12, 08, 2017
April 2 : what a holiday today .Events , name and birthday on 2 April.
News / / August 12, 2017
Holidays April 2
International Children's Book DayWho of us in childhood did not like to plunge into the world of books: consider the colorful pictures in them, read fairy stories, not noticing anyone around with anticipation waiting for themthe end?Children's books - a whole world for kids where they get all the most important for the development of practices that they definitely come in handy later in life.Books help to shape the character, understand the distinction between good and evil, fiction and reality.It is a pity that children's books were not always.Just two or three centuries ago they did not exist, and the children were forced to thumb through adult literature.
all changed in the 19th century, when the public finally recognized that children need to have their own books, organized according to the children's perception - interesting, understandable, educational.Thus began a flourishing children's book, which, incidentally, very much liked and adults - for living accessible language, violent fantasy and humor.One of the greatest storyteller of all time is recognized as Hans Christian Andersen, April 2, his birthday.Based on this event, the International Council for the children's book decided to establish the International Children's Book Day is April 2nd.
Day of Unity of Peoples of Belarus and RussiaIn 1996, 2 April between the two countries, Russia and Belarus signed an agreement in Moscow "On education community of Belarus and Russia."A year later, Boris Yeltsin and Alexander Lukashenko signed a second treaty of alliance between the two states, which gave new impetus to the integration process of the two countries.And in May 1997, the Government adopted a Charter of the Union of Belarus and Russia.While the treaty of alliance between the two states has lost its relevance, it has entered into force on another agreement "On the establishment of the Union State", signed in December 1999.
This document clearly reflects the intention of the two heads of the firm resolve to continue the planned gradual movement to unite the states in the Union, of course, retaining the sovereign status.However, lately a tendency among politicians has weakened significantly and at a faster pace is on the wane.
April 2 in the national calendar
Fotini-KolodeznitsaApril 2 in the Orthodox world celebrated the memory of Saint Samaritan woman at the well - known character of the biblical giving.This is the same woman who had drunk water from the well of Jacob Jesus.After a conversation with Jesus, she turned to Christianity, and later died a martyr's death for the faith - the enemies threw it together with his family in the well.
In Russia this day well water especially revered.People believed that it acquired Fotini healing power.Therefore, its use begins with the awakening: morning toilet, drink and superimposition compresses on painful areas necessarily carried out with the use of such water.With therapeutic purposes wires and other ritual April 2: a small piece of paper written prayer, folded and tied to the neck of a sick person.Three days later, a piece of paper with a prayer candle burned on, and ate the ashes with water.In severe cases, the prayer was applied to nine or even more days.
On Fotini was famous flax - a major supplier of tissue in the Russian economy.In the morning, the street exhibited beautiful things, they were hung on a clothesline, woodpile, branches and fences.Birch trees growing in the courtyards, decorated with embroidered towels.Young girls envelops in linen towels and circle dances together.It was believed that such a ceremony attracted decent and wealthy suitors.
Historical events April 2April 2, 1792 - The first US Mint was founded
Today the Mint - the only producer of the American banknotes.Its mission is to provide the necessary amount of money coin of the United States, as well as the distribution of coins banknotes across all Federal Reserve banks.Daily US Mint produces up to fifty million copies of various denominations.According to a law passed back in 1792, US coins on one side should depict a symbol of Liberty coinage year, and on the other - an eagle with the words "United States of America."US occupy leading positions in the world for the production of commemorative and jubilee coins.They usually do not have widespread popularity in other countries, but in the native state enjoyed considerable demand.
April 2, 1982 -
Falkland Islands were seized by Argentine troops to Argentina controlled the islands of Britain, but the first did not want to put up with the situation and decided to seize domination suppressing the British resistance, consisting of eighty marines.Argentine President General Galteri through interception strengthened political situation.But that was not the end!After a while, after a thorough military training not reconcile Britain regained the islands.
year April 2, 1991 - In the Soviet Union there was a sharp jump in prices
According to the decree of the then head of the Soviet Union and the decision of Ministers of the USSR prices were raised several times (in some places - even ten times).Grocery stores and shops have undergone a radical invasion, the people fear the disappearance of the products bought everything.Price per kilogram of meat has quadrupled, milk and bread - three times.The country began mass strike.In a shocking price increase wages increased by only thirty percent, and compensation in the amount of sixty rubles looked funny.
After what happened spike social tension has grown to the limit values, hundreds of labor groups staged massive strikes and hunger strikes, demanding the resignation of both Gorbachev and restore economic order in the country.In just a week the number of strikers exceeded one million people.They stopped only after the government agreed to make concessions, transferring part of the enterprises in the republican jurisdiction, as well as stopping the transfer of the main income in the Union budget.
born April 2- Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875 gg.) - A great children's storyteller, novelist, playwright and poet.World fame he gained because of the tales - processing world folklore, written in accessible, simple and close to the spoken language style.Hans Christian Andersen gave the children the joy which they were previously denied - little world of children's fairy tale "The Ugly Duckling", "The Wild Swans", "The Little Mermaid", "Thumbelina", "The Snow Queen" and many others.
- Charlemagne (742-814 gg.) - Frankish King, founder of the Carolingian dynasty.Through numerous campaigns that were carried out in order to conquest, Charles managed to create a vast empire that actually cover most of Western Europe.During his reign, mass culture developed, open educational institutions in monasteries, conducted forensic military reforms.However, after the death of the ruler of the empire almost completely collapsed.
- Walter Zapashny (1928-2007 gg.) - Soviet circus artist, People's Artist of the RSFSR, the trainer of wild animals.Together with their pets participated in the filming of several movies: "Ruslan and Lyudmila", "Three plus two", "Dersu Uzala".