12, 08, 2017
Diet for breastfeeding - a detailed description , tips , diet examples .
Motherhood / / December 13, 2017
Diet for nursing - description and general principlesFor many pregnancy is associated with the inevitable weight gain and subsequent struggle with excess weight.Of course, the weight in any case increases, as it increases the volume of maternal blood, and new tissue, embryonic and placental in the expectant mother.However, with proper nutrition of women recruited during pregnancy weight fairly quickly leaves.What should be the proper nutrition is to the joy of the appearance of the baby is not marred by the loss of a woman attractiveness and malaise?Of course, the pregnant woman should not have, they say, for two, it unanimously repeat and dietitians and obstetricians.However, and dieting in the usual sense of the word during pregnancy can not, and this applies even to women with already existing pre-pregnancy overweight.The fact is that with a serious decrease in caloric intake of a pregnant woman's baby weight at birth is reduced by an average of 250 grams, which could adversely affect its development.
regularity, balance on proteins, fats and carbohydrates, and moderation - these are the three pillars on which to base the power of a woman with normal pregnancy.Nutritionists believe that the daily diet of modern pregnant caloric needs should be in the range of 2300 to 3000 kcal.For the development of the child and women's health in this period are equally harmful as overeating and low-calorie food (less than 1500 kcal).With regard to water consumption, in the first half of pregnancy can drink up to 2 liters per day or more (according to the weather), in the second it should be reduced to 1.5 liters, so as not to provoke a swelling.
In principle, a special diet for pregnant women, however.General dietary recommendations are aimed in this case, refusal of food, which can cause fluid retention and obesity, and the inclusion in the diet of foods that activate the digestion and release of toxins.
daily diet of pregnant should consist of: protein (from 100 to 120 g, of which 70 to 90 grams accounts on animal proteins contained in lean meat, fish, eggs, cottage cheese, milk, etc....);fat (. 80 to 100 grams, 20 grams of which falls on vegetable oils);Carbohydrate (300 to 400 grams in the first half of pregnancy and not more than 300g -.. etc).
Diet for nursing - which products can be usedlist of permitted during pregnancy products consists of fruits and vegetables (especially raw), vegetables, fruits, lean meat, liver, fish, seafood, poultry, eggs, milk, yogurt, kefir,low-fat cottage cheese, mild cheese, legumes, cereals and bread from wheat flour, natural juices (fruit and vegetable), nuts and oils -.. butter and vegetable, for example, sunflower, olive, corn, etc.
Diet for nursing -which products can not be used during pregnancyshould abandon pastry, white bread, as these products more than others lead to metabolic disorders and the emergence of excess weight in women and the newborn.Also at this time is better to forget about the cold meats, sausages, smoked meats, canned meat and fish, fatty meats, cheeses with high fat content, pickles, hot sauce.Under the strict prohibition - alcohol, but good dry red wine, which sometimes can be used in minimum quantities (up to 50 oz.).Coffee, tea (black and green), sugar and salt should be limited.
should also exclude or limit foods produced using "artificial" additives (colorants, flavors and taste imitators), especially sweet carbonated water, to which we refer Cola, Sprite and Fanta.
Diet for nursing - Menu examplesNutritionists recommend pregnant women to distribute food in calories as follows: 30% - breakfast, 40% - lunch, 10% - dinner.Eliminate hunger and alleviate the symptoms of toxicosis extra help eating a second breakfast and afternoon tea, which also should account for 10% of the total daily diet.
Mom should be eaten boiled, steamed and baked dishes.Below are the approximate one-day menu for women at different stages of pregnancy, which will help to orient in the number and quality of food, which she should receive during this crucial period.
first trimester of pregnancy
Breakfast consists of 1-2 fruits, couple of toast with butter or cereal dishes, cooked in the water and dressed with butter.
Lunch consists of 200 grams of cottage cheese, or 2 eggs, fruit or fruit salad.
Lunch consists of a soup with chicken or vegetable broth, a portion of meat with vegetables in the form of porridge, vegetable salad.
Dinner consists of meat, fish or 200 grams.legumes, couple tablespoons a garnish in the form of porridge or potatoes and fruit.
If a woman before going to sleep hurts the feeling of hunger, you should drink a glass of kefir or eat other low-fat dairy products.
Breakfast consists of 200 gr.porridge, seasoned butter and fruit.If, due to the use of the fruit occurs heaviness in the stomach, you can replace them with freshly squeezed juices.
Lunch consists of 150 grams.cheese or eggs and fruit.
Lunch consists of a portion of meat or fish, half portion of soup, half portion of a side dish, a portion of vegetable salad.
Snack consists of 200 gr.cottage cheese with dried fruit, or yogurt with fruit.From time to time you can eat yogurt cake.
Dinner consists of fish or meat (150-300 gr.), A pair of tablespoons of carbohydrate side dish (porridge or potatoes) and vegetable salad.
Bedtime permitted yogurt.
third trimester of pregnancy
In the third trimester should be limited as much as possible to control the use of salt and water to avoid edema.A feature of the power in this period is to reduce the portions of food while increasing the number of meals.
Breakfast consists of toast (with butter and jam or honey) or 100 g.cereal or fruit half.
Lunch consists of 100 grams.cottage cheese or yogurt, berries or fruit.
Lunch consists of a portion of soup and bread.
second meal consists of meat or fish (200-300 gr.), Vegetable salad and dessert (sometimes).
Snack consists of a portion of nuts or seeds and a small amount of dried fruit.
first dinner consists of fruit or fruit puree;eggs (omelets) and vegetable salad, or any meat or fish dish with vegetables;slices of bread or cereal servings.
second dinner consists of a half servings of protein meals with vegetable salad or puree soup with chicken or fish, or from yogurt and fruit.
Before going to bed you can drink kefir.
This menu should only be considered as a basis for drawing up the diet of a pregnant woman.According to the doctor's recommendation, watching her, adjustments may be made in it.
Diet for nursing - tipsIt is important that the expectant mother was nourished not only balanced and regular, but also diverse, so it does not feel hungry and have no nutritional deficiency.In the event of hunger in between meals should not apply to sweets and sandwiches, better to give preference to low-fat slice of boiled meat or fruit.Vegetables and fruits in the diet of pregnant women should be mandatory, as the main source of vitamins.
But, even if the expectant mother consume enough fruits and vegetables, doctors recommend that all pregnant women, without exception, take special vitamins and minerals to ensure normal development of the child.
If necessary to increase the caloric intake during pregnancy, it should do so in the diet by increasing the amount of fruit and vegetables, meat and cereals and confectionery and in this case remain in the list of prohibited products.But this does not mean that pregnant women are nine months should indulge in sweet.Taking the brown sugar, flour, meal, fresh fruit and cheese, you can cook excellent homemade desserts, tasty and healthy.