FEBRUARY 3: what a holiday today .Events , name and birthday on February 3 .
News / / April 23, 2016
Holidays February 3
first lunar landing
February 3, 1966 the Soviet station "Luna-9" the world's first prilunilas the moon.At the beginning of the XX century, the great Tsiolkovsky, uttered the prophetic words "Humanity will not remain forever on Earth, download timidly and then more boldly, it will conquer the moon and near-Earth space, and behind it and the entire solar system."But before the first timid attempts of people to go beyond Earth, could be realized, mankind's greatest scientists worked to create tools and opportunities for the implementation of such a plan.In 1959, the spacecraft was launched for the first time, managed to fly around the Moon and take a picture of her back side.It turned out that the reverse side of our satellite is quite significantly different from the visible part of the moon.In 1966, photos of the back side of the moon, went around the world, it was a momentous and significant event of all mankind.carrier rocket "Lightning", which brought the automatic station"Luna-9" to the Moon and on February 3, the automatic space apparatus "Luna-9" prilunilsya successfully on the surface of Earth's satellite in 1966 into Earth orbit was launched.Landing on the moon was "soft" and without a problem, the device transmitted to Earth video image of the lunar surface.As it turned out, the surface of the Moon, mostly consisted of meteorite chips and slags.Jealous of the success of the Soviet Union in the space sector, the United States threw all the forces and resources of the country, to carry out an ambitious project for the landing on the moon, man.And in 1969, US astronauts for the first time in the history of mankind and space, landed on foreign celestial body, this event has become the greatest and equated with the first flight of man in space, the implementation of the USSR.
Day St. Maxim the Greek
known that the Greek father was a wealthy Greek dignitary, lived in a town close to Albania.He is bothered that his son received an excellent education, and as much as possible tried to broaden my horizons Man, thanks to numerous trips.Special attention was paid to the formation of a Man languages and different sciences European countries.On his return Maxim took a monk in the local monastery.He was interested in the study of ancient manuscripts, which remained on Mount Athos after the death of the Greek emperors.At that time, the great prince of Moscow expressed a desire to dismantle the Greek manuscripts and books of his mother, he asked his assistant scientist Greek.It was then that the monk Maxim went to Moscow.Upon arrival, he began the translation of the Psalter and the Book of Acts to describe the Slavic language.Maxim made every effort to fulfill its mission of quality.Of course, sometimes there were difficulties which arose due to the lack of knowledge of the Slavic language.Through the efforts of Maxim interested in the Moscow Metropolitan Barlaam, he appreciated them.After the Moscow throne was occupied by Metropolitan Daniel, great changes have taken place.He demanded that Maxim took up translation general church history, which was written by Theodoret blissful.Maksim categorically refused to comply with these requirements, citing the fact that this story bears a certain danger.Because of this, there was discord and Maxim the Greek Metropolitan Daniel.However, these troubles do not affect the future of the spiritual enlightenment of Russia, who committed the Reverend.Maxim wrote many letters and held various interpretations.Among the works of the Reverend were his own compositions.Grand Duke demanded a divorce with his wife, because of her infertility, St. Maximus dared to send him some instructive chapters that appealed to him against the animal instinct.After this act he was thrown into prison.At the time of his life entered a new stage of passive.Once discovered some discrepancies in the translations, St. Maximus was accused of intentional damage books.Maxim was very hard in prison, he prayed in his sufferings.During the prayer, an angel appeared to him and instructed Max to tolerate this flour, because that way he can escape eternal suffering.Maxim wrote on a wall Canon black coal, its up to our times read in the church.Six years later, Monk was released, and went to Tver under church ban.There followed him Bishop Akaki, who showed leniency to an innocent victim Maxim.It was there that he wrote the autobiographical work.Only twenty years later, Max regained freedom, coming out of the church ban.At the end of the life of Maxim seriously ill due to the fact that damaged his health while in detention.
Foundation Day of the Communist Party of Vietnam
Every year on February 3 during the Vietnam celebrate the birthday of the Communist Party of Vietnam.The Communist Party of Vietnam, the only party in the country, other political parties and currents are prohibited.The Communist Party of Vietnam, the only legal, ruling political force.Some historians prefer to call the party Marxist-Leninist."Our Party" - The Communist Party of Vietnam is popularly called.February 3, 1930 in Hong Kong held a conference, which was attended by Vietnamese government in exile, at a meeting attended by Ho Chi Minh.Assembly unanimously supported the establishment of the Communist Party of Vietnam Republic.In 1945, the party was disbanded, for security purposes.In 1951, the party has regained its status quo, but under a different name - Workers Party of Vietnam.At the IV Party Congress, held in 1976, the Workers' Party of Vietnam has teamed up with People's Revolutionary Party of the South Vietnamese republic.As a result of the merger of the Communist Party of Vietnam was formed.Currently, the party is about 3 million members.The party holds an authoritarian dictatorial policy in the country.
