January 12 : Today some holidays, event, birthday party , birthdays,
News / / August 12, 2017
Holidays January 12
Day of Prosecutor's Office
Every year on this day celebrate the feast day of the official employee of the Russian Federation Prosecutor's Office.This holiday was established by presidential decree in 1995.This decree has changed the date of birth of the prosecutor's office.During the long period of its history, the count was associated with May month of 1992, while the Central Executive Committee decreed the state prosecutor's office.In 2007, the twelfth, the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation celebrated its 285 years.The prosecutor's office as a state institution has always held a special place.Its functions assumed a certain degree of independence from the local structures.It was one of the most important precepts of our ancestors.Prosecutors in the Russian state must be incorruptible and independent of the side effects.Currently, the prosecuting authorities are designed to protect the state from unscrupulous citizens who break the law, and vice versa need to protect society from the state of injustice.The prosecutor's office is the guarantor of law and order in society.In the history of the Russian state were periods when the prosecutors are struggling to cope with injustice and lawlessness.For all the historical activities of this body have been many cases where honest prosecutors or investigators struggled with illegal repression and as a result they themselves suffered.It is the prosecutor's office involved in the rehabilitation of people affected by political repression.Prosecutors Russian Prosecutor General's Office have the right to strictly use the power in cases of violations of citizens' rights stipulated by the law, infringement of the public interest in respect of officials who abuse the trust.The bodies of the Russian Federation Prosecutor's Office are coordinating the activities of law enforcement agencies to combat crime.The prosecutor's office has always been, is and will be on guard to protect the interests of individuals.
This is an unusual holiday, which is celebrated on the twelfth of January.Day abduction is linked to pagan belief, ancient Slavic legends and traditions.In ancient times worshiped so many gods.Every God was endowed with special powers, one patronized agriculture, the other took care of the dealers, the third of the students.Ancient gods can be compared with the current Minister of Health, Finance and so on.All known gods lived on Mount Olympus.Between them constantly had different arguments.In anger the gods let lightning overthrew each other with Olympus, and constantly undertaken a conspiracy.If we talk about the Slavic gods, they are not kept up with the ancient.Very often been the case that some terrible god kidnapped wife from another God, this could happen even during the wedding.This is an example we can take the legend of how God Perun, he was the god of fire, married Dodolev, goddess of motherhood and rain during their wedding Perun brother stole the bride.There is another legend Koschey God underground kingdom led another man's wife, he kidnapped Marena God grant me.A Dazhdbog was the grandson of Veles, which he once stole the bride.That's the "fun" in the history of the feast day of the abduction.
Post 10 Tevet
According to the Jewish calendar in the year 424 of the Tenth of Tevet Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem.This siege was long and hard, eventually the city was captured and destroyed the city of the Temple was burned, and a Jew were deported to Babylon.While the prophets have decided that this is a tragic day in the history will be a day of prayer and fasting for the next generation.It is surprising that in the Jewish tradition, historical events are always attributed to the mystical, religious and spiritual position.They believe that the post 10 Tevet, is punishment for deviating from the divine precepts.This day is the day of memory of the destroyed Temple beautiful in this day to remember the greatness and beauty of Jerusalem.But the main content of this day is still mourning.On this holiday people should strive to correct their wrong doings, to the Jews saw the revival of the city.On this day, there was another event in history: the translation of the Torah into Greek was completed.But the rabbis were well aware that the translation does not compare with the original, or the interpretation of holy books can be greatly distorted.Tenth of Tevet received one more point, after it was created the State of Israel.Israeli Rabbinate ruled that this day will be celebrated as the Day of Remembrance of universal, is the day of memory of victims of accidents, the specific date of death is unknown, and the day of those for whom there is no one to read a memorial prayer.Now, during the prayers of the Tenth of Tevet lit a memorial candle and say a prayer aloud memorial.
Memorial Day in Turkmenistan
January 12, Turkmenistan - a day of mourning.On this day, the Turkmens honor the memory of those killed in the Battle of Geok-Tepe.At the end of the XIX century Russian imperial ambitions began to spread to Central Asia and soon reached and Turkmenistan.Russia sent a special expedition to Turkmenistan military contingent, whose goal was the occupation of new lands and the enslavement of the peoples living on these lands.England, jealously watching the actions of Russia in Central Asia, has helped the Turkmen authorities in the fight against the aggressor in.In Turkmenistan there were new kinds of weapons, and also visited the military emissaries and advisers.British Intelligence was preparing the local population for a hostile meeting of Russian troops.Militant Turkmen tribes began to make effective attacks on Russian military camps.In 1880, the Russian divisional body with the support of 74 guns, went out of the base in Krasnovodsk and clicking Ridge Nebit Doug, came to the fortress of Geok-Tepe.January 12 Russian troops blew up the walls of the fortress and broke into a bastion.Strong point of the Turkmen army was destroyed.Russian battle lost nearly 400 soldiers, Turkmens losses were a hundred times more.In our time in Turkmenistan in the day lower a little national flags of the country, everywhere are commemorative and memorial events and dinners.In 1990, the decree of the President of Turkmenistan established a memorial day to commemorate those killed in the Geok-Tepe.In this conflict, Russia was the aggressor and occupier, the defenders were, the death to protect their families, customs and culture.
January 12 in the national calendar
The name of the day was in honor of the saint anise, who lived at the end of the third early in the fourth century in Greece.According to legend the girl's parents suddenly died and left her daughter the sea wealth.After that Anisa released all slaves to the will and the money handed out to the poor.All her life she has helped people in need, taking care of the prisoners in the dungeons of the peasants, he healed the sick and tried to comfort mourners.In Russia Anissya Zheludochnitsa called because according to ancient tradition, on this day of domestic pigs slaughtered and cooked innards, including the stomach.Before guts eaten, it was customary for them to guess.If the spleen pigs get a smooth and level, it meant that the winter is rich in strong frosts.If the stomach was empty, which meant that the cold weather will last long.While preparing gizzards according to traditional recipes.The stomach is stuffed with bacon, onions and refueled with salt, and then roasted over a fire.More people used the recipe of boiled stomach, his meat stuffed with pig's head.Since the celebration of Christmas time continued Anisin day, the tradition of the holidays a little mixed up.Traditionally, men are amused by their, they staged a hunt for wild boar.When the men managed to kill the beast, his spear carried on to the village to see all the people.Then the woman proceeded to the preparation of the festive table.People noticed that Anisin day frost grew stronger.The people said they did not have to ask Anissya heat, cold came to anise.Back in the day the peasants performed various rituals, if someone had problems with the gastrointestinal tract, it was believed that Anisa help cure these diseases.
Historical events January 12
January 12, 1820 founded Royal Astronomical Society
British Astronomical Society, the oldest in the world, it was founded at the beginning of the XIX century.The mastermind behind the creation of such an organization was John Herschel.Initially, the main task of the organization was to popularize astronomy as a scientific discipline.In addition, the initiators of the society, hoping to bring in astronomy, big capital, which would make it possible to send donations for research.Since 1831 the astronomical community began to patronize the British monarchy.At the same time, the organization has received the charter and the rules of functioning.In 1915, in the wake of the feminist movement, the rights of membership in the organization of the women received.In 1874, the company finally settled in London, where its headquarters, a special building was built.
Nowadays State astronomy organization engaged in deep study and development of astronomical science.Royal Astronomical Society regularly organizes scientific meetings, conferences, seminars, publishes its own scientific and educational journals and newspapers.The organization has a huge library, and in the foundation stacks, collected books not only in astronomy, but also in other fields of science.Astronomical Society has a number-art observatories, allowing scientists to the organization, to conduct continuous research activities.Members of the public may be any person under eighteen years of age and interested in astronomy.
January 12, 1950 in the USSR reintroduced the death penalty
After the Revolution, the Bolshevik government abolished the death penalty, as a relic of the tsarist regime.But it is not passed, and a year as a special decree was adopted, according to which in special cases permitted the death penalty by firing squad, with the sentence on the crime scene.The Bolsheviks recognized that without power control methods, their power will not last long.In September 1918, the People's Commissars adopted a decree on the application of capital punishment to all persons seen in the relations with the Whites and gangs involved in conspiracies and revolts.Soon the Cheka was empowered to attract capital punishment of persons accused of treason, espionage, counter-revolutionary acts, counterfeiting.For the entire 1920 the year the death penalty was sentenced and executed more than six thousand people.In 1947, a special decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, it was announced the abolition of the death penalty.The reason for the moratorium became enormous sacrifices during the war, so the persons sentenced to death, sentenced to death with a suspended sentence.However, his selfless work in the reconstruction of the homeland after the ruinous war such prisoners have a chance for a reduced sentence.And yet, the moratorium did not last more than 3 years, already in 1950 the Soviet government restored the death penalty, applied against persons accused of espionage, sabotage, etc.At the time of the Russian Federation has a hard moratorium on the death penalty.An alternative to the death penalty is a life sentence, imposed for the most serious crimes.
