December 8 : What today 's holidays , event , birthday party , birthdays,
News / / April 22, 2016
Holidays December 8
Mother's Day in Panama
This day is the most important holiday and mnogoznachimym in Panama.On this holiday, many people do not go to work and stay at home with their families, and with great love mums prepare their favorite real holiday.In this festival all revolves around mothers, but the tradition of celebrating this day is still largely dependent on each individual family.But only one thing remains constant in all families, this day carries only joyful emotions, because its main purpose is to pay tribute to his mother, which is the most important person on earth.Many people wonder: when, how and by whom, or what, this holiday will be.This is an interesting question, unfortunately, there is no single answer, but there are many versions of how and when you first noticed this holiday.In different countries and in different cultures celebrated Mother's Day at different times.Therefore, depending on the country and culture, in accordance with local tradition to celebrate thisholiday everywhere in different ways.There is a commonplace view that the tradition of Mother's Day has its origins in ancient Greece.Because that is where the custom, old mother, as a goddess.
Student's Day in Bulgaria
On Dec. Bulgarian students celebrate their "professional" holiday.This date is inseparably linked with the name of Sofia University Kliment Ohridski.In Bulgaria, the University is the only academic institution in the early twentieth century, therefore, the Academic Council of the university dared to announce the eighth day of December, the day the university.The celebration of this day coincided with the day of the righteous Kliment Ohridski, who was one of the survivors in Bulgaria followers of Cyril and Methodius.He organized educational and cultural school at a monastery in Ohrid, it brought up all of the Bulgarian elite.Clement converted Glagolitic Cyril and Methodius, and became a follower of Postojna their teachers.It is as close as a graphic lettering to the Greek.It was Clement of Ohrid quickly moved all religious and liturgical books of the city on the Old Slavonic language, and circulated throughout the country.When World War II ended the holiday was moved to November 17, but in 1962, in honor of the 80th anniversary of the Sofia University, the festival began to celebrate the old and the native date.Since all students of higher educational institutions in Bulgaria gladly celebrate their favorite holiday.
Holiday goddess Ishchel
Ishchel is an ancient Mayan goddess, she was considered the patroness of the rainbow and moon light.Goddess help women to give birth safely, took care of the doctors and weavers.There was a belief that if the goddess was very angry, she nashlet a hurricane or flood.Sculptors and artists of the time portrayed this goddess is very beautiful girl, in her lap sat a rabbit, and on his head oddly serpent was depicted strange.People are very afraid of anger Ishchel, so were trying to placate her.Mayan goddess of the tray as a sacrifice of young beauties.People come to the temple of the goddess and prayed for the healing of diseases.In southern Mexico is still celebrated the feast of the goddess Ishchel.On Dec. priests carried out the corresponding ritual, the streets are drawn a variety of ceremonial procession.The ancient Maya called goddess Ishchel Lady bloodstains, ladies night, ladies unusual darkness.
Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary
veneration of the day of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, is very popular in Catholicism, this day is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and is one of the major holidays.The age-old tradition of the Church there was nothing said about the Immaculate Conception of Mary by her mother Anna.The famous version of the Immaculate Conception dogma officially secured the eighth Pope Pius IX in December 1854, without taking into account the fact that even in 1476 the festival of the Immaculate Conception established Pontiff Sixtus IV.According to Catholic doctrine, Mary was the only one of all the people freed from original sin and at the same time protected by the very possibility of sin.The Orthodox Church in the Catholic and supports also says that Mary in my life did not commit any sin.However, he claims that the reason for this was that Mary was moral purity, intelligence and willpower.Catholic Church In turn, said that the mission did not sin was laid in Mary at conception.In this holiday in the churches held a solemn liturgy.
Constitution Day of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan
Constitution was adopted at the 11th session of the Supreme Council of Uzbekistan.The same day the country's basic law was signed by the President of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov.The new Constitution of Uzbekistan has passed a detailed inspection by experts of the United Nations.All the provisions of the basic law passed the examination in the state of legal institutions of the USA.Many experts from European countries, as well closely examined and approved the basic law of the young state.According to the new wording of the Constitution of Uzbekistan is an independent democratic republic, the state ensures the realization of the will of the people and serves their needs.Only the people can be a source of power in the state.Citizens of Uzbekistan are all its inhabitants, regardless of their nationality.However, despite the good intentions laid down in the new Constitution, the basic law in Uzbekistan, it is more formal than real current document.