Flower Festival in Thailand
February 3, Thailand spend a beautiful and impressive event, which is called the festival of colors.It takes place every year, in the northern part of the country in the city of Chiang Mai.This wonderful holiday to celebrate the start on the first Friday of February and it continues for three days.According to historical records many years ago, the city of Chiang Mai had the name "Rose of the North".He was considered the most beautiful city in the north of Thailand.Locals versed in beauty, and lots of time spent for cultivation of flowers.This tradition has remained to this day.And once a year, modern gardeners show their masterpieces on the festival of colors.The inhabitants of the city is very proud of what they have annually held an amazing event of global significance.If the name of the city translated into the Russian language, it would sound like "many colors".In this festival the city of Chiang Mai is transformed.On the streets you can see the marching men and children, women and musicians.The colorful and noisy procession held in every corner of the city.Tourists try to take part in this unusual procession.In the city are a huge variety of colors.Girls traditionally sew for this festival exotic costumes, and at the end of the festival decided to choose the most beautiful girl of the day.Selected beauty becomes the queen of flowers.On this day, all the activities begin early in the morning and ends late at night.The festival pass, festival filled with a variety of interesting events: the opening celebration, procession, demonstration and competition of floral artists, fairs, presentations, and a beauty pageant queen.
February 3 at the national calendar
February 3 revere the memory of Maxim the Greek, which is known as a religious writer and translator.St. Maximus is popularly called the comforter.It was accepted to consider that he is able to help people with any adversity.The farmers prayed to him about that he defended the orphans and widows.Everyone in the day Maxim was a good word to remember the people who ever it somewhat helped, and if it had the opportunity, and then thank them business would not have been superfluous.Farmers in this day sincerely pray for the family well-being.There was the custom, the husband and wife had to go out into the street, holding hands, and shake the snow from the trees saying:. "What God has joined together, the person can not afford to sever"In Maksimov day we are trying to guess the weather, and what will be the harvest.On this occasion, there were many signs.Clear Sky predicted frost and nekudyshnaya harvest.If there was a clear dawn, it also foreshadowed the frost.And if the night was visible through the clouds month, it says that would be a good corn.
Historical events February 3
February 3, 1565 oprichnina Ivan the Terrible founded
Oprichnina, dark and tragic period in the history of the Russian state, which lasted from 1565 - until the death of Ivan the Terrible.The phenomenon oprichnina terror was characterized by the imperial power and rampant despotism of the secret police.The term "oprichnina" comes from the old Russian "OPRICH" - a special, and in fact really and guardsmen were endowed with special power and force powers.The cause of the "oprichnina", historians consider the period when Tsar Ivan Vasilyevich, wished to abdicate.In December 1564, Tsar Ivan, together with his family suddenly left Moscow at a church service in the Alexander settlement.However, after a few days and weeks, Ivan the Terrible, did not want to return to the capital.In the suburb of Tsar Ivan, brought the treasury, its own library, icons and attributes of power.In January 1565, the king announced his abdication from the kingdom because of resentment toward the boyars, the church and the provincial people who now and then harshly criticized the actions of the king, considering them unnecessarily cruel.Soon suburb a delegation headed by Archbishop Pimen, church leaders managed to convince the king to return to the kingdom.And on 3 February 1565, the year, Ivan the Terrible, was pleased to return to Moscow, but before returning to the board, the king appointed a number of conditions: it is free can execute traitors and bandits, without regard to the boyars to betray traitors disgrace, deprived of property and honorsIt can not be denounced by the clergy.On the same day, Ivan the Terrible announced the introduction of "oprichnina".The king founded a new special courtyard designed around support and serve as a powerful autocrat support "oprichnina".In order to be "oprichnina" able to act effectively, for this was created by a special strelets army.The troops "henchmen" were recruited specifically dedicated to the king archers who do not know pity and mercy, and ready to fulfill even the most reckless order autocrat.And yet, "oprichnina army" was a kind of secret service, effective in the fight against internal enemies of the king, however "henchmen" showed a complete inability to fight external enemies of the state.In 1572, the army of "henchmen" could not withstand the Crimean Tatar aggression Tatars completely smashed "oprichnina" musketeers.After such a failure, Ivan the Terrible, dissolved the "oprichnina" ordered the state to protect the regular Strelets troops.
