December 30 : Today some holidays, event, birthday party , birthdays,
News / / August 12, 2017
Holidays December 30
December 30, 1922 was formed the largest, for the entire period of world history, the state Soviet Union.In combat might of the USSR was second after the United States, and on socio-economic indicators significantly lagged behind the state.Republics of the Soviet Union became the founders of the fraternal peoples of the countries: Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.In the future, allied to the contract were attached Caucasian and Central Asian republics.In the Soviet period, it has been completely eliminated illiteracy and achieved the highest performing level of education of the population - and most importantly - free for all.Breakthroughs have been made in science and technology.The first flight into space, the first Artifical Earth satellite, the first man in space, the conquest of the atom - all this progress, we can be proud of.Free housing, free medical care, free education, kindergartens, summer camp for children, a cheap rent - all these social benefits unfortunately turned out to be an unbearable burden for the state of the economy and at one point, the crisis came to it eventually led to the seizure of power in the country as traitors loungingthe great Soviet Union for their own selfish interests.And instead of the great and mighty union formed small weak states, most of which immediately came under the control of Western countries led by the US.Great country that no longer exists - so today nostalgically talk about the USSR in different parts of the former Soviet Union.
celebrate this holiday in the Philippines in the memory of the national hero José Rizal writer.In the late nineteenth century, the Philippines was a colony of Spain.While organized many supporters of the liberation of the country, among them was an exceptionally gifted man José Rizal.In 1896, an uprising began in Spain.Rizal went to the Philippines in advance, because he was familiar with the plan of the uprising, and then called it a failure.But he could only get to Suez, and there at the request of the Spanish authorities took him into custody, he was accused of conspiring with the rebels and returned back to Manila.It later emerged that the illegal revolutionary society, which prepared the disastrous revolt was going to make the president of the independent Philippines Rizal, while Rizal had no idea about this.In order to attract new revolutionary conspirators called Rizal Hise his head.Early in the morning of the thirtieth of December 1896, falsely accused of rebellion, inspiration and creation of illegal community Rizal was shot at Bagumbayanskom field.The night before his execution Hasse wrote his last poem, it became a masterpiece creation Philippine poetry.Jose Rizal is revered as a national hero, a fighter against the colonialists.At the celebration in the day of memory of this great man is always present President of the Philippines.This day is the national holiday of this country.
Day of the Democratic Republic of Madagascar
December 30, 1975, the Government of Madagascar, announced the formation of the independent Democratic Republic of Madagascar.This manifesto meant the end of French rule on Malagasy soil.Since then, the citizens of Madagascar celebrate this day, the event is the base of an independent state.The first president of the republic became F. Tsiranana.However, the policy pursued by their orientation on Western culture and Western economy was not accepted by the people of Madagascar.During the reign of Tsiranany, virtually the entire economy of the state, was sold to European and American capitalists.By country swept protests and riots, people demanded the resignation of the government and the president.Under the pressure of internal and external forces, the president was forced to resign.Power in the country passed to General G. Ramanantsoa and they created a military-civilian government.Soon, a new constitution and will lead the first democratic elections was adopted in the country.Authorities in the state passed a new civilian government.Now Madagascar, developed in the spirit of democracy and freedom of speech, not forgetting about its unique history and culture.
December 30 in the national calendar
December 30 honored the memory of the noble Saints Daniel, Ananias, Azarias and Misael.According to ancient tradition, 600 years ago, the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem, along with other peasants captured were four young men.Reigning King Nebuchadnezzar wanted to educate them at his court, and to teach them the Chaldean science.Despite this, the young guys do not forget the commandments of their faith, they rejected the excesses and lead a decent life.Because do not forget, and do not betray their faith, the Lord gave them the wisdom, and Daniel gave more insight and a gift to interpret dreams.One day the king ordered to build in honor of himself, a huge statue, which people have been worshiping.Noble youths have flatly refused to do so, and in a rage Nebuchadnezzar ordered their immediate execution.They were thrown alive into the fiery furnace, but they were safe and sound, even the clothes they were not burned, and there was no smell of smoke on them.Seeing this miracle, the king imbued with respect for Christians.Later, under the rule of Belshazzar, the prophet Daniel interpreted the fiery inscription that appeared on the wall of the palace, during the feast, sign foreshadowed the complete overthrow of the kingdom of Babylon.According to legend, a young girl wanted to Saint Daniel gave them a little bit of his sagacity, for that before going to bed at three bay leaves wrote the names of the three friends of Daniel, Ananias, Azarias and Misael, then put leaves under the pillow.Girls believed that on this night they dream necessarily narrowed.In ancient times, our ancestors spoke - "Daniel urges the month of December," and brings the Christmas and New Year."The Danilov day holy spirit, and the smell of incense," dreamed the most impatient.The Danilov day special attention is paid to fire people.Usually the hostess furnace stoked to heat for two days was enough.There was also a night festival ritual, traditionally bred on the street at night huge bonfires to light dispersed the darkness and cold postraschal.Just pay attention to the distinctive features with which it was possible to predict the weather.If that day appeared on the trees hoarfrost, it will be warm Christmas time, and if I had started a snowstorm, people rejoiced and believed that this summer will be well swarming bees.