December 8 at the national calendar
This day was named Klim Cool, because these frosts usually started from that day.By tradition, all the prayers of his mother appealed to this day to Klim and asks him to protect their children from future frosts.People believed that the cold months from November to March, gaining a crazy power and in front of these frosts shy even the sun, not to mention the man.However, harsh spirit does not like those who complain of the cold, he punishes them severely different diseases.And those people who on a frosty day were cheerful and merry, frost bestowed good health and a bright blush on the cheeks.We all know the fairy tale "Jack Frost," think like a stern old man punished the wayward and capricious girl and gave expensive gifts unpretentious stepdaughter.The villagers said that the servants of the frost were evil spirits Treskunov.These spirits summer asleep and wake up with the first cold snap and with the first snow fall on the ground.When winter comes, these spirits are running around in the fields and blow into fists, then people feel the cold north wind.People believed that Treskunov bare heels clattered on the frozen ground and the trunks of trees, that went from the expression "hard frost."In honor of the harsh winter of the spirit in the villages erected idols, we now call them snowmen, they love to mold children and adults.On this holiday, any important business could begin strictly on an empty stomach.Women and girls sit down to spin the yarn close to the windows, the windows of lying white snow, and makes the light in the parlor from him.
Historical events December 8
1991 in the Bialowieza Forest has been "buried" the USSR
Agreement establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States was signed in Viskuli that near Brest.Leaders of the three former Soviet republics;Boris Yeltsin, Leonid Kravchuk and Stanislav Shushkevich, its decisions are not simply formed CIS, they destroyed the great superpower - the Soviet Union.Figurants agreement acknowledged that the USSR as a subject of international law is completely exhausted, the government and the president of the Soviet Union, completely discredited in the eyes of his people and in the eyes of the international community.In view of all this, a state can not exist as an object of geopolitical reality.The reason for the creation of the CIS, have become close historical and cultural relations of the peoples of post-Soviet space and the desire to continue the peaceful and democratic coexistence.However, the former Soviet republic the condition of its entry into a new formation, named not for the intervention of members of the Commonwealth, in each other's affairs, mutual respect and recognition of the sovereignty of the Union.Despite the loud slogans and good intentions, the CIS is not like a union or association, it has even gone beyond the confederal relations and currently is a formal interstate association.
1980 murder of John Lennon
famous musician was killed by a mentally ill fan.The killer made several direct shots to the back of John.The doorman immediately called the ambulance service and the police, the singer urgently taken to one of the nearby hospitals.However, all the doctors' efforts were in vain, at 23:15 John Lennon died.The reason for such a rapid death was the great loss of blood.Lennon was cremated, and his ashes handed over to his wife Yoko Ono.Killer M. Chapman was sentenced to life imprisonment in a maximum security prison.Chempen is in prison for more than thirty years, during the conclusion of the time, condemned repeatedly filed and supplies, and now, a petition for early release.But the court staff and US authorities have consistently refused to him in this.Lennon's wife, formally appealed to the Department of Parole, asking them not to pardon Mark Chapman, and it seems that it will never happen.
1987 United States and the Soviet Union agreed to reduce the contingent of intermediate- and short-range
On this day in Washington, leaders of the two superpowers, Mikhail Gorbachevand Ronald Reagan, signed an agreement on the elimination of intermediate and short range.The contract gained force from the first of June 1988, according to him, planned to kill three thousand missiles on both sides, with a range of 1000 to 6000 thousand. Kilometers and between 500 and 1,000 km.The agreement provided for the destruction of launchers and missiles, ground-based and sea-based, for three years.Such an agreement between the two superpowers was ratified for the first time.The main purpose of the agreement was a partial nuclear disarmament, the two nuclear states.Also it planned to establish special inspection commission that would monitor the process of eliminating nuclear weapons.How Reagan and Gorbachev, give to it special importance, in this connection, the two leaders appealed to their people with special televised address.Both the President of the dream of complete nuclear disarmament, but were unable to do this, due to various political and legal reasons.
