January 26 : Today some holidays.Events , name and birthday on 26 January.
News / / April 23, 2016
Holidays January 26
International Day of Customs
In 1952 came into force an agreement on the basis of the Council of customs cooperation.The twenty-sixth of January 1953 in Brussels, the first meeting of the Council of customs cooperation.In 1994, the organization received its present name - the World Customs Organization.At the meeting were representatives of seventeen European countries.In 1982, the day of January 26 was chosen as the day of celebration of the day of the customs employee.The idea of the interstate customs union, received a great response from all over the world, resulting from the small and modest organization, Board of Customs has become a powerful and larger international organization.Presently the World Customs community is united under its aegis almost all countries of the world.Day of Customs officers, this is not just an excuse to sit at the banquet tables, but the cause of expression of mutual solidarity in the customs control.After Customs is the guardian of the socio-economic interests of the state and society.Worldwide, there are about one million of customs officers and departments.
Europeans, this day have mastered the Green Island.It is finished the event in 1788, after Captain Arthur Phillip landed in the local bay.Then the British flag was raised, and organized the first colony, which was named New South Wales.These historical events have taken place at the end of 18 years after James Cook when the continent was discovered.This new settlement was named "Sydney" in honor of Thomas Townshend, he was the first Viscount Sydney and secretary of the British Empire.It was he who ordered to send a fleet, which consisted of two warships, called Sirius and Sepplay, and a further 9 units of commodity vessels.According to records made on board these vessels transported 190 women prisoners, 560 men, around 500 sailors, as well as various support staff and their families.Two hundred years ago, this holiday was called Foundation Day.Thirty years later, on the anniversary of this continent, the governor gave the order to organize the fireworks, it was given three guns.All civil servants in the day given the day off.After that, this tradition borrowed from banks and some public organizations.The centenary was celebrated all capitals, except Adelaide.For a long time the first day of the week was the official weekend.The final date approved in 1994.Residents of Australia love this holiday.During the celebration of the whole country becomes a theater arena in which recreates the landing of the first fleet.On this day, there are numerous regattas and parades.At the end of the day the sky is sanctified by numerous colorful fireworks.In the city of Perth, which is the third largest in magnitude, carried out the biggest light shows.In Sydney conducted a music festival in Adelaide and spend a cricket match.In Canberra, in concert with live music, and different hand honors, among them the competition for the title of Honorary Australian of the Year.This award is considered the most honorable.According to the tradition, the people makes a speech, Prime Minister.On this day every citizen of Australia, with pride, if you want to can, do not hesitate to walk through his hometown, holding a flag of the continent.Australians on this day adorn their homes with the help of balloons and flags, thanks to this decoration home look very festive.
Republic Day in India
first time that a national holiday celebrated in 1950, since then it is celebrated every year.In the organization of the celebration attended by the different layers of the population.A characteristic trait of the holiday is the number of different processes carried out in Delhi and in some capitals of various states.In Delhi, it occurs on the main avenue Raj Pathom.Parade starts at the Presidential Palace, and ends near the Gateway of India.Demonstration includes many colorful platforms, they are going to see a great many people.Came become two sides of the prospectus.The festival is attended school children, scouts, folk dancers and orchestras.Before you begin this solemn celebration in the capital comes President with him a military parade, consisting of capital garrison.Those who came to this event have the opportunity to look at the different weapons, and a squadron of aircraft.On this day, they are the folk dance festivals and various pieces of music.Spectators admire the numerous theater performances.For a few days at the National Stadium spend the festival of folk dances, it is attended by people visiting from different states.This day was an interesting ceremony, which is called "Signal lights out."It was attended by the guards of the president's personal guard.They are dressed in picturesque uniforms, such as were still in the Napoleonic era.This event takes place the day after the events at Vijay Chowk.To see this massive spectacle, come all the government heads of different structures, and members of the diplomatic corps.When does this tense and intense activities day, in the evening the army orchestra plays different spiritual bravura marches and lyrical works to play a special role.This ceremony was carried out in the Middle Ages, when the evening came, all the troops ended combat operations, then blew the lights out.With the last rays ceased to perform music and colorful fireworks in the sky appeared.
