Motherhood / / August 12, 2017
Complementary food is called food, which is assigned to the child reaches a certain age and physiological indicators.It complements breast milk or infant formula, nutritional value which can not meet the needs of the growing organism.Thanks to the lure, when using baby relatively small amount of food he gets a lot of energy and nutrients in the form of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.Since the first year of the infant's life occurs laying the foundations of his future child's health, nutrition, and solid foods including playing a very important role.
first solid foods - when and how to enter
question when to introduce solid foods, care of mothers.However, to answer this question clearly can not.It is important to understand that the measure of readiness to lure the kid is not only age, but a number of parameters of growth and development, including:
- type of baby-feeding (breast or artificial);
- baby's weight, which must be at least twice its weight at birth (preterm infants - 2.5 times);
- lack kid ejecting tongue reflex (ie, if it is to offer a drink in the spoon, it will be able to drink it, not smudge on the chin).This is important, as the lure should only be given with a spoon, so that he was treated with saliva for a complete digestion.
- a child's ability to sit, lean body to the spoon (showing the desire to eat) or leaning backward (refusing to eat);
- the presence of the baby hunger after a feed mixture or mother's milk, even from both breasts;
- presence at it of great interest to the food that is eaten by his parents, and the desire to try it.
Every child fully all the factors are manifested in the different ages.As practice shows, the most common complementary feeding baby occurs in age from 5 months to 9 months.When breastfeeding opinion pediatricians unequivocally the introduction of the first foods - do not do this, baby up to 6 months only need breast milk.For children who are bottle-fed, provided earlier lure.
mother must remember the main thing - to lure better a little late than to hurry.For example, the lure of 3 months may cause adverse reactions in the body of the child, which physiologically is not yet ready to accept a new food.These reactions can be manifested by abdominal pain, intestinal colic, regurgitation, vomiting and stool disorders.Early complementary feeding can cause serious disruption of the digestive system, requiring long treatment.Another complication of early weaning rash may become allergy which is caused by the high permeability of the intestinal wall for large molecules and immature digestive enzymes, and immune system.This can severely affected emerging baby's immune system, which can lead to frequent infections and the emergence of a variety of chronic diseases.
If complementary foods introduced child having not mature mechanisms of swallowing solid food, there is a danger that he might choke, start to tear and even lose interest in food.Subsequently, due to the load, which will suffer due to the early introduction of complementary foods is not formed children's liver, kidneys and the gastrointestinal system, these bodies will be very vulnerable.
Another negative result of the early introduction of complementary foods is the reduction of breastfeeding, so that my mother can reduce lactation.That's why the first solid foods should be introduced only favorable for this time and only after consultation with the pediatrician, kid watching.
Lure 3 months
As we have said, for 3 months already mature enzymes decreases the permeability of the intestinal mucosa, formed by its normal immune system and the mechanisms that make it possible to take semi-liquid and solid food in the digestive system of the baby.However, at this age to lure should be treated with extreme caution.For children who are breastfed, its introduction is not recommended.Question feeding infants who are fed with a mixture must decide at this age only pediatrician.
Lure 4 months
kid who mom is breastfeeding, still do not need complementary foods, getting all the necessary nutrients their mother's milk.Although at this time the body is already preparing to receive food other than breast milk and infant formula.Babies who are bottle-fed, it is possible with the doctor's permission to begin to give fruit juice, and they must be single component.Better if it will be somewhat familiar to all of us drops of apple juice.
Then, watch the reaction of the child and saw no alarming manifestations in the form of skin rashes, intestinal colic, stool disorders, you can begin to gradually increase the amount of juice a few drops a day.
At the beginning of the easiest way to get the juice possible by rubbing on a fine grater apple and squeezing from the resulting mass through a sterile bandage a few drops of juice to a teaspoon.It is important to remember that to introduce solid foods with the help of a bottle with a pacifier can not.It is necessary to feed the baby with a spoon, and then - to use a cup-drinking bowl.
Lure 5 months
At the 5 th month babies who are bottle-fed, can be administered in the diet of vegetable purees, starting with 5-10 grams and bringing them daily amount in the children's diet 100g.
Lure 6 months
At 6 months, most babies have to be given solid foods in the form of vegetable puree (impaired children can begin to lure cereals).The best vegetables for the first complementary foods are squash or cauliflower, but the carrot is better to be careful, as it can cause allergies.The vegetable puree can add a few drops of vegetable oil.Gradually increasing the dose of complementary foods as vegetable purée should completely replace them one milk feeding.By 10 months a baby should eat up to 200 grams.vegetable purée at one time.
Lure 7 months
Toddler 7 months of age can safely lure porridge.In the first week should be liquid porridge prepared from 100 ml of water and 1 teaspoon of cereals.Then you can start to make it thicker and prepare 100 ml of water and 2 teaspoons of cereal.Toddler at this age can be fed rice, buckwheat or corn gruel prepared from cereals, pre-crushed in a coffee grinder.Porridge is cooked in a little water, and then diluted with a mixture of breast milk or diluted to the desired consistency (but not cow's milk, which is a strong allergen).In the early days, you can only give a few teaspoons of oatmeal, then gradually bring it up to the amount of 150 g.in a day.This portion of porridge can fully replace one breastfeeding or formula.If the young mother did not have the time or skill to prepare a porridge, you can use ready-made porridge, the choice of which is very high today.In their preparation, be sure to follow the instructions.
In addition, the diet of the baby at this age can be supplemented with yolk boiled egg, chicken or quail.The first portion to be not more than a match head, then it can be reduced to half a teaspoon.
Lure 8 months
8-month-old baby should be already offer dairy products, which are very useful for controlling its digestion and strengthen the immune system, as well as fruit purees.At this time, toddler menu can be supplemented with cottage cheese, yogurt and yogurt.Buying these products should be carried out in the departments of baby food or prepare your own mother.At 7 months, the baby can receive 1 teaspoon of cheese and 30 ml of yogurt and kefir.At one year old healthy child can eat 50 grams.cottage cheese and 100 ml of milk beverages.Fruit purees should begin to give 1 teaspoon.Then, every day increasing the dose, it must be brought up to 100-130 g
Lure at 9 months
9 months - a good time to introduce into the diet of baby's such a useful product, such as meat, which is for a growing organism source of protein, iron,and vitamins.However, it should be very careful, and failure kid trying a new dish does not need to show great perseverance with the introduction of meat foods.
Starting meat can lure with rabbit, turkey or veal (some children are allergic to cow protein - hence their diet should not contain veal).Do not offer your baby until broth is better to give him chopped in a blender or finely chopped meat and vegetable soups or puree, so it is better to learn.Starting solid foods should be meat with 0.5 teaspoons per day, eventually increasing the dose up to 3 tablespoons.
Lure 10 months
Fish is characterized by an ideal amino acid composition, it absorbs well the child's body.However, it can be an allergen.Therefore, the first time it should give your baby during breakfast, so that during the day to watch the reaction of his body.Nutritionists believe that children under one year should receive complementary foods are not as meat and white marine white fish (such as hake, cod and so on. D.).The first daily portion of fish feeding should be half a teaspoon, eventually increasing to 50 grams.
Lure 11 months
At this age, you can even expand the toddler diet more offering him different fruits and vegetables.The children of this age, as a rule, is from 4 to 6 teeth.So you can try to give the baby to eat, crushing it in a blender or grinder and slicing small pieces.Instead of mashed meat should already give steam meatballs or patties, and leave the vegetable pieces.
table foods from 4 months to a year: