JANUARY 1: what today holidays, event, birthday party , birthdays,
News / / August 12, 2017
Holidays January 1
This holiday without a doubt can be called a most welcome and if you want a mysterious, new year is always full of zest for life and enchanting.This day is celebrated all over the world, every nation has its own particular tradition of this wonderful holiday.New Year can rightly be considered the most extensive international holiday.For the first time the custom of celebrating the New Year appeared in Mesopotamia.As scientists say, the first celebration of the new year was made in the 3rd millennium BC.This holiday tradition has been associated with landowning work, which began in late March, after the water arriving in the Tigris and Euphrates.This event was celebrated for twelve days, and organized various processions, colorful carnivals and masquerades.By tradition, the festival was not allowed to work and produce litigation.Over time, the tradition of celebrating New Year is gaining popularity.The Jews who were in captivity in Babylon, have adopted this tradition, the Jews this custom passed to the Greeks, and then the New Year has come to the nations of Western Europe.During the introduction of the new calendar by Julius Caesar, which is now called the Julian day January 1 was regarded as the first day of the new year.The ancient Romans believed that day is very beneficial for undertakings in all spheres of life, and brought a sacrifice to this day the two-faced god Janus, and laid the beginning of large-scale events.
Independence Day Cameroon
This day is very important in the history of the country.Independence Day celebration of respect and pride for the entire population of Cameroon.This country gave independence a few months earlier than Nigeria.Therefore, residents of British units were given the right to choose the territory to which they would like to belong to Nigeria or independent Cameroon.Population prichadskoy area remains under the leadership of Nigeria, and the people who lived on the western territory, want to change citizenship and joined the newly independent State.Today Cameroon Independence Day is celebrated solemnly fun and luxurious.Cameroon Jan. conducts a variety of ceremonial processions, which are always present officials and party leaders.The ceremonial procession also take part students, and famous music and dance ensembles.Traditionally on this day hold various cultural and entertainment events, and useful information.
Day of Liberation of Cuba
January 1st day of the overthrow of the Batista dictatorship and the introduction of the country on the path of socialism.On this festive day, Cuban TV and radio transmits a brief excursion into the history of the state: "In 1952, General Batista made a coup and overthrew the legitimate President Prio Sokarrasu.It started a long-term, dictatorial rule of General Batista.The first decision dictator abolished the constitution, dissolved the parliament, severed all relations with the countries of the socialist camp and canceled the next presidential election.The economic policy of the Batista government was aimed at the assimilation of the country's economy with the North American big business.In 1953, a group of young patriots, led by Fidel Castro attempted coup by attacking military barracks.However, the rebels, poorly prepared for the operation, and also the preponderance of force was not on the side of the rebels.Batista's army suppressed the revolt, many of its members were killed or executed, Castro was sentenced to 15 years in prison.In 1955, Batista pardoned Castro, he was expelled from the country and he settled in Mexico.In 1956, Castro with a group of revolutionaries made a new coup attempt.Sowing in the mountains of south-eastern Cuba, he gathered strength and expanded its influence.Gradually, a small rebellion has turned into a popular uprising, Castro's popularity was at its peak of glory.Bautista was forced to abdicate and fled the country.In 1959, Castro announced the start of construction of communism.
Lithuania Flag Day
Flag of the Republic of Lithuania for the first time raised the first of January 1919 in Vilnius.He was raised by a small group of volunteers who were part of the Lithuanian military forces.From that day on the first day of the new year, in Lithuania celebrate Flag Day.For four centuries, the Lithuanian flag was red, at the flag was a white knight image.Flag of the sample in 1918 became the national flag of Lithuania.Lithuanian Council of a special commission for the development of the national flag was established, and the nineteenth of April of the same year, took a horizontal trehtsvet, it used colors that were popular in the traditional Lithuanian clothing.Yellow represents the sun and the color symbolizes prosperity and integrity of spirit.Green is the color of life, which brings freedom and recalls the beauty of nature.The final color red is the color of blood and native land, symbolizes the courage and the blood that was shed for the motherland.
January 1 in the national calendar
feast day of St. Ilya Muromets
Since ancient times, Ilya Muromets was considered the patron of ordinary people.Traditionally on this day was supposed to bow to his own home and the holy land.A man who was born on that day, trust to lead the court, people believed that the court will be fair and equitable.It was believed if the first day of the year of joy and fun, so there will be a whole year, and vice versa.There is a tradition on this day, to wonder what will be the weather.We had to take twelve bulbs, clear them from the scales on each bulb pour salt pile and put them on the night, on the stove.Then in the morning looking at the bulbs, and if one of them became wet salt, so this month in a row will be rainy.
Just the day enjoy a rich table, the main dish for meals was a roasted pig.On this day in ancient times, farmers can guess what will be on productivity of the new year.Traditionally, people went to the crossroads, there were drawing stick to cross the earth, touched the cross ear and listened: when he heard that like sleigh ride with a heavy load, so it will be a good harvest.People have noticed, if on that day a strong wind blows, it will be removed harvest nuts if night were many stars will be a lot of berries, lentils and peas.It was thought, if there was a clear warm weather, you can gather a good harvest of rye on this day.
Historical events January 1
1968 program «Time»
first appeared in the late 1960s, there were televisions in almost every home.Repertoire Program Guide, at the time, was very meager.TV went on for several hours in the morning and evening.Broadcast mostly films and wartime propaganda newsreels.From January 1st 1968 a new transmission went on the air, "Time."The program was of informational and analytical character, a new way to serve and come out regularly aired.The first major new project started by Nona Bodrov, Aza Lihitchenko Igor Kirillov and Anna Shetilova.The main objective of the program "Time" was the ideological education of the Soviet people.The news agency had its offices in more than 40 countries around the world.The program covered the official Soviet and world events, cultural and sporting events, as well as the weather.Information materials program is strictly regulated and held a special audit.Style of transmission was too strict and dry.Yet Soviet viewers liked the program "Time", because it was the only "zhivim" source of information and gave the opportunity to learn about what is happening in the vast vast country.In 1991 the collapse of the Soviet Union period, the program was shut down, re-aired in 1994, but it was not the same program "Time".Redesigned and remodeled, it is significantly different from the classic version.Changed music and screen saver, significantly changed the transmission scenery, new presenters.
1801 discovered asteroid "Ceres»
January 1, 1801, astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi, opened the first in the history of astronomy asteroid and named it Ceres, after the Egyptian goddess of fertility.However, in the XX century the scientific community questioned the nature of the asteroid "Ceres" controversy continued until 2006, when an interstate alliance of astronomers ranked Ceres to the class of dwarf planets.Difficulties have arisen due to the classification of a finding of "Ceres" in the asteroid belt, but its size is much larger than the moons of the giant planets.The diameter of the planet is less than 1,000 kilometers, weight 6,000 times smaller than the mass of the Earth.Now the "Ceres" intensively studied with the help of the Hubble Space Telescope.By Ceres launched spacecraft AMC Dawn, landing on the planet it is planned in 2015.Scientists hope that the device will help significantly to better understand "Ceres", as some researchers suggest that the planet has huge deposits of water ice.
planet constantly exposed to impacts of asteroids, which are present in the set in the asteroid belt.Apparently, the planet has no atmosphere, and her temperature is very low.However, scientists primarily interested in the processes that led to the formation of the heavenly bodies, as well as the search for water, which is located here in the frozen state.
2011 accident Tu-134 Surgut
catastrophe has occurred on January 1, 2011, the territory of the Surgut airport.From the first January 2011 the ship was supposed to open regular flights from Surgut to Moscow.About three o'clock in the afternoon, for unknown reasons, while attempting to take off, hit the fuselage of the Tu-154.Within minutes the fire was transferred to the main body of the vessel.The captain declared an emergency alarm and killed the engines of the aircraft, the machine was powered down, it was ordered the immediate evacuation of passengers and aircrew personnel.The control room was informed of an emergency situation on board with a request to organize fire and rescue operations.No sooner had the crew to begin the evacuation of passengers as a powerful explosion - fuel tanks exploded.The explosion was so powerful that within a radius of 1,000 m², there was a fuel spill threatens ecological disaster.The plane burned completely within twenty minutes.On board were 134 people, including crew.As a result, a strong fire, s people were killed and 43 suffered burns and carbon monoxide poisoning, the others are not affected.Extinguished forty aircraft fire engines and 150 personnel, the fire was extinguished within an hour after the fire.The result of the commission of inquiry, it was found that the cause of the fire was electrical short circuit happened in electric aircraft.Upon a fire on the aircraft, which caused loss of life, the general prosecutor's office opened a criminal case.this class of aircraft were withdrawn from service.
1874 vse6obschaya introduced conscription
January 1, 1874 Emperor Alexander II signed a decree on the introduction of compulsory military service of the empire.To attract the male population for military service was attributed to the 21 years.The main purpose of the Emperor was to reform the army and a significant increase in its population in the event of large-scale war.As known before the introduction of universal military service, the soldiers in the Russian army were recruited from among the nobility and the middle class.Because not a high number of these sections of society before the bulk of the population, conscription was not allowed to increase the number of troops to the level of the standard European armies.Besides the loss of army conscription particularly hard hit by the cultural and intellectual resources of the country, because as mentioned above, conscription army were predominantly nobles and commoners, and it is in most Suvo were highly educated and cultured people.Exempt from compulsory military service the clergy, doctors and teachers, as well as if the family was the only son of a man or only breadwinner with young children.According to the decree, the term of active military service is 6 years and 7 years in the Navy, left for 9 years.Military service provides for a number of benefits for servicemen and their families.Army garrisons were formed on the territorial principle.The first two years of military service recruits receive intensive training in military skills.The reform has significantly increased the size of the Russian army, and raised its combat readiness.
1700 Peter I introduces the Julian calendar
Julian calendar appeared January 1, 45 BC, as a result of the reforms of Julius Caesar.Until 1492 the beginning of the new year in Russia was on March 1, and with the beginning of 1492, the new year was celebrated on 1 September.December 19, 1700 Peter I issued a decree according to which the date of the beginning of each new year, proclaimed on January 1st.A chronology of events began on Christmas.As a result of the king's innovations in 1699 in Russia it was extremely short and lasted from September to December.After the revolution, the Bolsheviks entered the country in the so-called Gregorian calendar, which was affirmed by the People's Commissars of the RSFSR from 24.01.1918 year.The same amendment has been introduced in 13 days daily.Gregorian year longer than the so-called tropical 26 seconds, the difference in days accumulated over 3323 years.Quantifiable difference between the old and new styles of the XVIII century for 11 days, for 12 days of the XIX century and XX century for 13 days.Weekly days in both chronology of the same, so the transition from one calendar to another does not cause displacement of days of the week.In our time the Gregorian calendar is called the "new style" and Julian "old style".A number of world religions and churches preserved in their activities according to the Julian calendar style.The same chronology is shared by the Russian Orthodox Church, the purpose of this conservatism is an attempt to save the old traditions.
born January 1
Lorenzo de 'Medici (1449-1492), the ruler of the Florentine state
Lorenzo was born on January 1, 1449 in Florence.He was brought up by his mother Lucrezia.Then hired a teacher mother taught Lorenzo foreign languages, philosophy, history and poetry.In his youth, he fulfilled important diplomatic missions, works as a courier during the government of Florence.In 1469 Lorenzo will marry a noble girl named Clarice.After the death of his father, Lorenzo de 'Medici, became de facto ruler of the Florentine state.People nicknamed Lorenzo, magnificent.This shows that the citizens of the state have loved and revered their ruler.In his reign Lorenzo makes a lot of effort for the construction of monumental cultural and religious buildings.He did not spend money on the development of art, literature and artistic skills.organize sumptuous feasts for the people.His reign is endless carnivals, masquerades, theater and jousting tournaments.Throughout his life Lorenzo collected a fine library of books he loved all showers and sometimes bought them far beyond Italy.He also collected paintings, coins, sculptures, etc.Lorenzo was an excellent diplomat, and was able to use his talent in international affairs.
Bandera (1909-1959), head of the Ukrainian nationalists Stepan Bandera
born January 1, 1909 to Stanislavschine in the family priest.From 1919 to 1927 he studied at the gymnasium.At its end he joined the Ukrainian nationalist organization.It has been identified in the intelligence department, later in the promotion department.It was in several nationalist and extremist organizations.According to some researchers, the group was involved in the assassination of the Minister of Internal Affairs of Poland, for which he was sentenced to life imprisonment.However, in 1939 he was released.In 1940, Bandera occupies leading positions in the OUN UPA.Bandera also accused of punitive actions against the Polish officers and officials.In early 1941, he carries out important meetings with the leadership of the German intelligence service.The German command decided to finance the activities of Bandera.Bandera is conducting a series of sabotage operations on the territory of the USSR, before the start of the war.With the help of the Germans wanted to create Bandera Ukrainian state, even though a vassal of Germany.At the beginning of the war on Hitler's orders, Bandera was imprisoned in the Sachsenhausen camp.Some scientists believe that such an act Hitler Bandera showed that in their mutual relations the main Hitler and Bandera "no" pathetic slave master.Soon he runs out of the camp and did not believe the Germans have no or advice, starts a large-scale struggle as the Soviets and the Germans.