore, calculating the approximate day of ovulation, should be based on the second phase.For example, when a 31-day cycle, the second phase will be the length of 14-15 days, then it can be expected ovulation day 16-17 of the menstrual cycle.When the 28-day - a 13-14 day cycle, with 21-day - the ninth day.
If the cycle is regular and stable, then ovulation will advance in the same days of the cycle, then you can use this formula to calculate.If an irregular cycle, to determine the date of release of the egg, it is necessary to use additional methods or provide for reserve days to one and the other side, in case if ovulation is late or there earlier than usual.
If there is no ovulationMany women find that ovulation occurs every month.But it is not so.Normally, for a young and healthy body is allowed in a year to two or three anovulatory cycles.The older a woman is, the more it goes without ovulation cycles.By 35-40 years of age may be only 5-7 ovulations per year.And this is also the norm.If ovulation is not at all, in which case we can speak about the violations taking place in the female body.They may be associated with infectious diseases, inflammatory diseases, hormonal disruptions or migrated woman stress.To identify the cause and restore ovulatory cycle, you should contact your gynecologist.In the first place he would appoint laboratory analyzes on hormones, infection and so on. It can send to follikulometriyu to throughout the cycle track, whether follicular development occurs at the same time to assess the condition of the uterus and ovaries, and to observe the changes in the endometrium.If a woman over 35, you must check her ovarian reserve.On the basis of the initial inspection and test results, the doctor prescribes a further examination or treatment.In many cases helps ovulation stimulation.
Stimulation of ovulation If for any reason there is no ovulation, or is very rare, it can help stimulate.It is prescribed only in case if a woman passable fallopian tubes, otherwise there is a high probability of occurrence of ectopic pregnancy.Stimulation is performed only under medical supervision.Depending on the age of the woman and the test results, medication is prescribed a number of hormones.Prescribe treatment, the doctor monitors the parallel growth of follicles on ultrasound.Once the dominant follicle will emerge right size, is injected a dose of another drug - pregna, which triggers ovulation.Drug stimulation - a very effective method of dealing with infertility, which helped so many couples to get a long-awaited baby.
Besides medication, there is also a popular way to stimulate ovulation when taking herbal infusions.In the first half of the cycle, for the growth of the endometrium and stimulate oocyte maturation, drink a decoction of sage brush or red, and in the second phase - broth upland uterus, promotes the development of progesterone, so that in case of pregnancy, to support her at first.To think that all herbs are harmless and appoint a treatment on their own - a very rash step.Drink infusions should be only with the approval of a doctor, otherwise you can harm your health and bring down the hormonal balance.
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