Historical events December 30
1927 opened subway
in Tokyo in 1920, a Japanese businessman Noritsugu Hayakawa, founded the company "Tokyo Chika-tetsudo" and began to build Japan's first subway.Before that Noritsugu visited Europe and saw what the Underground Railroad, he had a dream to build something like that, and at home.And December 30, 1927 the first metro line was opened in Tokyo.The line was not great length and tied only two Asakusa Station "and" Ueno ".For the first time Metro has had a huge popularity that would sweep from one station to another, the citizens allowed to stand for hours queue.In the future subway in Tokyo to expand and develop, and currently tracks the length comes to two hundred kilometers, and a fully functioning line nine.Tokyo subway is ideally combined with the railway, passengers can easily use special transitions that lead to the railway junctions.At some stations, for that would take advantage of railway services, enough to move to another platform.In addition to the Tokyo subway stations, a passenger in a variety of all kinds will find snack bars, cafes and restaurants as well as shops and shopping centers.Appearance Tokyo subway stations, does not cause much interest, since for the most part it is gray and ugly.After all, the Japanese are practical and prudent, they are not considered as an underground excursion or a propaganda object, and therefore the design of the stations is very, very low-key.Nowadays, the construction of subway lines in Tokyo is continuing intensively.The city is growing, and growing traffic problems, Metro is able to solve most of the problems associated with the movement of citizens.But also in the construction of the subway, and there is a problem - the high seismic activity in the area.New building technologies allow to solve some of the problems associated with the danger of earthquakes.
1916 death of Rasputin
mystic, healer, psychic so talked about Grigory Rasputin.And he called himself the holy father, heals the soul and body.In St. Petersburg, Rasputin appeared in 1904 and became engaged in preaching and healing.Very soon, a brave man became aware the Empress Alexandra, who persuaded her husband, Emperor Nicholas summon Rasputin to the court and ask them to cure their son Alexei.So Rasputin appeared at the imperial court.In spite of all adventurous personality of Rasputin, he still had some psychic abilities, as treatment administered to them, significantly improved the condition of Prince.The Queen, make sure the healing power of Gregory, showered him with all sorts of favors and brought to court.However, Rasputin began to use the Empress loyalty for their own purposes.A queen, he began to actively intervene in the affairs of state, for their services in the solution of any issue took bribes, and at night arranged drunken sprees and orgies.In order to save the honor of the royal family, in the camp of the approximate to the king, the nobility emerged plot against Rasputin, which was attended by the royal family and the nearest relatives.Initially, it was decided to poison Rasputin, however, mixed in food and drink cyanide had no effect on him, then one of the conspirators Yusupov shot Rasputin.But he managed to jump out on the street, but there he was waiting for the killer, and the Grand Duke Dmitri Purishkevich, shot at point-blank Gregory.He tried to stand up, but the conspirators seized him, put it in with the cargo bag and thrown into a hole.Thus ended the life of the mysterious man of the time.
1927 synthetic rubber
In 1926 Sovnarkom announced a competition for the best model is the production of artificial rubber.The same amount was announced awards for the work - 100 000 rubles.Competition conditions provided not just representation of the full scheme of production, but also the result of this production, and it is a couple of kilograms of finished rubber.In addition, it instructed to work out and put on the industrial production of the product stream.Based on the difficulties of the initial period of formation of the Soviet regime, the government also demanded that the process was to produce cheap and available, and its cost would not exceed the cost of natural rubber.The winning chemist Sergei Lebedev, for many years engaged in this issue.In the laboratory, the Military Medical Academy scientist and his students managed to get a synthetic rubber, which has become the raw material for oil, and later alcohol.The catalyst for the process, Lebedev chose, sodium oxide.January 1, 1928 introduced a scientist of the state commission and the product obtained all supporting technical documentation.Despite the harsh conditions of the contest held by the product and production design by Lebedev received a government award.Soon the Leningrad plant, Lebedev's project was built and the first time the country had its own rubber.And in 1931 the scientist was awarded the Order of Lenin for merits before the state.
