JULY 9: have a holiday today .Events , name and birthday on July 9 .
News / / April 18, 2016
Holidays July 9
Independence Day ArgentinaState Argentina holiday timed to the adoption in 1816 of the United Provinces of the Silver River Declaration of Independence.Date of May 9 was the basis of the creation of the new Republic - Argentina.Since then, every year on this day is an official holiday celebrate Independence Day.
phenomenon Tikhvin Icon of Our LadyAccording to legend, the Tikhvin icon was painted by St. Luke, who was a prominent figure of the Holy Scriptures.In the 5th century icon from Jerusalem moved to Constantinople, where she rested for a long time in the Blachernae church.In just a few years before the Turks conquered Constantinople, the icon disappeared unexpectedly and soon in the radiant glow appeared over Lake Ladoga.Traveling from one place to face stopped near Tikhvin, and the place of its appearance in honor of the Virgin was built a wooden church.
During the reign of Ivan the Terrible with the temple monastery was founded.At the beginning of the seventeenth century the Swedish army repeatedly tried to destroy the monastery, but to no avail.Once the monks, having learned of the approach of the Swedes have decided to leave the monastery and take with the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God, but the face of the miraculous seemed rooted and did not want to leave their places of refuge.Then, too, the monks decided to stay, hoping for protection of the Virgin.The miracle happened: with the approach of the Swedes at the monastery in the sky appeared a huge army of menacing, warning the enemies of the death.This circumstance wrapped Swedes fled.
In 1983, the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated the 600th anniversary of the appearance of the phenomenon of the holy Mother of God.During World War II, the Tikhvin icon was taken to the United States, and only in 2004 it was returned to his homeland.
July 9 at the national calendar
David-MadronoJuly 9 people honor the memory of the Venerable David of Thessalonica - a monk at the monastery of the Holy Great Martyr Theodore, and Mercury.According to legend, the saint had the gift of healing and casting out demons from the bodies of the unfortunate.Many wrapped David in Christianity, people were attracted to him for treatment, and the salvation of soul-saving tips.
In Russia, St. styled strawberry as his name day were in the peak of ripening strawberries in the woods.This berry Russian people have always valued not only for its "magical" flavor, but also valuable medicinal properties (useful for anemia and inflammatory diseases), as well as rich in vitamin composition.Especially loved the fresh zemlyanichku children.And in order to stock up for future use berries, adults began to make her different from the workpiece in the form of compotes, jams, jams, etc.Also today, the hostess baked wonderful cakes with strawberries, which to this day bear a special favor.
strawberries, in addition to healing, and also attributed magical properties.For example, it was thought, if David's leaf to put it in the left pocket and wear it all day, anyone today would agree to lend.Contact the people attention to the signs of the weather, if that day were installed rain - have all over-the-fly to the September moist and overcast.And that's good, clear weather, on the contrary, foreshadowed the opposite.
Historical events July 9July 9, 1762 - In St. Petersburg there was a "palace coup", which resulted in the ascension of Catherine II on
throne While the ruling at that time, Emperor Peter III was in Oranienbaum, Kateryna (hisspouse) secretly moved to St. Petersburg, where in the barracks Izmailovsky regiment its proclaimed autocratic empress.The news of this event lightning scattered around the city of St. Petersburg have been very pleased with this news.When the news was told to Peter, he tried his best to bring his wife to the talks, but his efforts were unsuccessful.Ekaterina, leading the state had clearly developed a political program based on the sequence of action is not to the detriment of the public.
In the first years of his reign, Catherine has done much for the development of the state: was held Senate reform, carried out the secularization of church lands, etc.In addition, the Empress alleviate the situation of several million peasants, establish new educational institutions (among them the Catherine College and Smolny Institute).It sought to ensure that Russia plays an active role in the world.As a result of her reign Russia was finally fixed on the Black Sea, and it moved the Crimea, Northern Black Sea and Kuban.
July 9, 1791 - Victory Russians Machinsky battle with Turkish troops
this day near the city of Machin (now Machin) held the largest battle of the Russian-Turkish war.To prevent the transition of the Russian army of the Danube, the Turkish army led by Yusuf Machin blocked.The commander of the Russian army Repnin decided to strike an unexpected blow to the Turkish camps concentrated in the city.And at dawn on July 9 Russian went on the offensive, guided by the developed plan.The fierce battle lasted more than six hours, but Russian troops pulled out of it the overall winner.With this victory, the imminent end of the Russian-Turkish war became apparent.Soon profitable for Russia Treaty of Jassy was signed between the two countries.
July 9, 1877 - phone creator Alex Bell founded the world's first telephone company
«Bell Telephone Company» has become the world's first telephone company, created by the American inventor Alex Bell.In 1875, he developed the concept design of the phone, the year went to the development of the invention, and in 1876, Bell applied for a patent.After a couple of months, there was a demonstration of the first telephone, which made a very strong impression on the American public.Create a new negotiating apparatus spodvignulo Alex Bell found his own telephone company and turn it into a successful growing concern.Since 1881 began to open up the world's first telephone exchange.
born July 9Nikolai Sheremetyev (1751 - 1809). - Earl, founder of the Moscow House Hospice (now Sklifosovsky hospital).Sheremetev was an avid fan of the dramatic art, singing and music in general.He even married actress acting on stage under the pseudonym Zhemchugov.However, after the birth of her son Dmitry died Countess soon.Count very experienced and fully dedicated himself to the last years of his life to his son, and charity.
Barbara Cartland (1901 - 2000). - An outstanding writer, who was listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the most prosperous avtorsha UK.Thanks to her were born seven hundred twenty-three books of various genres.
Elem Klimov (1933 - 2003). - Film director ( "Agony", "Sports, sports", "Welcome, or No Trespassing", "Come and See", and so on).After the fifth cinematic convention became the first secretary of the Union of Cinematographers of the Soviet Union.He was also the man who headed the Russian Academy Award commission, specializing in the selection and promotion of Russian films in the candidates for honorary prizes.