1992 creation of the Federal Treasury Russia
particularly important organ of the federal government, of course, is the Treasury of the Russian Federation.The main function of the Treasury is the technical and legal execution of the state budget.Treasury jointly with the FSB carries out special control financial transactions and flows, if they involve the state budget.In addition, being a strict control budget allocation at the federal and regional levels.From well-coordinated and well-organized work of the Treasury depends on all vital functions of the state to finance kindergartens, to space programs.Public service was established by Presidential Decree of the Russian Federation, Boris Yeltsin.And August 27, 1992 the government of the country by a regulation to streamline and regulate the activities of the new public service.Currently, the bulk of public bodies, funded through the Treasury of the Russian Federation.
1941 Japanese invasion of Thailand (08.12.)
to implement plans to invade Thailand, Japan was forced to spend huge preparatory work.It recently emerged victorious from Thailand Franco-Thai conflict, and this greatly alarmed the Japanese militarists.If the Thai army able to resist European armies, the army would deal with Asian easily.Japanese management to focus all their energies on carrying out the most informative survey on Thai territory.And only after that the Japanese began to pull to the Thai border military units.The invasion began on December 8 in the eastern and central part of Thailand.To the surprise of the Japanese, Thais did not resist, just to the south of Thailand, the Japanese troops were strong resistance.Despite the fact that Thais did not render the full resistance, the Japanese still carefully performed their military operation and did not even dare to enter the capital of Thailand, and nervously awaited the start of the peace talks.By forcing Thailand to a humiliating truce, Japan was able to convince the Thai government in the benefits of concluding a military alliance treaty between Japan and Thailand.January 25, 1942, Thailand declared war on Britain and the United States, in alliance with Japan.
born December 8:
Mary Stuart (1542-1587), Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland, Mary began almost immediately after his birth, in connection with the sudden death of her father.In six years, Mary was sent to the education of the French court, where she was 15 years married to Francis, who soon became king of France.However, the new king of long ruled and died a year later, Mary returned to Scotland.At home again, she married Henry Darnley couples have a son, Jacob.But the Queen was not long happily married and soon attracted to the new man, Earl Hepburn.New lover of Mary, did everything to become the husband of the Queen, and even went to the murder of the former husband of Mary, Darnley.As a result, the country's coup, rebellious lords, overthrew Maria, and she was forced to flee to his cousin in England.Her great-aunt, the Queen of England Elizabeth coldly greeted her niece.After all, between them were insurmountable obstacles: Maria Catholic, Protestant Elizabeth, Mary claimed the English throne, while Elizabeth Radel for the good of England and did not take part in the dynastic intrigues.On the orders of Elizabeth, Mary Stuart was arrested.In prison she had come to clarify the circumstances with respect to its life and activity.Sister Mary secretly offers a deal: "Liberation, in exchange for giving up Mary Scottish throne."However, Maria refused and has been in prison a long eighteen years.Finally, Mary is continuing its secret games, it is in correspondence with the French and Spanish courts, and even trying to organize the murder of Elizabeth.However, rebellious ideas Mary, the Queen of England were known.Soon Mary was rebuked for his crimes and executed.
Kim Basinger (1953), American actress
aspiring actress born in a family of musicians.His career Kim start in the modeling business.In 1970 she became the winner of the beauty contest "Miss Georgia" and after the event, a photo of the actress almost always present in secular fashion and modeling magazines.However, the main dream, Kim, had a career of actress, so she starts training courses on acting.Since 1976, his debut in cinema in stealth episodes.A little later, the actress received her first major role in "Katie" movie.Her participation in the film "Nine and a half weeks," Kim has brought incredible popularity.And soon a new success in the film "Batman."And there were movies: "Never say" never "," "Blind Date," etc. The actress was married to actor Alec Baldwin, the marriage broke up after eight years..In 1997, the actress was awarded the prize "Oscar" for her role in "LA Confidential."Currently, Kim is a daughter and charitable activities.
Alisa Freundlich (1934), People's Artist of the USSR
actress was born in Leningrad, in a family of artists.Since childhood, Alice dreamed of becoming an actress, so I try to actively participate in theatrical circles and amateur performances.Teacher Maria Alexandrovna, helped the girl get ready to join the Theatre Institute and in 1953, Alice became a student of the Leningrad Theatre Institute.After its completion, the actress became a member of the troupe, the oldest of the Leningrad Theatre Komissarzhevskaya.In the film she debuted "The city lights fires" in the film.In 1961, the actress goes to work in the Leningrad City Council Theatre, which is rapidly gaining immense popularity and has become a major actor of the theater, his calling card.Here she plays leading roles in productions of Shakespeare, Brecht and Shaw.