Day of the Control and Inspection Service of Ukraine
holiday is set on January 26 of 1993 on the basis of the Law of Ukraine "On State Control and Audit Service".Since that time, January 26 employees of the public service, say a special holiday.Control and Auditing Service is included in the system of executive bodies of the Ukrainian state.The main functions of the service are the implementation of control over the distribution and movement of government and budget.Auditing Service may conduct audits and inspections in the state, departmental organizations, institutions and foundations.The main responsibility of the service, first of all, is to monitor the financial activities of state institutions, the preservation of public funds and property.The Audit Service has the authority to conduct inspections in establishments of different status levels, from kindergarten to the country's presidential administration.All organizations dealing with public money and foreign exchange reserves signs necessarily controlled by this public service.Service Motto: "Collect and save the state money"!
on January 26 in the national calendar
In people, this day was named after church date, which was established in memory of the holy martyrs and Ermila Stratonice Belgrade.They lived in the fourth century.This day was to spend at home, because the street was usually very cold.On Eremu peasants watched the behavior of cats that lived in the house.We know that the weather in the future days can be predicted by the behavior of the pet.We know if our cat curls up into a ball and thus hides its face, it is soon to be cold.However, our ancestors gave a variety of predictions.The villagers noticed the cat rolls on sexually paths, so the house is already knocking on the heat, and if the wall begins to tear up, have to wait for the bad weather at the gate.Yet our ancestors asked the cat cure various diseases.Knowing the elderly advise if it is not clear exactly where the disease is necessary to observe where the cat will go to often, then you need to get up to this positively charged place and as long as you can stand on it.Cats are very respected.In ancient times it was believed if someone from the people to kill the animal, the seven years he will not be happy.Still, there were more mundane signs.If that day month was foggy around, people know that there will be a snowstorm.
Historical events January 26
January 26, 1924 Petrograd was renamed Leningrad
«second capital of Russia" - Saint - Petersburg, recognized by the world as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.Currently, the city enjoys a special status - it is a city of military glory, the city of federal jurisdiction, as well as the largest scientific and cultural and industrial center of Russia, the most important seaport.In 1703, during the Great Northern War, Emperor Peter I, founded on Hare Island, Russian fortress of St. Peter-Burj.City actually began to build with the construction of the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, and then, very quickly became frustrated.Petersburg was built on strictly to the approved architectural project.The construction of the city's prominent architects and engineers have been involved.Most of the architectural structures of the city, in our time, become, famous for the whole world monuments and museums.Before the revolution of Saint - Petersburg was the capital of the Russian Empire.When Russia joined the great world war I, the Emperor Nicholas II, for reasons not completely understood, it issued a decree to rename the Saint - Petersburg to Petrograd.In 1917, in the city there were two, opposite in ideology of the revolution: the bourgeois-democratic, socialist and later.Ultimately, the Bolshevik revolution finally won, and came into the city, the so-called Soviet power.After Lenin's death, the city was renamed Leningrad in honor of Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin.The true historical name of the city was returned to him in 1991.
January 26, 1905 mined in South Africa the world's largest diamond
twenty-sixth of January 1905, one of South Africa's mines have been mined in the history of the Earth's largest diamond, weighing more than 3000 carats, which is equivalent to 600 grams.The circumstances of this unusual finding.The head of the mine, "Premier", Frederick Wells exercised his evening rounds ordinary working of the mine away as suddenly noticed a shiny object in the wall of the quarry, nine meters under the upper lip career.When the workers were able to extract the diamond from gangue, they were stunned by its size, the workers immediately realized that this diamond - a natural masterpiece.Nugget was named as the "Cullinan", in honor of the owner of the mining company, Thomas Cullinan.Diamond struck specialists not only in size, but squeaky clean.The nugget various mineral inclusions were no bubbles or cracks.diamond cost was so high that it was not a long time customer.Then it was put in one of Johannesburg's banks, for all to see.Thousands of people could see the miracle of nature.There have been proposals to leave the stone in the museum, as a symbol of the people of South Africa, however, the government of the Transvaal republic resisted this venture.Parliament has decided to sell a unique nugget of Edward VII of the king of England, and for a symbolic price - 150 000 pounds, while the real price of the nugget is not less than 8 000 000 pounds, which is equivalent to almost one hundred tons of gold.The South African government flirted in front of the English crown and rely on certain preferences on the part of England.In 1908, the British authorities decided to break up the stone into pieces and confine him in order to decorate the diamond symbols of royal power, which was done.