February 3, 1718 Peter I stripped Tsarevich Alexei rights of succession
on 3 February 1718, the year the Emperor Peter I, deprived of Tsarevich Alexei rights of succession to the throne, following the law of succession of the throne, with the eldest son Peter, was an infant crown princePeter.Tsarevich Alexei, was the son of Emperor Peter, from his marriage to Evdokia Lopukhina.He was brought up in the house of the boy Lopukhins who were in opposition to Peter, besides some fractions of the clergy and boyars, as a negative influence on the boy.Yet the king hoped that his son still continue its reform policies, however Alexei was not interested in public administration, it has been refined and philosophical nature.The emperor did not accept opposition Alexei and threatened him with deprivation of inheritance and the right to inherit the throne, and also hone it into a monastery.In 1716 the prince in fear of the wrath of his father, fled to Europe.However, Peter and Alexis found in foreign lands and returned home, where officially deprived of his right to the throne.However, Alexis is not particularly upset, in a letter to his wife he gladly wrote that the royal father freed him from the burden of the government.Still, Alex could not completely withdraw from political life.Soon it was uncovered a plot against the Emperor Peter I. The suspects hit and Tsarevich Alexei.During interrogations, the king's son naively told all that he knew and that allegedly plotting against the father.Most people from surrounding Alexis, on order of the king was executed.Not escaped the torture and humiliation of Tsarevich Alexei, the Supreme Court of the Russian Empire recognized prince guilty and sentenced to death.Before the execution of the fortress, where he was kept Alexei arrived Emperor Peter.Tsarevich was tortured in the presence of his father, Peter and his entourage were hoping to find out some more details about the plot.About six o'clock in the evening, Prince Alexei died in unknown circumstances, an official rescript was reported that the prince died of nervous shock.Historians suggest that the prince simply strangled, on secret orders of the king.Emperor Peter did not want the public execution and condemnation of people.
February 3, 1826 A. Griboedov arrested a suspect in the plot against the King
Alexander Griboyedov, suspected of involvement in the uprising of the Decembrists, he was arrested on 03.02.1826 year.The December revolt Guards regiments, was caused by a heavy political opposition, in the highest circles of political power in Russia.Who ascended to the throne of Emperor Nicholas I, I was not very popular among the military and the nobility.The rebels Decembrists were hoping to change the situation and to overthrow Nicholas, for that they took to the streets of the capital a few armed guards regiments.However, this is not scared of Nicholas, with the help of regular troops, he brutally suppressed the uprising of the Decembrists.After the suppression of the uprising were arrested almost 400 soldiers of the Moscow Guards regiment, about 300 soldiers of the Grenadier Corps and 62 sailors Marine squadron.An investigation and interrogations, some prisoners were tortured.Not escaped arrest and writer Griboyedov, the eve of the arrest, his apartment was searched, but nothing suspicious, but books of the writer, was found.Conducted over Griboyedov investigation did not find a direct communion of the writer for the December coup.By order of the emperor, Griboyedov was released from custody baud with "acquittal certificate."In fact, the writer had a lot of friends and acquaintances among the Decembrists, but direct involvement in the preparation and implementation of the uprising, he had not.
February 3, 1933 Cambridge lab opens Peter Kapitza
In the early 1920s, an outstanding Russian scientist Pyotr Kapitsa, was sent to England for training in Cambridge University.Produced at the Cambridge Research Laboratory, made famous by Peter Kapitsa for the whole world.The scientist has made a number of important discoveries in the field of magnetic fields.In 1923 he was awarded the title of Doctor of the University, in 1925 he became deputy director of the Cavendish Laboratory, and in 1926 he was appointed director of the laboratory of magnetic research.In 1928, the year Kapitsa discovered the law of linear magnetic field, as well as the law of resistance of metals when exposed to electricity (Kapitza law).For outstanding achievements in physics, in 1929, Kapitsa was elected Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.In the same year, the scientist was elected member of the British Royal Society.For a more productive work of the great physicist, Cambridge, was built a new laboratory building, equipped with the latest technology of the time.The laboratory was opened 03/02/1933 at very festive atmosphere.In 1934, Pyotr Kapitsa was the first time in the history of the helium in the liquid state, it has become possible thanks to them also developed special hardware installation.This remarkable discovery has given a powerful impetus to the development of hypothermal physics.After his arrival in the Soviet Union, Kapitza, simply is not released from the Soviet Union.This is dictated by the desire to Stalin, to have such an outstanding scientist in his service.Petr Leonidovich had created the most privileged conditions of work and residence.Especially powerful scientific research institute was founded by him, the director of which he was appointed immediately.The great scientist has made a huge contribution to the development of world and Soviet physics.
born February 3
Andrei Chernyshov (February 3, 1973 ...), Russian actor Andrei Chernyshov
was born in Ukraine, in Kiev, February 3, 1973 year.In the early school years, Andrew's family went to live in the Chita region.