January 12, 1998 signing of a protocol banning human cloning
Cloning, or simply "copy" in the modern world is prohibited in almost all countries of the world.The process of accurate reproduction of copies of living beings at this time is clearly not settled, not in the medical and ethical context, not in the legal plane.Technology this complex process just before the end of technologically streamlined and gives a lot of failures.However, there are successful cloning of higher animals.For example, using the method of "nuclear transfer", it has been cloned sheep Dolly.Sheep have lived 6 years, and scientists have reported a successful experiment.Most researchers say that the successful experience of cloning sheep, allows already at this stage to proceed to experiments on human cloning.However, in the case of human cloning is not possible to recreate the old consciousness, personality, and this is yet another confirmation of the fact that the mind of man and his physical body is something different from each other.It becomes clear that the human genetic code does not carry his mind, he is responsible only for the accurate reproduction of the physical body.While consciousness is nothing else than the energy-substance, which exists regardless of the physical body.In January 1998 was signed in Paris an agreement on the prohibition of cloning human beings.The European Community, by its decision contributed greatly to the cause of human rights.We signed an agreement about twenty leading countries in Europe.In the United States and the CIS countries banned human cloning at the legislative level.
January 12, 2005 Deep Impact
Deep Impact - NASA's robot spacecraft agency.Designed to study the comet Tempel.In the first in the history of astronautics, the unit Deep Impact, dropped onto the surface of the comet's hardware probe, which is mired in the surface layers of the comet.He also managed to take a picture of a comet from close range.Project Director was appointed eminent astrophysicist Michael Ahern.The spacecraft launched into space on 12 January.With direct rapprochement with the heavenly body, we found that the planet's surface with a dust streams originate and gas.As the scientists the gas emanating from the comet's surface faulting was carbon.In addition, the surface of the comet broke snow and glaciers.Scientists have established, and particularly high background radiation of the comet, but its electromagnetic field has been extremely weak.the comet's surface was very fragile and brittle.The probe is "copper slug" literally broke the surface of the comet, which caused a powerful ejection of soil material.The power of the explosion was equivalent to the explosion of 5 thousand. kg of dynamite.From the shock of the explosion formed a huge crater 100 meters in diameter, and the depth of the crater does not exceed 30 meters.By spectral analysis, it was found that the comet is made of ice, carbonates and hydrocarbons.
January 12, 2010 Haiti earthquake
epicenter oscillation was recorded at a depth of thirteen kilometers to 22 kilometers to the south of the Haitian capital.During the disaster was followed by several aftershocks force from 5 to 7 points.According to scientists, the last of such strength earthquake occurred in Haiti in the middle of the XVIII century.As a result of the terrible earthquake killed more than two hundred thousand people have received more than three hundred thousand people seriously wounded and injured, missing nearly a thousand Haitians.Financial and material damage amounted to 6 billion. Dollars.From the earthquake severely damaged the country's capital, Port-au-Prince, there were destroyed the main government offices, thousands of residential homes, hospitals and almost all hospitals.Without housing were 3 million people.The capital has become a heap of ruins, and the city was like having undergone a total bombardment.Killed a lot of foreign nationals, including tons of representatives of international diplomatic missions.In Port-au-Prince were terrible destruction, destroyed water supply, roads were destroyed and blocked by the ruins of buildings, not enough drinking water.Everywhere were the dead bodies, they piled on pavements.Sanitary services were paralyzed.The police work, not organized from a prison destroyed by an earthquake, all the prisoners escaped.International assistance was late.Under threat of epidemics and starvation.
born January 12
Sergei Korolev (1907-1966), Soviet scientist
Sergei Korolev was born in January 1906.Korolev is the symbol of the space age.He started to create simple gliders, and finished the creation of orbital spacecraft.In 1930, King graduated from Bauman and has been employed in the Institute of aerodynamic, and three years later, he was transferred to the Research Institute of jet aircraft.The Research Institute of the young scientist directs the department of missile technology and creates the first sample of the rocket engine.Between repression Korolev fell into the hands of the secret police.His design work was able to resume only after the war.Under the guidance of a talented scientist, the first ballistic missile carriers were created.In 1957, King has created a launch vehicle, which could lead to low-Earth orbit spacecraft.From that moment began the era of space exploration.