1947 terrorist attack on Haifa refinery
December 30 militants Jewish nationalist organization Etzel, threw a grenade into a group of Arab workers, who stood at the entrance of the Oil refinery.6 people died, about fifty were injured varying degrees of severity.After the terrorist attack Arab workers and residents of the town of al-Sheikh Ballads broke into the factory and made a massacre of Jewish workers.Overcome with anger Arabs slaughtered the Jews to death, using hammers, crowbars and metal rods.Plant Administration from the rebels took refuge in the administration building, did not bother to call the police.more than forty workers were killed during the massacre, some fifty survived but were badly mutilated.Police and troops arrived as they say "on the analysis of the caps", only one and a half hours.According to the results of the investigation, it was found that some of the Arab workers of the plant were not involved in the massacre, but rather helped the Jews escape from the angry Arabs.It was also found that the pogrom was not planned action and arose spontaneously within mass affect.It is known for the entire period of coexistence between the Jewish and Arab populations are constantly armed conflicts arise.
born December 30
Andrew Owl (1912-1994), Soviet actor
talented actor was born in Odessa, December 30, 1912, in a working family.Since childhood, he was known as a cheerful and energetic child, growing up on the streets of Odessa and who knew perfectly inimitable Odessa folklore.After high school he studied at the Naval School, and then went to work in the merchant navy.On the merchant vessel has bypassed the whole of Europe.
At age 26 he graduated from the Theatre School.The film began to take off before the war.His first films were "Tanker" Derbent "," "Mysterious Island", "Early Years", "I - Chernomorets" and others.Andrew Owl, created on the screen a series of colorful and forever memorable characters, starring in films: "Maxim", "There is a man," "Queen of the petrol station", "Ordinary Story", etc. In addition to film, Andrew Korneevich lot of time is devoted theater..Owl long time worked in the Kiev House of officers, and then he was invited to "Ukrkontsert".In 1960, the actor was given the honorary title of Honored Artist of Ukraine, this event coincided with the birth of their daughter.Huge popular were joint performances with the actor's duet "Plug and Tarapunka".The last 20 years of his life the actor is practically not removed, due to severe spinal disease, which did not allow the artist to fully move.
Vasily I (1371-1425), Grand Duke of Muscovy
son of legendary Dmitry Donskoy, Vasily, was born December 30, 1371.Radel on Russian soil.In his reign he did much to unite the Russian lands under the protectorate of Moscow.Arms and diplomacy Basil I annexed to Muscovy Nizhny Novgorod, Vologda, Moore and Komi people.Conducted continuous war with the Duchy of Lithuania and the Horde.In 1390, Basil married the daughter of Lithuanian Prince, Sofia.However, the marriage was carried out against the will of the prince, in fact consent to marry Basil made under duress.In 1386, after an unsuccessful battle with the forces of the Golden Horde, the Mongol prince fled from persecution and accidentally captured by the Lithuanian prince Vytautas.Lithuanian prince, seeing Basil capture a greater benefit, forcing the prince to marry his daughter Sophia in exchange for his release.Lithuanian prince in his decision to pursue profitable for Lithuania dynastic interests.Basil was trying to escape from the vassal of the Tatar Khanate and often refused to pay tribute to the Mongols.But then followed the Horde raids and looting, but the Russian army gave a fitting rebuff to the oppressors.As a result, Muscovy continued to be a vassal of the Golden Horde.In his reign the prince commanded his people not to call themselves nicknames and surnames.
Ahmed III (1673-1736), the Turkish sultan
Inherited Ottoman throne after the death of his brother Mustafa II.Born December 30, 1673.The Board noted Ahmed violent confrontation with the Russian kingdom.Sultan intended to create an anti-Russian coalition and maintained excellent relations with the enemies of Russia, King of Sweden, Prussia and the Crimean Khanate.He sheltered the Swedish King Charles XII after his defeat in the Battle of Poltava.The war with Russia brought Ahmed large political and territorial dividends.Under the terms of the Prut world, Turkey withdrew Azov ownership of Russia and the water area of the Sea of Azov with the Russian Navy.Just Sultan fought with the Venetian Republic.However, the opposition was not good for Turkey.Sultan lost in the war with Venice, Serbia, Bosnia and Wallachia.In domestic policy, the Sultan had intended to carry out progressive reforms.On his orders, the Ottoman Embassy visited France to study the life of life and economic opportunities of the Western world.From Europe, the Turks brought the seeds of tulips and soon throughout the empire blossomed this wonderful flower.Just been taken over by the experience of printing.Turkey itself has become to print books.