January 26, 1788 base Sydney
city received its name on behalf of the British Interior Minister, Lord Sydney.It was first suggested Sidney Minister sent into exile in Australia convicts.The first shipment of prisoners took place in 1787, from Plymouth.In a distant link sent those convicted not for particularly serious crimes, mostly these were petty thieves, poachers, bullies, swindlers, etc.For more serious crimes in England then executed.The first convoy was formed of eleven ships, led flotilla captain Arthur Phillips.The prisoners were placed on six ships, the rest were carrying food, cattle and all sorts of useful things in the household.The conditions under which contained the convicts were terrible, for each prisoner relied individual bunks, over bunks there were several rows of bunks.The hold was dark and hot, and the passage of the cold seas, terribly cold.The main time the prisoners were in good weather they are sometimes released to walk on the deck.The distance from England to Australia was more than twenty thousand kilometers, the flotilla arrived at the destination in nine months after leaving England.Expedition hung January 26, 1788, now in Australia is a national holiday.The first decade of Australia enjoyed a bad popularity, exile continent, and only after the discovery of gold deposits here in the country surged migrants from around the world, who founded modern Australia.
January 26, 1500 Europeans discovered the land of Brazil
pioneer territory of modern Brazil, became the Vicente Pinzón, a Spanish traveler and explorer.At the end of the XV century Vicente Pinzon and his brother Alonso Pinson, participated in the expedition X. Columbus in the so-called "New World".Then Vicente, commanded the caravel "Nina".In 1499 Pinson decided on their own to go to the lands of South America, but his ship was caught in a violent storm t January 26, 1500 year, it was thrown on the coast of modern Brazil.On the new earth navigator planted the Spanish flag and the Catholic cross, as well as the announced new land, the ownership of the Spanish crown.For every stay of aliens on the coast, they met not a single native.As they explored the vast territory from the mouth of the Amazon River to the Orinoco River.However, open Vicente Pinson territory could not belong to Spain, as the Spanish kingdom was connected Treaty of Tordesillas.In 1505 Pinson was appointed governor-general of the city, Puerto Rico.This was the first step in the process of colonization of the island by the Spaniards.In 1508, Pinson, took part in an expedition in South America.After the 1523rd year, any further information about his life there.In his honor is named one of the islands of the Atlantic Ocean.
January 26, 1525 the first printed map of Russia Mapping
appeared much earlier writing, even primitive man put on a rock, figures similar to the image area.Ancient Greek scientist Claudius Ptolemy created a great geographical reference circuits, and also wrote a tutorial how these schemes constitute cards.Proceedings Ptolemy became the apogee of the Greek geographical knowledge.In ancient Rus' began to make maps even before Peter I, contributed to this, the institution in old state tradition, marked on the map the limits of their possessions.The first card in Russia was applied to the birch bark.After the formation of a unified Russian state, need to create schemes of all Russian lands, the so-called "Drawing the Moscow lands."This mapping work has appeared in 1497.Later scribe map of Russia was composed, made, famous traveler and scholar Dmitry Gerasimov.In the archives of Ivan the Terrible kept nearly 250 maps, the first work on geodesy were written in his reign.The first printed version of the map of the Russian lands, considered the map, compiled by 25 January 1525, the year at the behest of the magistrates Godunov.In our time mapping is a complex and time-consuming science is closely related to other disciplines.Geodesy Cartography provides data on the forms and sizes of the Earth's surface, aerofototopografiya, generally one of the most important sciences, without which modern drawing card is simply impossible.Cosmography as equally important assistant in the preparation of modern geographical and topographical maps.
born January 26
Stéphane Grappelli (1908 - 1997), a French jazz violinist Stéphane
was outstanding jazz violinist, violin because of him recognized a full jazz instrument.This genius was born in Paris.The boy was brought up in an orphanage because his mother died, and was sent to the war.When the boy was 12 years old, he began to play the violin, and musical career, he began playing the violin on the streets of Montmartre.In the period from 1923 to 1927 years he studied music theory at the Conservatory of Paris.During training, Stefan did not throw play Montmartre.At the same time, he learned to play the saxophone and the accordion.The first popular Grappelli was playing with «Quintette du Hot Club de France» Reinhardt in a band.